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  • I'm a filmmaker.

  • For the last 8 years,

  • I have dedicated my life

  • to documenting the work

  • of Israelis and Palestinians

  • who are trying to end the conflict

  • using peaceful means.

  • When I travel with my work

  • across Europe and the United States,

  • one question always comes up:

  • Where is the Palestinian Gandhi?

  • Why aren't Palestinians

  • using nonviolent resistance?

  • The challenge I face when I hear this question

  • is that often I have just returned from the Middle East

  • where I spent my time

  • filming dozens of Palestinians

  • who are using nonviolence

  • to defend their lands

  • and water resources

  • from Israeli soldiers and settlers.

  • These leaders are trying to forge

  • a massive national nonviolent movement

  • to end the occupation

  • and build peace in the region.

  • Yet, most of you

  • have probably never heard about them.

  • This divide between what's happening on the ground

  • and perceptions abroad

  • is one of the key reasons

  • why we don't have yet

  • a Palestinian peaceful resistance movement

  • that has been successful.

  • So I'm here today

  • to talk about the power of attention,

  • the power of your attention,

  • and the emergence and development

  • of nonviolent movements

  • in the West Bank, Gaza and elsewhere --

  • but today, my case study is going to be Palestine.

  • I believe that what's mostly missing

  • for nonviolence to grow

  • is not for Palestinians

  • to start adopting nonviolence,

  • but for us to start paying attention

  • to those who already are.

  • Allow me to illustrate this point

  • by taking you to this village

  • called Budrus.

  • About seven years ago,

  • they faced extinction,

  • because Israel announced it would build a separation barrier,

  • and part of this barrier

  • would be built on top of the village.

  • They would lose 40 percent of their land

  • and be surrounded,

  • so they would lose free access

  • to the rest of the West Bank.

  • Through inspired local leadership,

  • they launched a peaceful resistance campaign

  • to stop that from happening.

  • Let me show you some brief clips,

  • so you have a sense

  • for what that actually looked like on the ground.

  • (Music)

  • Palestinian Woman: We were told the wall

  • would separate Palestine from Israel.

  • Here in Budrus,

  • we realized the wall would steal our land.

  • Israeli Man: The fence has, in fact,

  • created a solution to terror.

  • Man: Today you're invited

  • to a peaceful march.

  • You are joined

  • by dozens of your Israeli brothers and sisters.

  • Israeli Activist: Nothing scares the army

  • more than nonviolent opposition.

  • Woman: We saw the men

  • trying to push the soldiers,

  • but none of them could do that.

  • But I think the girls could do it.

  • Fatah Party Member: We must empty our minds

  • of traditional thinking.

  • Hamas Party Member: We were in complete harmony,

  • and we wanted to spread it to all of Palestine.

  • Chanting: One united nation.

  • Fatah, Hamas and the Popular Front!

  • News Anchor: The clashes over the fence continue.

  • Reporter: Israeli border police were sent to disperse the crowd.

  • They were allowed to use any force necessary.

  • (Gunshots)

  • Man: These are live bullets.

  • It's like Fallujah. Shooting everywhere.

  • Israeli Activist: I was sure we were all going to die.

  • But there were others around me who weren't even cowering.

  • Israeli Soldier: A nonviolent protest

  • is not going to stop the [unclear].

  • Protester: This is a peaceful march.

  • There is no need to use violence.

  • Chanting: We can do it! We can do it!

  • We can do it!

  • Julia Bacha: When I first heard

  • about the story of Budrus,

  • I was surprised

  • that the international media had failed to cover

  • the extraordinary set of events

  • that happened seven years ago,

  • in 2003.

  • What was even more surprising

  • was the fact that Budrus was successful.

  • The residents, after 10 months of peaceful resistance,

  • convinced the Israeli government

  • to move the route of the barrier off their lands

  • and to the green line,

  • which is the internationally recognized boundary

  • between Israel and the Palestinian Territories.

  • The resistance in Budrus

  • has since spread

  • to villages across the West Bank

  • and to Palestinian neighborhoods in Jerusalem.

  • Yet the media remains mostly silent

  • on these stories.

  • This silence carries profound consequences

  • for the likelihood

  • that nonviolence can grow,

  • or even survive,

  • in Palestine.

  • Violent resistance

  • and nonviolent resistance

  • share one very important thing in common;

  • they are both a form of theater

  • seeking an audience to their cause.

  • If violent actors

  • are the only ones constantly getting front-page covers

  • and attracting international attention

  • to the Palestinian issue,

  • it becomes very hard

  • for nonviolent leaders

  • to make the case to their communities

  • that civil disobedience

  • is a viable option

  • in addressing their plight.

  • The power of attention

  • is probably going to come as no surprise

  • to the parents in the room.

  • The surest way

  • to make your child throw increasingly louder tantrums

  • is by giving him attention

  • the first time he throws a fit.

  • The tantrum will become

  • what childhood psychologists call

  • a functional behavior,

  • since the child has learned

  • that he can get parental attention out of it.

  • Parents can incentivize or disincentivize behavior

  • simply by giving or withdrawing

  • attention to their children.

  • But that's true for adults too.

  • In fact, the behavior

  • of entire communities and countries

  • can be influenced,

  • depending on where

  • the international community chooses

  • to focus its attention.

  • I believe that at the core of ending the conflict in the Middle East

  • and bringing peace

  • is for us

  • to transform nonviolence

  • into a functional behavior

  • by giving a lot more attention

  • to the nonviolent leaders on the ground today.

  • In the course of taking my film to villages

  • in the West Bank, in Gaza and in East Jerusalem,

  • I have seen the impact

  • that even one documentary film can have

  • in influencing the transformation.

  • In a village called Wallajeh,

  • which sits very close to Jerusalem,

  • the community was facing

  • a very similar plight to Budrus.

  • They were going to be surrounded, lose a lot of their lands

  • and not have freedom of access,

  • either to the West Bank or Jerusalem.

  • They had been using nonviolence for about two years

  • but had grown disenchanted

  • since nobody was paying attention.

  • So we organized a screening.

  • A week later,

  • they held the most well-attended

  • and disciplined

  • demonstration to date.

  • The organizers say

  • that the villagers, upon seeing the story of Budrus

  • documented in a film,

  • felt that there were indeed people

  • following what they were doing,

  • that people cared.

  • So they kept on going.

  • On the Israeli side,

  • there is a new peace movement called Solidariot,

  • which means solidarity in Hebrew.

  • The leaders of this movement have been using Budrus

  • as one of their primary recruiting tools.

  • They report

  • that Israelis who had never been active before,

  • upon seeing the film,

  • understand the power of nonviolence

  • and start joining their activities.

  • The examples of Wallajeh

  • and the Solidariot movement

  • show that even a small-budget independent film

  • can play a role

  • in transforming nonviolence

  • into a functional behavior.

  • Now imagine the power

  • that big media players could have

  • if they started covering

  • the weekly nonviolent demonstrations

  • happening in villages

  • like Bil'in, Ni'lin,

  • Wallajeh,

  • in Jerusalem neighborhoods

  • like Sheikh Jarrah and Silwan --

  • the nonviolent leaders

  • would become more visible,

  • valued and effective

  • in their work.

  • I believe

  • that the most important thing

  • is to understand

  • that if we don't pay attention to these efforts,

  • they are invisible,

  • and it's as if they never happened.

  • But I have seen first hand

  • that if we do,

  • they will multiply.

  • If they multiply,

  • their influence will grow

  • in the overall Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

  • And theirs is the kind of influence

  • that can finally

  • unblock the situation.

  • These leaders have proven that nonviolence works

  • in places like Budrus.

  • Let's give them attention

  • so they can prove it works everywhere.

  • Thank you.

  • (Applause)

I'm a filmmaker.

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B1 US TED nonviolent nonviolence israeli palestinian attention

【TED】Julia Bacha: Pay attention to nonviolence (Julia Bacha: Pay attention to nonviolence)

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    大佑 posted on 2016/02/08
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