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  • They were designed to be the best

  • They made enemies face to face

  • Endure tragedies and enjoy victories

  • They went down in history due to the bravery crews

  • They are the ships that deserve to be called

  • NAVAL LEGEND

  • U.S.S ALABAMA

  • In this episode USS Alabama

  • the long life for the lucky A

  • the battleships define the mines effectiveness in the naval fleet

  • And major sea power in the first half of the 20th century

  • these vessels incorporated the latest scientific and technical achievements

  • each new ship receives the thick armor

  • and more powerful large-caliber gun

  • the battleships were becoming real sea Giants

  • to put a stop to the naval arms race a conference was convened in Washington in 1922

  • the major see powers reached an agreement to reduce the number battleships

  • limit their primary armament caliber the displacement and other characteristics

  • despite the strict limitations imposed by the Treaty

  • scientific progress allowed participating countries to continuously upgrade the speed

  • the armor on the armament up their battleships

  • the US battleships and the South Dakota Class one of the most successful examples are the new design approach

  • included four vessels

  • USS Alabama being the last to them

  • we're standing on the deck in a battleship USS Alabama maybe sixty there

  • was actually a

  • the keel was laid February first 1940

  • Took over 3000 men and women working 24 hours a day

  • 30 months to build a ship she was launched February 16 1942 *

  • she was commissioned and into the United States Navy on August 16th 1942

  • she served four and a half years

  • Earned 9 Battle Stars

  • Total displacement: 44,500 tons

  • Length: 207.4 meters

  • Beam: 33 meters

  • Draft: 11 meters

  • Armament

  • primary armament: 9 MK.6 guns in three turrets

  • Caliber: 406mm

  • Range of fire: armor-piercing shells 33 km

  • high-explosive shells 36 km

  • Dual-purpose artillery: 10 MK.28 turret with 2 MK. 12 guns each

  • Caliber: 127mm

  • Anti-Aircraft Artillery: 12 quadruple Bofors guns

  • 48 Oerlikon MK. 2 3 4 78 cannons

  • Air group: from 2 to 3 OS2U floatplanes

  • Armor: belt 310mm

  • Primary armament turrets: from 184 to 457 mm

  • Conning tower from 102 to 406 mm

  • Maximal speed: 27 knots

  • Range: 13,000 nautical miles at 15 knots

  • US engineers managed to give the new battleships quite a high-speed

  • And impressive sustainability the vessels were agile enough to escort aircraft carriers

  • and the cruising range allow them to sail halfway around the globe

  • the key to this insurance was the main power plant to the Alabama

  • installed in four engine rooms

  • much as you can see, basic what appears to be operational turbans and steam generators the actual boilers are

  • Follow me, this way

  • When fully operational, the peak can pass to 230,000 brake horsepower

  • you know that's added drove over 45,000 tons

  • or 90,000,000 pound ship plus 31 miles an hour, 28 knots

  • USS Alabama’s armaments is worthy of special attention

  • Only 2 ship classes will more powerfully arm

  • The newest US Iowa Class and the Japanese Yamato Class, the biggest battle ships in the world

  • The Alabama's main battery consisted of nine guns with 16 inches caliber

  • Installed in 2 forward turrets and 1 aft turret

  • The primary elements magazine is located two levels below the main deck

  • This is the area called barbette and this is one of the stations where the big 16 inches shells were loaded and put up a hoist above me here

  • and loaded into the big guns to be fired, big 16 inches guns

  • you see the front and the back a battleship

  • it was very very difficult work, very hot conditions in here

  • The pictures that around this room, the photographs shows many big kind burly man with big arms

  • Because you need a lot of strength to work in here

  • They will put chains around these shells

  • and then put them into the hoist and send them up to be fired

  • A sophisticated system with gyro, scope and analog calculators was responsible for targeting

  • Gunners supplied the system with necessary data, such as Target characteristics, speed and direction of the wind

  • and where I to the barrels

  • USS Alabama had from two to three floatplanes on board for air reconnaissance and spotting

  • when the ship was firing the sure targets

  • Surface targets were tracked and aimed with the help of radars

  • pride and joy of the US Navy

  • This place for radars, racial aid and radio contact all came together

  • And also sonar

  • and so what you have here this kinda brain trust for the nervous system with the ship

  • so all the information was collected here and dispersed to the rest to the ship

  • the dual-purpose MK. 12 guns were designed to destroy both enemy ships and aircrafts

  • they use shells equipped with non-contact fuses

  • That dramatically increasing the efficiency of the anti-aircraft fire

  • the battleships anti-aircraft armaments during the war

  • also included ever-increasing number 40mm Bofors and 20mm Oerlikon automatic guns

  • headed up anti-aircraft power shut down 22 aircrafts

  • That’s confirm 22 the crews said they shut down twice that many

  • but you know, who knows

  • to increase the defensive the ship without exceeding the displacement limit

  • The all-or-nothing approach was adopted

  • the armor protected only the vital component so the vessel

  • such as the conning tower, the primary armament, machinery spaces

  • and the rudder gear the ship and remind unarmored

  • to further save weight an inner armor belt was introduced in the design

  • it represented a relatively thin plating reinforced steel covering the main belt of armor

  • the construction was sufficiently light and was considered to be very effective against the armor-piercing shells

  • but regardless all these innovations

  • the engineers still had to shorten the vessel's hull by 20 meters compared to the North Carolina battleship

  • officers were accompanied in double cabins the crew quarters house 2, 3 and even 4 tier berths

  • Still, despite of the space-saving, the American design is managed to find a place

  • for a dentist's office, an operating room, a barber shop, a store and even a pantry

  • 25 hundred man on the ship any one time in World War Two

  • so he would have had a breakfast, lunch and dinner, the three meals a day

  • and in front of you now you're seeing the breakfast side

  • We got all kinds of things this for the guys to eat here so you saw sausage patties

  • we have bread baking in the oven and over here behind those gentlemen we've got things like rice and also they also had grits once on the morning

  • we also have breakfast cereal in things like how fresh fruit

  • whenever they went port they got fresh supplies to help things like apples and oranges

  • the battleships made the ice cream had the gear on scene and sold ice cream float things like that

  • one statistic is it sold about 100 gallons of ice cream

  • and or soda were severed or give to enlisted crews and officers per day here on the ship

  • so 100 gallons of ice cream and soda, that’s a lot for one day

  • this is the barber shop for the enlisted crewmen's, not for the officers

  • you would have 3 master barbers down here men who cut hair

  • and then they had 2 apprentice

  • if the men want a certain style or something like that there was allowed by Navy military

  • rigid discipline was maintained on the ship

  • but considering the number of people aboard, more than 2,500

  • minor offenses were inevitable

  • what's called the Temporary brig, some people call panned or the slammer

  • because the slam of jail door

  • and this was a about temporary jail area for guys that were crewmen who eventually were on leave

  • either got drunk and came back or are they were in a fight, something minor

  • Down blow us 1 deck, we have the actual brig where for major offenses

  • they weren’t allowed to have a lot of things except for maybe a little bit a reading material

  • or some cards or something like that as you would see it here

  • the her commissioning

  • USS Alabama was sent to the Atlantic Ocean the US battleships were tasked with holding back the German fleet in the north

  • while the British ships moved to the Mediterranean to prepare the assault on Sicily

  • In July 1943, the Alabama joined the ride on Norwegian shores

  • the Allied forces attempted to lure out the Tirpitz

  • but the German battleship preferred to stay undercover fear arms

  • neither the Tirpitz nor the Alabama had a chance to find a comparable ships in their careers

  • these battleships, Giants created to assure superiority in the naval rounds

  • never engaged in a serious battle with the similar type opponent to people's tracks

  • USS Alabama however managed to distinguish herself during one of the major engagements in the Pacific Ocean

  • the largest aircraft carrier battle between the US and Japan

  • known as the battle for the Mariana Islands or the battle in the Philippine Sea

  • In case the Americans captured the Mariana Islands

  • they could regularly bomb Japanese cities and cut off the Land of the Rising Sun from strategic resources in the West Indies

  • Japan could not afford to lose them and send almost all its carrier-borne aviation to fight off the enemy’s fleet

  • the USS Alabama, transferred early into the Pacific Ocean

  • joined the battle as part of the screen force for the aircraft carriers

  • thanks to her state-of-the-art radar

  • the battleship was able to detect approaching Japanese a profit at a distance of almost 160 miles

  • In 1944 it was inconceivable

  • None of the task force ships could confirm the target

  • and only at a distance of 140 miles to the battleship Iowa confirmed the detection

  • upon receiving confirmation the US fleet commander

  • ordered his aircraft carriers to launch their fighters

  • one of the pilots from the aircraft carrier Lexington described disengagement as a whole time turkey shoot down

  • this nickname stocks in the battle went down in history as the great Mariana turkey shoot

  • US pilots and ships destroyed more than 500 Japanese lines and kill the majority of experienced pilots

  • in fact the Japanese carrier-borne aviation ceased to exist

  • It is after the battle the Philippine Sea to the Japanese command had to resort to that last trump in the Pacific War

  • Kamikaze attacks

  • Eventually US military operations in the Pacificand the Soviet offensive in Manchuria force the Japanese to lay down arms

  • the surrender of the Land of the Rising Sun was signed aboard the US battleship Missouri

  • USS Alabama also had an honorary role

  • the ship pride was after the surrender documents were signed on September the 2nd 45

  • the next day, that Alabama led the American fleet in Tokyo Bay

  • pretty soon after world war two

  • it became obvious the giant battle fleet did not meet the requirements of modern warfare

  • no matter how big the guns there were no match for the range destructive power aircraft and missiles

  • little by little battleships were decommissioned

  • USS Alabama’s turn in the beginning in the 1960s

  • she was turned to her common birth in Mobile Bay

  • and became the main exhibit the exposition dedicated to the US Armed Forces and their role in world war two

  • we've been open actually to the public since 1965 hosting more than 40 million visitors

  • we've been very happy to see that over the last several years

  • The younger audiences are very appreciative over learning the history of what made America great

  • and also what made these vessel so important there

  • USS Alabama was nicknamedthe Lucky A”

  • because she did not receive any damage during her service

  • nor did she lose a single crew member to enemy fire

  • now she keeps watch

  • helping to preserve the memory of the greatest naval warfare of whole time

They were designed to be the best

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B2 US alabama battleship aircraft armor battle armament

Naval Legends - Battleship USS Alabama

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    噹噹 posted on 2016/02/04
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