Placeholder Image

Subtitles section Play video

  • Great to see you this Wednesday. I'm Carl Azuz

  • covering current events on CNN Student News.

  • Got an update on the US presidential race coming up in a few minutes,

  • but we're starting with news from the World Health Organization.

  • The medical branch of the United Nations has

  • declared an international public health emergency,

  • and it's because of the lightning fast spread of the Zika virus.

  • The emergency declaration is hoped to speed up international cooperation

  • in research in fighting the virus.

  • What's interesting about Zika,

  • is that unlike some other viruses spread by mosquitoes,

  • so think Malaria and Dengue Fever,

  • doctors say Zika is not a clinically serious infection to many people.

  • But it's been linked to an alarming increase in babies born

  • with microcephaly, a condition that causes them to have abnormally small heads

  • and serious developmental problems.

  • Zika cases have increased in Brazil and French Polynesia.

  • But to explore the history of the virus, you have to go to East Africa.

  • Armed with traps, scientists push into the Zika forest in Uganda.

  • They've discovered around 70 types of mosquito here,

  • some carrying deadly viruses.

  • So this is a very precarious climb up this tower.

  • I need to get higher to try to get the different species of mosquitoes.

  • We're in an ecological hot zone where zoonotic diseases thrive.

  • So it's got a light to attract the mosquitoes and carbon dioxide coming off the dry ice.

  • And we should get some overnight. Yeah. And they do.

  • Mosquitoes that could be carrying Yellow Fever, Dengue, and yes, the Zika virus.

  • The forest gave the virus its name. Back in 1947,

  • scientists discovered Zika by accident, while studying Yellow Fever.

  • Their rusted research station is still here.

  • But Zika infected mostly monkeys and human symptoms were mild.

  • It fell off the map. A potential key mutation and an increasingly connected world,

  • sparked an outbreak half a world away.

  • With modern transport which is very efficient, very fast,

  • one person can be here today, gets bitten by a mosquito

  • and starts getting sick after he's traveled thousands of miles.

  • Now scientists are playing catch up,

  • looking closely at the Zika- carrying Aedes Aegypti mosquito.

  • You do have to keep them under lock and key.

  • But in these labs, they've been mostly using their high tech equipment

  • to diagnose patients. They lack the funding to track emerging

  • virus threats in the forest where Zika was identified.

  • For sure, we don't know completely what is in these forests.

  • We have not done enough. We can't say we know anything.

  • Every other year we come across new viruses.

  • They say not nearly enough is being done

  • to research viruses before they spark a global health emergency.

  • Time for the Shoutout. Which of these events triggers the world's

  • largest annual human migration? If you think you know it, shout it out.

  • Is it the Eucharistic Congress, Hajj, Winter Solstice, or Lunar New Year?

  • You've got three seconds. Go.

  • The Lunar New Year, which is celebrated in China

  • and many other Asian countries, triggers the biggest annual movement of people.

  • That's your answer and that's your Shoutout.

  • Makes sense that the country with world's largest population,

  • more than 1. 3 billion people, more than four times the population of the US,

  • would have such a massive migration on its most significant holiday.

  • The date of China's Lunar New Year depends

  • on whenever the second new moon after the winter solstice arrives.

  • This time around that's on February 8th.

  • That's when the year 4714 begins in the Chinese calendar.

  • It's the year of the monkey. Because so many people celebrate,

  • China's routes of travel are already slammed.

  • It's the largest annual human migration in the world.

  • Each year between late January and early February,

  • hundreds of millions of Chinese people head home

  • for the country's biggest holiday, the Lunar New Year.

  • Also called the Spring Festival, it's the one time each year

  • when families scattered across the country reunite.

  • And to get to one another, China sees a travel boom on a massive scale.

  • The government expects 2. 9 billion trips to be made across the country,

  • travelers using every means at their disposal to make it home.

  • Airports and railway stations get absolutely crushed with people,

  • suitcases, and gifts for their families in tow.

  • Highways fill up with those wealthy enough own their own cars.

  • And those who aren't, crowd buses and hitch rides on motorcycles,

  • sometimes traveling for days. Here in Beijing alone,

  • about 42 million trips in and out of the city are expected to be made.

  • During the holidays the normally loud and busy streets of Beijing

  • become noticeably and almost surreally quiet.

  • The annual migration has boomed right along with China's economy

  • over the past 30 years. Factory towns needed workers

  • with most coming from China's rural villages.

  • Hundreds of millions of people spend the year away from their families,

  • but the pull of home during the holiday is something few can resist.

  • Once home, traditional dinners are held,

  • and Chinese children receive little red envelopes

  • filled with cash called lucky money.

  • On Lunar New Year's Eve, roughly 700 million people

  • watch a celebration broadcast on state TV.

  • That's an audience more than six times bigger than last year's Super Bowl.

  • And after the Spring festival ends,

  • most people return to work and cities like Beijing fill right back up.

  • But there are many people who take extended holidays.

  • The Lunar New Year holiday runs for less than ten days,

  • but the peak travel period lasts for nearly six weeks.

  • Folks, raise your hand if you're a first time caucus participant.

  • I've heard from a Republican source familiar with turnout,

  • they are on pace with a record breaking night.

  • Based on the early entrance polls that we're getting,

  • it looks like there's a three man race on the Republican side.

  • OMG as they say. Take a look at this.

  • That's with 90 % of the vote in. It doesn't get a whole lot closer than that.

  • This is what a capacity crowd looks like.

  • Real time voting as you're looking at it.

  • Real time counting live on international television.

  • And when those votes were counted in the US state of Iowa,

  • there were some surprises. On the Democratic side,

  • former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders

  • were deadlocked throughout Monday night.

  • When final results came in yesterday,

  • they indicated that Clinton won by a very narrow margin.

  • She got an estimated 49. 9 % of the vote. Sanders got 49. 6 %.

  • On the Republican side, Texas Senator Ted Cruz upset businessman Donald Trump.

  • Cruz won with 28 % of the vote.

  • Trump, though he was leading in the polls, took 24 %.

  • And Florida senator Marco Rubio was a very close third with 23 %.

  • Two candidates dropped out of the race Monday night.

  • Former Maryland governor Martin O'Malley, a Democrat,

  • ended his campaign, and former Arkansas governor Mike Huckabee,

  • a Republican, ended his. That means that at this moment,

  • there are two Democratic candidates facing off,

  • and 11 candidates competing for the Republican Party's nomination.

  • The next contest will be in New Hampshire, the primary on February 9th.

  • All aboard the Roll Call train.

  • We're traveling from North America to North Africa today.

  • First stop is in Meridian, Idaho.

  • We're welcoming the Warriors of Meridian High School.

  • Chugging to the East Coast, the Blue Jays are watching

  • from their perch at Middlesex High School.

  • You'll find that in Middlesex, New Jersey.

  • And across the Atlantic, on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea,

  • you'll find the nation of Tunisia. And in the capital of Tunis,

  • we're happy to see the American Cooperative School of Tunis.

  • French Creek Freddy, General Beauregard Lee,

  • and Sir Wally Wally all have something in common, besides awesome names.

  • They're groundhogs, AKA woodchucks, AKA whistle pigs, AKA you get it.

  • And the legend goes that if a groundhog see its shadow on Groundhog Day,

  • six more weeks of winter are on the way.

  • Pennsylvania's Punxsutawney Phil's probably the most famous groundhog,

  • if not the most accurate forecaster. There is no shadow to be cast.

  • An early spring is my forecast.

  • Well that's what Phil quote, predicted. But he's only right about 45 % of the time.

  • And in an El Nino year, well that makes it hard for nay metero- hog- logist to stay grounded.

  • Many would chuck it up to tradition, a hog- li- day of marmot proportions.

  • A prognosthogcation that burrows from protentions of light

  • and shadow to season a supposition of Spring.

  • Maybe it groundhogs up too much of our time and that the whole hibernation

  • has been punxed. I'm Carl Azuz. And that is CNN Student News.

Great to see you this Wednesday. I'm Carl Azuz

Subtitles and vocabulary

Operation of videos Adjust the video here to display the subtitles

B1 US

February 3, 2016 - CNN Student News with subtitle

  • 6186 169
    VoiceTube posted on 2016/02/03
Video vocabulary