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  • Hello.

  • Welcome to Living English.

  • Today we'll learn how to talk about paying...

  • ... some words to describe where you live...

  • ... and how to talk about your family.

  • In our last episode of 'Sisters and Brothers'...

  • ... Sarah invited Anne to her house for lunch.

  • In today's apisode Anne is on her way to Sarah's house.

  • So let's see what happens.

  • Here we are.

  • How much is that?

  • That'll be seventeen fifty thanks love.

  • - Keep the change. - Thank you very much.

  • Thank you.

  • Hello, I'm Anne.

  • Mama [...].

  • Come in Anne.

  • What a beautiful house.

  • It's been a lot of work, but we're getting there.

  • This is the bathroom.

  • This is my daughter's bedroom.

  • And here's the kitchen.

  • Anne's here.

  • You've met my daughter Louise.

  • Hello Louise.

  • [...].

  • Yes, my dear.

  • And my husband, Mark.

  • Hello again.

  • Oh, sorry about my heavy bag.

  • Just kidding.

  • But you haven't met my little brother.

  • This is Steve.

  • I was to pick you up this morning.

  • You didn't let me.

  • I'm sorry.

  • I like to find my own way around.

  • No worries.

  • Maybe another time.

  • Yes.

  • Maybe.

  • Come on, let's go up [...].

  • Let's look first at how Anne pays the taxi driver.

  • She asks him how much she has to pay.

  • Here we are.

  • How much is that?

  • That'll be seventeen fifty thanks love.

  • Keep the change.

  • Anne asks the taxi driver 'How much is that?'

  • You can ask this way about anything you want to buy.

  • Practice with the clip.

  • Here we are.

  • How much is that?

  • The taxi driver tells Anne how much she has to pay.

  • This is the price.

  • For a taxi or bus ticket this is called the fare.

  • What is the fare for the taxi?

  • Listen again.

  • How much is that?

  • That'll be seventeen fifty thanks love.

  • The taxi driver says 'That'll be seventeen fifty'.

  • 'Seventeen fifty' is seventeen dollars and fifty cents.

  • In English the price is usually two numbers - the dollars and the cents.

  • If the price was just seventeen dollars...

  • ... the taxi driver would have said 'That'll be seventeen dollars'.

  • If the price was fifty cents he would say...

  • ... 'That'll be fifty cents'.

  • How much did Anne give the taxi driver?

  • That'll be seventeen fifty thanks love.

  • Keep the change.

  • She gives him twenty dollars.

  • But the fare was seventeen fifty.

  • So how much change should the taxi drive give Anne?

  • He should give her two dollars fifty.

  • Why doesn't he?

  • What does Anne say to stop him giving her the two dollars fifty?

  • That'll be seventeen fifty thanks love.

  • She says 'Keep the change'.

  • She's giving him the two dollars fifty as a tip.

  • As extra money.

  • In Australia you don't need to give a tip.

  • But sometimes people give a tip to taxi drivers or waiters for good service.

  • Sarah shows Anne around her house.

  • Let's look at the names of the rooms of the house.

  • What a beautiful house.

  • It's been a lot of work, but we're getting there.

  • This is the bathroom.

  • This is my daughter's bedroom.

  • And here's the kitchen.

  • Let's review those words.

  • And repeat them after me.

  • The bathroom.

  • My daughter's bedroom.

  • The kitchen.

  • Listen again to how Sarah described the bedroom.

  • This is my daughter's bedroom.

  • She described it as 'my daughter's bedroom'.

  • 'My' is a possessive pronoun.

  • Louise is Sarah's daughter.

  • So she calls her 'my daughter'.

  • Possessive pronouns come before nouns...

  • ... to show who the noun belongs to.

  • For example my bedroom belongs to me.

  • His bedroom belongs to him.

  • You practice with the sentence 'I sleep in my bedroom'.

  • And then with the other possessive pronouns.

  • Say it after me.

  • I - my.

  • I sleep in my bedroom.

  • He - his.

  • He sleeps in his bedroom.

  • She - her.

  • She sleeps in her bedroom.

  • You - your.

  • You sleep in your bedroom.

  • We - our.

  • We sleep in our bedroom.

  • They - their.

  • They sleep in their bedroom.

  • And where does the dog sleep?

  • It sleeps in its kennel.

  • And here's Michelle.

  • Hello Michelle. How are you today?

  • Pretty good, thanks Brenton.

  • Tell me...

  • ... have you got a big family?

  • No, not very big.

  • I have one brother and one sister.

  • Well I have got some photos to show you

  • These are my parents.

  • So this is your father and your mother.

  • Yes.

  • They have four children.

  • Three boys.

  • This is them standing with my Mom.

  • And a girl - me.

  • So they have three sons and one daughter.

  • Yes, so I have three brothers and no sister.

  • Do your brothers have any children?

  • Two of my brothers are married.

  • This is my older brother and his wife.

  • And their four children.

  • Two sons and two daughters.

  • Here they are.

  • So these are your nephews and your nieces.

  • Yes.

  • The girls are my nieces.

  • And the boys are my nephews.

  • They call me aunt Michelle.

  • Do your parents have sisters and brothers?

  • My mother has three brothers and a sister.

  • And my father has four brothers and a sister.

  • So your parent's sisters are your aunts.

  • And their brothers are my uncles.

  • And I suppose they have their own children.

  • Yes, my parents have a lot of nephews and nieces.

  • And you have a lot of cousins.

  • Yes.

  • When I was young I had a lot of cousins to play with.

  • And what about your parent's parents. Are they still alive?

  • No, the only grand parent I have is my mother's father.

  • My grandfather.

  • I don't have a grandmother who is alive.

  • Here is my family tree.

  • Here are my tree [...] of grandparents at the top.

  • My two grandmothers.

  • And my two grandfathers.

  • And here are my parents.

  • My mother.

  • And my father.

  • They have four children.

  • My three brothers and me.

  • Here's my brother and his wife.

  • So obviously he's her husband.

  • And here are the children.

  • My nephews and nieces.

  • And my grandparents have a lot of grandchildren.

  • Some grandsons and some granddaughters.

  • You have a big family Michelle.

  • Yes, I'm [...] I think.

  • What about Sarah in our story?

  • Let's look again at her family...

  • ... and make a small family tree.

  • Good idea.

  • First, let's look again at the film.

  • And my husband, Mark.

  • Hello again.

  • Oh, sorry about my heavy bag.

  • Just kidding.

  • But you haven't met my little brother.

  • This is Steve.

  • So who is Mark?

  • Let's watch again.

  • And my husband, Mark.

  • Mark is Sarah's husband.

  • So who is Sarah?

  • Sarah is Mark's wife.

  • And who is Steve?

  • But you haven't met my little brother.

  • This is Steve.

  • Steve is Sarah's brother.

  • She says he is her little brother.

  • SHe doesn't mean he is small.

  • She means he is younger than her.

  • If he was older than her she would call him her big brother.

  • So who is Sarah?

  • Sarah is Steve's sister.

  • What relation is Steve to Sarah's husband Mark?

  • Steve is Mark's brother-in-law.

  • And Mark is Steve's brother-in-law too.

  • 'In-law' is used to describe relatives through marriage.

  • So Sarah's mother and father are Mark's mother-in-law and father-in-law.

  • Sarah has one other relative at the lunch.

  • You've met my daughter Louise.

  • Hello Louise.

  • Are we related Brenton?

  • No, Michelle. We're not related.

  • We're just friends.

  • I'm glad.

  • Me too.

  • And Michelle that's all we have time for today.

  • What will we talk about next time?

  • We'll look at comparing things.

  • And we'll find out how the lunch goes at Sarah's house.

  • So for now we'll say goodbye and leave you with another look...

  • ... at today's episode of 'Sisters and Brothers'.

  • Goodbye.

  • Goodbye.

  • Here we are.

  • How much is that?

  • That'll be seventeen fifty thanks love.

  • - Keep the change. - Thank you very much.

  • Thank you.

  • Hello, I'm Anne.

  • Mama [...].

  • Come in Anne.

  • What a beautiful house.

  • It's been a lot of work, but we're getting there.

  • This is the bathroom.

  • This is my daughter's bedroom.

  • And here's the kitchen.

  • Anne's here.

  • You've met my daughter Louise.

  • Hello Louise.

  • [...].

  • Yes, my dear.

  • And my husband, Mark.

  • Hello again.

  • Oh, sorry about my heavy bag.

  • Just kidding.

  • But you haven't met my little brother.

  • This is Steve.

  • I was to pick you up this morning.

  • You didn't let me.

  • I'm sorry.

  • I like to find my own way around.

  • No worries.

  • Maybe another time.

  • Yes.

  • Maybe.