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  • Friday's are guess what? Awesome I'm Carl Azuz

  • and I'll be taking you through the next ten minutes

  • of current events on CNN Student News.

  • It starts with US and global stock markets.

  • Averages have been swinging up and down wildly in 2016.

  • Last week the Dow Jones Industrial Average got off

  • to its worst ever start of the year.

  • It took another dive earlier this week,

  • but gained some of those losses back yesterday.

  • One of the biggest reasons for the instability is fear.

  • A popular saying is that Wall Street is governed by the emotions of fear and greed.

  • When investors are afraid, they sell off stock shares

  • and that drives down the market.

  • So what is causing all of this anxiety?

  • This is what a crash looks like,

  • an oil market collapsed from $ 180 to 30 in just 18 months.

  • To levels not seen since 2003.

  • Where's the bottom, Morgan Stanley says $ 20,

  • RVS says 16, standard charter 10.

  • It's a boon for drivers, it acts as a tax break for consumers.

  • But the force of the decline, so far, so fast

  • is destabilizing brining economic crisis to oil producers like Saudi Arabia,

  • Venezuela, Russia, Nigeria, Iraq.

  • Pink slips for energy workers and potential bankruptcy for oil companies.

  • Four reasons why this is happening.

  • First, OPEC won't cut production.

  • The world's largest oil producers are holding out to

  • see if other smaller producers will slow the pumps,

  • hoping they can gain or keep their market share in the long run.

  • But it's costing them billions, and Iran is about to start selling oil too.

  • Second, China is spooking everyone,

  • the world's second largest economy is slowing.

  • It needs less fuel to run its economy,

  • and the emerging market would be less as well.

  • Third, The US is producing more oil than ever,

  • largely created by American shale oil boom.

  • And this plunge in prices hasn't shut out too many producers yet.

  • And finally, the US dollar is strong, crude oil trades in dollars,

  • that means when the dollar gets stronger,

  • oil gets more expensive for over seas buyers.

  • That hurts demand and drive prices down further.

  • Mourning and defiance stretched across Indonesia yesterday.

  • The island chains between the Indian and Pacific oceans

  • with 256 million people, it's the fifth most populated nation in the world

  • And the largest Muslim majority country.

  • Yesterday, in the capital of Jakarta,

  • terrorists using explosives and firearms targeted an area often visited by foreigners.

  • At least two people were killed and 19 were wounded.

  • Indonesian authorities place the blame on the ISIS terrorist group,

  • and ISIS later claimed responsibility in an online statement.

  • This happened two days after a bombing Istanbul,

  • the largest city in Turkey, formerly named Constantinople.

  • ISIS was blamed for that too,

  • a suicide bombing that killed ten visiting Germans.

  • Turkey's prime minister said his country would continue its fight

  • against terrorism and never take a step back.

  • Turkey's a nation at a crossroads in more ways than

  • its geographical location between Europe and Asia.

  • Turkey faces a host of challenges that are likely to make 2016 a very difficult year.

  • The government is simultaneously fighting

  • Kurdish militants from the Kurdistan Workers Party or PKK

  • as well as ISIS militants.

  • Score of people have died as a result of the Kurdish fighting

  • over the course of the last several months,

  • and ISIS militants and suicide bombers are believed to have killed

  • around 130 Turkish citizens in a series of suicide bombings

  • in six months alone at the end of 2015.

  • These civil war in neighboring Syria continues to spill over.

  • Turkey's policy of accepting more than a million Syrian refugees

  • has been incredibly generous, but it has also changed

  • the demographics of Turkish cities and towns.

  • There are now homeless Syrians struggling to eke out a living.

  • Turkey's multi billion dollar tourism industry,

  • which makes up a significant part of the entire economy

  • has suffered several blows.

  • An important trading partner Russia has called for boycott

  • of Turkish beaches and goods.

  • After Turkish war planes shot down a Russian bomber

  • operating along the Turkish- Syrian border in November of 2015.

  • That is likely to strike a major blown to the Turkish economy.

  • A suicide bomber of suspected Syrian origin

  • has struck the jewel of the Turkish tourism industry.

  • The ancient district of Sultanahmet in what was

  • the heart of the ancient city of Constantinople

  • and now one of the most frequented tourist destinations in all of Turkey.

  • And amid the many challenges Turkey faces,

  • it is perhaps more politically polarized than ever.

  • With a population divided between those who love

  • and those who loath Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the current president of Turkey.

  • A man who has dominated the political scene

  • in this country for some 14 years.

  • All right, let's take role, now announcing three of the schools online this Friday.

  • From Westphalia, Missouri, please welcome the Bulldogs.

  • Thank you for watching form St. Joseph Catholic School.

  • Chiefess Kamakahelei Middle School,

  • is with us today, they're mascot the Pueo, their location

  • Lihue on the Hawaiian island of Kauai.

  • And crossing southwest in the Pacific Ocean

  • we come to Kincoppal- Rose Bay, Sydney, Australia,

  • is home to the School of the Sacred Heart.

  • At what age is the human brain fully developed?

  • It's probably older that you think.

  • Many experts say it's older than psychologists used to think.

  • While the legal age of adulthood in the U. S. is 18 years,

  • it seems the brain's ability to make well thought out decisions

  • may not be set until ten years after that.

  • And once it's there, you have to keep learning to keep it there.

  • Let's say this is the adolescent brain,

  • It grew to this size by around age five or six.

  • But that doesn't mean it's fully built.

  • Think of it instead like a house that's been framed

  • but now needs the interior insulated.

  • Our cells have a natural insulation called myelin.

  • Brain cells have to build it and that takes years.

  • In fact, the brain isn't fully myelinated and mature

  • until sometime in the late 20s.

  • And here is the thing, this maturation begins at the back of the brain

  • and moves forward with the very last part of the brain to be fully connected and functional,

  • being the frontal cortex.

  • The very part of our brain that is our voice of reason

  • where we control our impulses and risk taking behavior.

  • That develops last, even before puberty starts the preteen brain

  • is growing grey matter right here in the cortex.

  • That's at the highest rate since babyhood,

  • the cortex is where thought and memory are based.

  • That gives the preteen brain lots of synapses to use

  • or lose and lose they will, if they don't use it.

  • The brain makes itself more efficient by cutting off those pathways

  • that aren't being developed. So think about it,

  • if you're learning a new sport or a musical instrument,

  • your brain is gonna save and keep those abilities.

  • But if you're being a couch potato in front of the television, you get the idea.

  • Before we go, a magnificent merging of music, luminance and technology.

  • The players, 100 drones, people in machines to control them.

  • One serious orchestra, and space in the sky near the German city of Hamburg.

  • Computer sync the lights on the drones to the movement of the music.

  • Its set a Guinness world of record for most drones in the sky

  • at once and light up the night Beethoven never

  • would ever imagined when composing his fifth symphony.

  • Not hard to see the highs and low notes in that performance.

  • And if we can float a few ideas for next time,

  • they might consider WC's Claire de Drone,

  • Strauss's Blue Dronube, Bach's Brendroneburg concertos,

  • Brahm's Hungarian Drones or Mozart's magic flight,

  • we could drone on and on, that's CNN student news.

Friday's are guess what? Awesome I'm Carl Azuz

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January 15, 2016 - CNN Student News with subtitle

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