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  • Hi I'm Carl Azuz good to see you today and thank you

  • for taking ten minutes for CNN student news.

  • Jumping ride in quote he shall from time to time

  • give to the congress information of the State of the Union.

  • Article two, section three, of the US Constitution.

  • What's interesting about this is what it does not say.

  • The President doesn't have to give one every year at the same time,

  • it doesn't have to be televised, it doesn't have to be delivered in person,

  • the President could just send a written note to Congress.

  • A tradition started by President Jefferson.

  • So what's happening tonight in Obama's last State of the Union address

  • is one part constitution, many more parts tradition.

  • So what exactly is the point of the modern day State of the Union

  • and the opposing party's response? It's a report card, and it's a prognostication.

  • It is the President saying, this is what I would like to do in the coming year.

  • The State of the Union is essentially a homework assignment

  • from the framers of the constitution to every president who has lived ever since.

  • The constitution tells them that they periodically must tell Congress

  • how the country is doing if a president wants to lean

  • hard to one side or hard to the other side then,

  • you might see more political purpose in the State of the Union.

  • Although often, it's just a general sense of let's move this direction.

  • The whole thing is a huge pageant.

  • The President comes walking in escorted by members of the House and Senate.

  • The Sergeant of Arms announces him and everybody stands and cheers.

  • And there's quite a crowd there. Everyone has assigned seating.

  • Right behind the President you will find the Speaker of The U. S. House of Representatives

  • and the president of the Senate, which will be the Vice President of The United States.

  • And then the two parties generally, generally stay on there side of the isle,

  • although recently they started sitting with each other

  • to suggest that they can get along a little bit better than most of us think.

  • You typically have the Supreme Court there.

  • The Joint Chiefs of Staff are there representing the military.

  • And the First Lady will also be there,

  • usually with some sort of special guest in recent years

  • that will illustrate the point the President is making.

  • One of the coolest parts of the Presidential address

  • is always the missing Cabinet member and figuring out

  • who it's going to be. One member of the Cabinet

  • always has to be somewhere else in case something terrible happened.

  • So presumably you could have the Secretary of Agriculture,

  • sitting somewhere, thinking about hog futures.

  • And suddenly he's the President of the United States,

  • which would be a huge shock to him.

  • Since the 1960s the opposition has also issued a response,

  • and that is someone selected by the opposing party

  • to stand up and refute what the president said,

  • or say perhaps we have different ideas about how the government

  • should be conducting itself, and where we should be going in the coming year.

  • Love seeing you guys tour the CNN Center in Atlanta, Georgia.

  • If you're thinking of taking a field trip this spring,

  • there's a new option, the CNN Student News with Carl Azuz tour.

  • It's a VIP offering, it gives an in- depth journalistic journey

  • specifically focused on CNN Student News and it features moi.

  • Space is limited and you do need a reservation.

  • So for more info, please send an email to atltour @ cnn. com.

  • I hope to see you soon in person.

  • Up next today, according to the Centers for Disease Control

  • it's something that kills more than nine people in the US every day,

  • and injures more than 1100 nation- wide.

  • Car crashes when a distracted driver is reportedly involved.

  • Now, many people will hear that and think texting.

  • But distractions far simpler than messages can

  • keep the brain from focusing on the road.

  • We often take driving for granted until something goes wrong,

  • and then we think what were we thinking?

  • Driving involves your hands your feet your eyes your ears,

  • but it's the brain that controls the action.

  • In fact driving uses about 20 different parts of your brain,

  • and distracting even one of those from the job at hand can be dangerous.

  • Let me show you want I mean.

  • Everything you see while driving is handled here by the occipital lobe,

  • while the temporal lobe interprets the sounds that you hear.

  • So taking your eyes off the road or turning up the music

  • can really affect that input. See that was close.

  • Measuring distance between cars, changing lanes,

  • deciding on how to stop that's the job of the parietal lobe

  • it integrates data from all of your sense it's activated

  • when you switch your attention from one thing to another

  • but it too can be easily distracted.

  • For example just listening to someone talk

  • reduces the activity of the parietal lobe by nearly 40 %

  • that affects how you drive. While talking on a cell phone and driving

  • even with an ear piece. That was said by researchers to be a recipe

  • for disaster especially if you're turning into oncoming traffic.

  • I'll bet you're thinking, so if the brain needs to focus so much

  • why does driving seem so automatic?

  • Well it's because you've imprinted those motor skills in your brain

  • as part of procedural memory.

  • It's your brain on autopilot, it allows you to focus on the more important things,

  • like getting home safely.

  • It's time to test your geographic genius, what country's capital is Accra?

  • If you said Ghana, a nation in West Africa, you got it.

  • And we're glad to have the students of Ghana International School

  • watching CNN Student News.

  • Next, to Kickapoo, Illinois, it's where the Mustangs are roaming

  • at St. Mary's Catholic School.

  • And in Tennessee, in the City of Rockwood, you'll find The Tigers,

  • hello Rockwood High School. We often cross oceans in our roll call.

  • You're about to meet someone who does that in a row boat,

  • all alone in the open water.

  • Her 2011, Atlantic voyage spanned from the Canary Islands

  • off the coast of West Africa to the Caribbean Island of Barbados.

  • It doesn't always go well. On a recent attempt to solo from Japan to California

  • the Japanese Coast Guard rescued her 150 miles off the Japanese coast.

  • But those storms and a steering failure ended that voyage

  • her passion for adventure is still going strong.

  • Ocean rowing is the crossing of any ocean under self power.

  • At this point in time, many more people have climbed Everest than have actually rowed an ocean.

  • I think 500 people have rowed an ocean successfully.

  • It's a hard thing to say that somebody could just throw themselves

  • into it and accomplish a full ocean row safety, but anything is possible.

  • My name is Sonya Baumstein.

  • I am a professional adventurer,

  • and I'm also the owner of a company called Spindrift Rowing,

  • and we produce expedition ocean craft.

  • We're you on this type of boat for your solo crossing?

  • This is my boat. This is your boat? Yeah. I've spent three years of my life,

  • 6, 000 miles of open water, three seasons on the water, in this, this boat.

  • This carried 180 days worth of food for me.

  • And I still had room in the aft cabins.

  • I started preparing for Expedition Pacific,

  • which was to be my solo crossing of the North Pacific

  • from Japan to San Francisco. It's a really difficult thing to prepare for.

  • Do I know where I am? Do I have enough food? Do I have enough water?

  • How far away could a rescue be?

  • I love it because of the emotional roller coaster.

  • Getting through the initial depression of being alone is a really hard part.

  • The schedule is the hardest part of anything.

  • It is committing to what that's going to be and not thinking too far ahead.

  • So to be very present is a very difficult thing I think for anyone.

  • Typically I use music as a reward.

  • But there's so much to do on a boat constantly without

  • even thinking about I want to listen to music. It's only about surviving.

  • This is my onboard water maker.

  • It takes salt water turns it into fresh water.

  • This is a handheld GPS. If, for any reason, all of my systems are gone, I can use this.

  • The increase in speed that's come from boats is

  • very much dependent on having a carbon vessel.

  • They're just gonna be the lightest.

  • I think that the scope of adventuring is constantly changing

  • and it's shifting with our available resources.

  • And to say that there's one way to do an adventure is never going to be correct.

  • Well, speaking of the ocean, octopi

  • usually prefer to hang out in shallow waters around the world.

  • This one prefers Minnesota. It's an octsnowpus,

  • and it's the latest creation by three Minnesota brothers.

  • Who've made a name for themselves, sculpting sea creatures out of snow.

  • They're using it to raise money to provide clean drinking water in Haiti.

  • They say it took them 500 hours to shape the squid.

  • Their previous sculptures included a shark and a turtle.

  • Its good they didn't squid while they were ahead

  • we're not sure what gave them the inkling to make an octopus guess

  • they just thought it was something they ought to do

  • but when the snow begins it's a ice way to get the sephalaparty started.

  • I'm Carl Zeus for CNN CNN Student News.

Hi I'm Carl Azuz good to see you today and thank you

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January 12, 2016 - CNN Student News with subtitle

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