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  • This is CNN Student News. I'm Carl Azuz at the CNN Center,

  • starting with some breaking news from yesterday.

  • There was a mass shooting at a conference center in San Bernardino, California.

  • It's a city east of Los Angeles. Police say, quote, upwards of 14 people were killed,

  • and upwards of 14 more were injured.

  • Officials did not know yesterday if this was a terrorist attack.

  • Witnesses reported seeing three gunmen, who were believed to drive away in an SUV,

  • after the shooting. The CNN security analyst says that suggests the attack

  • was planned in advance. Teachers, cnn. com will have the latest details on this incident.

  • Next today, after the November 13th terrorist attacks in Paris,

  • France's government asked its allies to increase their military action against the ISIS terrorist group.

  • The governments of Britain and Germany are considering doing exactly that.

  • And the US is expanding its military involvement in Iraq. America is adding a new strike force

  • to the 3, 000 plus US troops who are currently in the Middle Eastern country.

  • After frequent White House denials that US troops would face

  • combat in Iraq and Syria, today the President is ordering dozens of US special forces

  • into combat roles involving direct action against ISIS.

  • These special operators will, over time be able to conduct raids, free hostages,

  • gather intelligence, and capture ISIL leaders.

  • The new expeditionary force will number in the dozens.

  • Those support forces will expand its total footprint to about 200.

  • This force in the operations, this force will conduct, will provide us with additional intelligence

  • that'll make our operations much more effective.

  • Part of their mission, raids like this one in northern Iraq in October.

  • A daring joint operation involving Kurdish commandos and the US Army's Delta Force,

  • to free these ISIS held prisoners.

  • Demonstrating the added danger of direct action, one Delta Force operator,

  • Master Sargent Joshua Wheeler, was killed.

  • This new deployment to Iraq is in addition to the 50 special forces

  • the US is already deploying on the ground in Syria.

  • It puts everybody on notice in Syria that you don't know

  • at night who's gonna be coming in the window.

  • And that's the sensation that we want all of ISIL's leadership and followers to have.

  • So it's an important capability.

  • The expanded US combat role comes in the aftermath of Paris

  • and as progress against ISIS on the battlefield has been halting.

  • Okay, now for something that blends history, journalism, science, media.

  • We're kicking off a two part series today

  • that looks at the past and potential future of communication as we know it.

  • Most changes in the way two people are able to reach each other

  • have been tied to and limited by the technology available to them.

  • Course, it's possible for us to speak to someone else live at virtually any other place on Earth.

  • What's next could be an illusion.

  • How we communicate, how we say hello,

  • how we stay in touch has changed dramatically.

  • Going back to the mid- 19th century,

  • it's been something of an epic story.

  • The telegram developed in 1844 by Samuel Morse, the inventor of the Morse code,

  • allowed us to stay in touch over long distance.

  • The first message read what hath God wrought? 1876 saw the telephone ring

  • for the first time invented by a Scotsman, Alexander Graham Bell.

  • The first words he uttered, Mister Watson, come here, I want to see you.

  • By 1960, we could talk to each other from anywhere on Earth

  • via satellite thanks to the Echo 1 satellite launched by NASA.

  • The first electronic message, or email, was sent in 1971 by Ray Tomlinson,

  • an American computer engineer. His message simply said QWERTYUIOP,

  • or the top ten letters on a keyboard. By 1973,

  • we had the first cellphone, developed by another American, Martin Cooper.

  • It was known as The Brick. But the great game changer came in 1991,

  • the World Wide Web, invented by a British computer scientist Tim Berners- Lee.

  • It led to everything we have today, Skype, Twitter, Facebook.

  • A new world of online communication.

  • So what can we expect next? Well, what better for inspiration than the movies.

  • Help me Obi One Kenobi. Everybody remembers the scene, Princess Leah sending

  • an SOS in the 1977 movie Star Wars. Well, a scientist in California

  • is absolutely convinced that we'll all be communicating just like this holographically, pretty soon.

  • David Fattal is a French- born physicist.

  • His field, controlling and manipulating light.

  • We've invented a new type of display, a holographic display

  • able to produce interactive holograms at the tip of your finger,

  • in the palm of your hand, for cellphones and for the future of this place.

  • Of course we associate holography, the art of making holograms with magic.

  • Most famously, the Victorian illusion known as Pepper's ghost,

  • conjured on stage using lights and mirrors. Fattal's discovery is fundamentally different.

  • The normal display you have a bunch of pixels.

  • That pixel will look the same whether you look at it from top, from the left, from the right, from any direction.

  • What we actually do is we actually manage to produce multiple views. The prototype today

  • has 64 different views. But what that allows us to do is not only perceive the scene in 3D,

  • meaning the depths, but also that lets you move your head above the display

  • or rotate the display in any directions and you'll see actually a round object

  • like it is in the real world. Initiating virtual crime scene reconstruction.

  • It's something that's been predicted in the movies for a while,

  • holographic displays in Iron Man, Prometheus, and of course Star Wars.

  • Help me, Obi- Wan Kenobi. You're my only hope. What's this?

  • Well, I was about to experience it for myself for the first time,

  • and crucially unlike the movies, no need for 3D glasses.

  • So here I am, a guinea pig, in an experiment I'd never thought I'd undertake.

  • On screen, to my right, the camera is mapping my face.

  • You can see my face mask, it's captured me.

  • And that's transferred to a holographic image in front of me.

  • In fact, I've been transferred, as you can see, into a rather handsome monkey.

  • And it picks up my gestures exactly. I can move my mouth here and there make,

  • wiggle my eye brows, kiss a bit. Sadly, the camera is limited.

  • Not as good as my eyes. Can only see me in 2D, but in reality, this looks like a real monkey.

  • The aim here is clear.

  • Communicating by hologram on our mobile phones,

  • talking to each other from the palm of one hand to another.

  • They also intend to develop the technology for playing games

  • and even navigating from A to B.

  • Fattal and this small young team are working creatively to this end here

  • in their so- called nano fabrication facility and are well aware they're not alone.

  • Samsung and Apple have actually filed or are filing patents in this field.

  • Do you still have the game? Yes. Obviously we think so.

  • If we thought Apple and Samsung were ahead of us, we wouldn't have a company.

  • So patents are one thing and then there's actually making things work as you saw. Right?

  • Making a prototype. It's how you see yourself.

  • I mean I'm thinking are you part David Blaine, part illusionist.

  • Serious scientist. How do you see yourself.

  • Yeah it's 99 % serious scientist and 1 % of an illusionist.

  • This is how I like to see myself.

  • All the schools on today's Roll Call segment made a request at cnnstudentnews. com.

  • From Southeast China, we heard from the city of DongGuan.

  • It's where you'll find the TLC International School.

  • In the city of River Falls, Wisconsin, hello to the Wildcats,

  • great to see you at Meyer Middle School.

  • And in northern Arkansas, good to see the Panthers today.

  • Yellville- Summit High School is in the city of Yellville.

  • Before we go, vanilla, candy canes, sugar cookies,

  • all smells typically associated with the Christmas season.

  • How about Texas BBQ sauce? How about infusing your home with the unmistakable

  • aroma of pigs in blankets? And if neither one of those works for you,

  • there's always cheesy cheese, as in dude, it smells like cheese in here! Yeah,

  • Merry Christmas. So do these alternative potato chip flavored options surpass sugarplums

  • and cinnamon? You'd have to follow your nose to see if it makes sense. But if you think it

  • pigs the season to be jolly. You've decked you halls with barbecued holly

  • and you're ready to trim your Christmas cheese, arranging some odoriferous ornamentation may not be more than you can candle.

  • I'm Carl Azuz for CNN Student News.

This is CNN Student News. I'm Carl Azuz at the CNN Center,

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December 3, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitle

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