Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles Time for school! And it's no surprise that many of us are determined to study smarter instead of longer. But which study tips and tricks actually work scientifically, and can help you get those perfect grades? First step, research shows that study sessions are most effective in small short chunks. Instead of cramming in a ten hour study session, it's much more effective to spread it out into twenty thirty-minutes sessions over a few weeks. This is because your brain is better at encoding information into the synapses in short repeated sessions as opposed to one large one. And this is why even learning different skills, whether it's swimming, tennis, or a singing lesson often follows the same format. And well, cramming and pulling all nighters may be a ritual, it turns out that this is linked to the lowest grades. After prolonged nocturnal study sessions, reasoning and memory may be negatively effected for up tp 4 whole days. Instead, setting up specific times in a day, or during the week, just to study primes your brain by creating a routine, and over time studying actually becomes easier, as your brain is trained to learn in those moments. And well, many of us spend hours passively rereading our notes or highlighting a textbook, studies have shown this to be ineffective. It doesn't improve your understanding of topics nor does it link key concepts together. It can even be detrimental, as it draws your attention to less important information. Flashcards, on the other hand, are proven to be excellent memory reinforcement tools. Whether, during your schedule study times, or during off times like a bus ride home. It also helps to have a specific goal for each study session. Instead of aimlessly studying, pick one aspect you're focused on. Whether it's balancing chemical equations or learning how to conjugate french verbs. If you can't explain it simply, then you don't understand it well enough. In studies where individuals were asked to learn a passage and then half were told they will be tested on the material while the other half were told they would have to teach it to other students participants expecting to teach it, did much better on understanding the main points. When you're expected to teach, your brain organizes the information in a more logical coherent structure. Of course, practice, practice, practice! Not only do practice tests for your brain in the environment but even if you make mistakes, they help identify gaps in your knowledge Practice test have also been shown to increase confidence, thereby leading to better performance. So where should you be studying ? Research shows that having a designated secret spot for study, that's well equipped with every tool you might need is best. Just like setting times, this primes your brain for studying. Have an awesome study playlist? Not so fast! Well, some studies have shown that certain types of classical music can help improve concentration. Our recent studies have shown that learning with rhythmic background noise can be detrimental to focus and those not using music, very much better. And if you haven't already, put away your phone! This is a no brainer. But your text and social media notifications severely decrease concentration. Of course, exams can be extremely stressful, so if you want some tips on how to deal with exam anxiety, check out our ASAP THOUGHT videos which breaks down some tips for that. Link in the description. And a big thank you to TD bank for sponsoring this video. If you're heading to campus this fall, click on the link below or visit td.com/student to see how TD can help you start school with a plan. We know how hard and tough it can be getting buried in books and bills and TD has some great solutions for you. Be sure to check it out. And subscribe for more weekly science videos.