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  • Terrorist acts have spread and increased over the last decade. In response, many

  • nations are increasing their military spending. Yet there are other some countries that

  • don’t have any military at all. The question is, who are these countries and how can they

  • afford to not have a military in these difficult times?

  • Well, there are currently twenty-three nations without an active military including

  • Costa Rica, Iceland, Panama and the Vatican. And there are many reasons for this.

  • Some of these countries gained independence from a larger nation and chose not to

  • create a military because of their relatively small size and lack of foreign enemies. Quite

  • simply, there isn’t enough land, resources or potential for conflict in those nations

  • to

  • mandate forming an army to protect themselves.---

  • Many of these countries have signed deals with other nations ensuring their security.

  • Some of these nations are being protected by former occupiers or their nearest

  • neighbors. Australia, for example, has agreed to help the island nations of Nauru and

  • Kiribati; Spain and France have a protection treaty with Andorra; and the United States

  • has defense pacts with the Marshall Islands, Micronesia and Palau.

  • Some nations chose to abolish their military due to high levels of corruption. Panama

  • for example dismantled their standing military after General Manuel Noriega was

  • arrested during an invasion by the United States, and convicted of drug trafficking,

  • racketeering and money laundering. They do however continue several para-military

  • forces.

  • Both Haiti and Costa Rica‘s militaries were disbanded for similar reasons. But again,

  • these countries receive some level of protection from outside sources. As of October

  • 2014 Haiti has over 7,200 U.N. troops and police in the country. Costa Rica has an

  • arrangement with the U.S. Coast Guard to help them combat the drug trade there.

  • Other countries have some sort of small military force be it a national police force or

  • coast guard, but these forces are not enough to constitute a standing army. Though

  • they sometimes participate in army like activities. Iceland for example, sent members

  • of their Crisis Response Unit on foreign peacekeeping missions to Sudan, Afghanistan

  • and Kosovo. But that does not make them a standing army. They have enough troops

  • to run their country peacefully, but not enough to run a war.

  • Many of these countries will remain demilitarized, primarily because forming a military

  • is expensive. Some countries will remain demilitarized for economic reasons. In 2012, global

  • military spending was 2.42% of GDP. For individual countries, this could mean millions of

  • dollars in savings. In fact Haiti’s President has proposed rebuilding their military, but

  • this would

  • come with a proposed price tag of $95 million dollars Plus, a reported 96% of Haitians polled

  • are against the idea.

  • Of course, there are countries all around the world who prioritize having the strongest

  • militaries in the world, check out our Strength of Nations Playlist. And please

  • subscribe. Thanks for watching.

Terrorist acts have spread and increased over the last decade. In response, many

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B1 INT US military costa costa rica rica haiti army

Which Countries Don't Have An Army?

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    羅紹桀   posted on 2015/10/29
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