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  • Hello. I would like to start my talk

  • with actually two questions, and the first one is:

  • How many people here actually eat pig meat?

  • Please raise your hand --

  • oh, that's a lot.

  • And how many people have actually seen

  • a live pig producing this meat?

  • In the last year?

  • In the Netherlands -- where I come from --

  • you actually never see a pig, which is really strange,

  • because, on a population of 16 million people,

  • we have 12 million pigs.

  • And well, of course, the Dutch can't eat all these pigs.

  • They eat about one-third, and the rest is exported

  • to all kinds of countries in Europe and the rest of the world.

  • A lot goes to the U.K., Germany.

  • And what I was curious about --

  • because historically, the whole pig would be used up until the last bit

  • so nothing would be wasted --

  • and I was curious to find out

  • if this was actually still the case.

  • And I spent about three years researching.

  • And I followed this one pig

  • with number "05049,"

  • all the way up until the end

  • and to what products it's made of.

  • And in these years, I met all kinds people

  • like, for instance, farmers and butchers, which seems logical.

  • But I also met aluminum mold makers,

  • ammunition producers

  • and all kinds of people.

  • And what was striking to me

  • is that the farmers actually had no clue

  • what was made of their pigs,

  • but the consumers -- as in us --

  • had also no idea

  • of the pigs being in all these products.

  • So what I did is,

  • I took all this research

  • and I made it into a -- well, basically it's a product catalog of this one pig,

  • and it carries a duplicate of his ear tag

  • on the back.

  • And it consists of seven chapters --

  • the chapters are skin, bones, meat, internal organs,

  • blood, fat and miscellaneous.

  • (Laughter)

  • In total,

  • they weigh 103.7 kilograms.

  • And to show you how often you actually

  • meet part of this pig in a regular day,

  • I want to show you some images of the book.

  • You probably start the day with a shower.

  • So, in soap, fatty acids

  • made from boiling pork bone fat

  • are used as a hardening agent,

  • but also for giving it a pearl-like effect.

  • Then if you look around you in the bathroom,

  • you see lots more products

  • like shampoo, conditioner,

  • anti-wrinkle cream, body lotion,

  • but also toothpaste.

  • Then, so, before breakfast,

  • you've already met the pig so many times.

  • Then, at breakfast, the pig that I followed,

  • the hairs off the pig or proteins from the hairs off the pig

  • were used as an improver of dough.

  • (Laughter)

  • Well, that's what the producer says: it's "improving the dough,

  • of course."

  • In low-fat butter, or actually in many low-fat products,

  • when you take the fat out, you actually take the taste and the texture out.

  • So what they do is they put gelatin back in,

  • in order to retain the texture.

  • Well, when you're off to work, under the road or under the buildings that you see,

  • there might very well be cellular concrete,

  • which is a very light kind of concrete

  • that's actually got proteins from bones inside

  • and it's also fully reusable.

  • In the train brakes -- at least in the German train brakes --

  • there's this part of the brake

  • that's made of bone ash.

  • And in cheesecake and all kinds of desserts,

  • like chocolate mousse, tiramisu, vanilla pudding,

  • everything that's cooled in the supermarket,

  • there's gelatin to make it look good.

  • Fine bone china -- this is a real classic.

  • Of course, the bone in fine-bone china

  • gives it its translucency

  • and also its strength,

  • in order to make these really fine shapes,

  • like this deer.

  • In interior decorating, the pig's actually quite there.

  • It's used in paint for the texture,

  • but also for the glossiness.

  • In sandpaper, bone glue

  • is actually the glue between the sand and the paper.

  • And then in paintbrushes,

  • hairs are used because, apparently, they're very suitable for making paintbrushes

  • because of their hard-wearing nature.

  • I was not planning on showing you any meat

  • because, of course, half the book's meat

  • and you probably all know what meats they are.

  • But I didn't want you to miss out on this one,

  • because this, well, it's called "portion-controlled meat cuts."

  • And this is actually sold

  • in the frozen area of the supermarket.

  • And what it is -- it's actually steak.

  • So, this is sold as cow,

  • but what happens when you slaughter a cow --

  • at least in industrial factory farming --

  • they have all these little bits of steak left

  • that they can't actually sell as steak,

  • so what they do is they glue them all together

  • with fibrin from pig blood

  • into this really large sausage,

  • then freeze the sausage, cut it in little slices

  • and sell those as steak again.

  • And this also actually happens with tuna and scallops.

  • So, with the steak, you might drink a beer.

  • In the brewing process, there's lots of cloudy elements in the beer,

  • so to get rid of these cloudy elements,

  • what some companies do

  • is they pour the beer through a sort of gelatin sieve

  • in order to get rid of that cloudiness.

  • This actually also goes for wine as well as fruit juice.

  • There's actually a company in Greece

  • that produces these cigarettes

  • that actually contain hemoglobin from pigs in the filter.

  • And according to them,

  • this creates an artificial lung in the filter.

  • (Laughter)

  • So, this is actually a healthier cigarette.

  • (Laughter)

  • Injectable collagen -- or, since the '70s, collagen from pigs --

  • has been used for injecting into wrinkles.

  • And the reason for this is that pigs are actually quite close to human beings,

  • so the collagen is as well.

  • Well, this must be the strangest thing I found.

  • This is a bullet coming from

  • a very large ammunition company in the United States.

  • And while I was making the book,

  • I contacted all the producers of products

  • because I wanted them to send me the real samples

  • and the real specimens.

  • So I sent this company an email

  • saying, "Hello. I'm Christien. I'm doing this research.

  • And can you send me a bullet?"

  • (Laughter)

  • And well, I didn't expect them to even answer my email.

  • But they answered

  • and they said, "Why, thank you for your email. What an interesting story.

  • Are you in anyway related to the Dutch government?"

  • I thought that was really weird,

  • as if the Dutch government sends emails to anyone.

  • (Laughter)

  • So, the most beautiful thing I found --

  • at least what I think is the most beautiful -- in the book, is this heart valve.

  • It's actually a very low-tech

  • and very high-tech product at the same time.

  • The low-tech bit is that it's literally a pig's heart valve

  • mounted in the high-tech bit,

  • which is a memory metal casing.

  • And what happens is this can be implanted into a human heart

  • without open heart surgery.

  • And once it's in the right spot,

  • they remove the outer shell,

  • and the heart valve, well, it gets this shape

  • and at that moment it starts beating, instantly.

  • It's really a sort of magical moment.

  • So this is actually a Dutch company,

  • so I called them up, and I asked,

  • "Can I borrow a heart valve from you?"

  • And the makers of this thing were really enthusiastic.

  • So they were like, "Okay, we'll put it in a jar for you with formalin,

  • and you can borrow it."

  • Great -- and then I didn't hear from them for weeks,

  • so I called,

  • and I asked, "What's going on with the heart valve?"

  • And they said, "Well the director of the company

  • decided not to let you borrow this heart valve,

  • because want his product

  • to be associated with pigs."

  • (Laughter)

  • Well, the last product from the book that I'm showing you is renewable energy --

  • actually, to show that my first question,

  • if pigs are still used up until the last bit, was still true.

  • Well it is, because everything that can't be used for anything else

  • is made into a fuel

  • that can be used as renewable energy source.

  • In total, I found 185 products.

  • And what they showed me

  • is that, well, firstly,

  • it's at least to say odd

  • that we don't treat these pigs

  • as absolute kings and queens.

  • And the second, is that we actually don't have a clue

  • of what all these products that surround us are made of.

  • And you might think I'm very fond of pigs,

  • but actually -- well, I am a little bit --

  • but I'm more fond

  • of raw materials in general.

  • And I think that, in order to take better care

  • of what's behind our products --

  • so, the livestock, the crops, the plants,

  • the non-renewable materials,

  • but also the people that produce these products --

  • the first step would actually be to know that they are there.

  • Thank you very much.

  • (Applause)

Hello. I would like to start my talk

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B1 TED pig valve steak bone meat

【TED】Christien Meindertsma: How pig parts make the world turn (Christien Meindertsma: How pig parts make the world turn)

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    Jason Chang posted on 2015/10/13
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