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  • It`s Constitution Day in America,

  • coverage of the event in the constitutional quiz

  • are just minutes away on Student News.

  • You`re going to love it. I`m Carl Azuz.

  • First up today, police chanting "please go back."

  • Demonstrators chanting, "Open the door."

  • It was a chaotic scene yesterday at the border of Serbia

  • and Hungary with migrants and refugees trying to get into Hungary.

  • It`s become the prime gateway into Western Europe

  • in the continent`s most severe refugee crisis since World War Two.

  • Hungary is one of several European countries trying to control their borders.

  • There are hundreds of thousands of people fleeing terrorism,

  • warfare and poverty in the Middle East and North Africa.

  • The European leaders are struggling with the challenges

  • of where the refugees and migrants should go,

  • how to pay for the influx of people,

  • and concerns about terrorists crossing borders with them.

  • CNN's Ben Wedeman was at a Hungarian border yesterday when trouble broke out.

  • We were up on the gate that separates Serbia and Hungary.

  • And of course there's been a tense standoff for several hours

  • there as people were pushing at the gate

  • to try to get it to come down so they could go into Hungary.

  • Now, after a little while, and it's still going on now,

  • people are throwing bottles and apples and other objects

  • in the direction of the Hungarian special terrorism police, riot police.

  • And afterwards they fired back with tear gas,

  • and you can see a water cannon is now being fired as well,

  • and of course among the crowd, there are many children,

  • many women who are very close to that area.

  • So there a lot of people who were overcome with this tear gas,

  • which is quite strong.

  • And of course we've heard them all day chanting at the gate,

  • open the door, open the door,

  • and as far as Hungarian authorities go,

  • that's simply not going to happen.

  • Up next today, report card for American fast food restaurants.

  • They were graded on whether their meat suppliers use antibiotics on animals.

  • The US Food and Drug Administration

  • approves the use of antibiotics in the food supply.

  • Supporters say it keep our food supply safer,

  • decreasing the chances that people will be exposed to bacteria from meat.

  • Critics say the practice makes bacteria more resistant to antibiotics,

  • meaning infections could become harder to treat when we catch them.

  • With more Americans dining out than ever, a group of health,

  • environmental and consumer interest organizations

  • gave an A to Chipotle and Panera Bread companies.

  • The report says they're the only two fast casual restaurants

  • that say most of their meat is raised without the regular use of antibiotics.

  • Chick- fil- A got a B.

  • It says it's in the process of going antibiotic- free.

  • McDonalds and Dunkin Donuts got Cs,

  • and restaurants that failed included Starbucks,

  • Papa John's, Domino's, Taco Bell, Wendy's, Subway.

  • An article with the complete list

  • is featured in our Extra Credit Resources at cnnstudentnews. com.

  • Time for the Shoutout.

  • Two people who signed the US Constitution later became presidents.

  • Who were they? If you think you know it, shout it out.

  • Was it A, John Adams and James Madison,

  • George Washington and Thomas Jefferson,

  • C, George Washington and James Madison,

  • or D, Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson?

  • You've got three seconds. Go!

  • The two signers of the Constitution

  • who would become presidents were George Washington and James Madison.

  • That's your answer, and that's your Shoutout.

  • It was on this date back in 1787

  • that 39 plus a secretary signed the US Constitution.

  • What Constitution Day does is commemorate the event

  • and the document that defined fundamental law in America.

  • Okay, you knew that.

  • Let's see what else you know about the document

  • in our official CNN Student News Constitution Day Quiz.

  • It's Constitution Day. On this date in 1787,

  • 39 delegates to the Constitutional Convention

  • signed the document that today is the oldest written constitution

  • still in use by any government.

  • We're finding out how much you know about the US Constitution,

  • starting with some fun true or false questions.

  • All right, number one.

  • The word democracy appears in Article 1 of the US Constitution.

  • Answer, false.

  • The word democracy doesn't actually appear anywhere in the document.

  • Next, Benjamin Franklin was the oldest person to sign the constitution.

  • This is true. He was 81 and in declining health,

  • so he needed someone to help him sign it.

  • And it's said that as he did, tears were streaming down his face.

  • Three, some delegates to the Convention refused to sign the Constitution.

  • Answer, true. Of the six delegates who did not sign, three of them,

  • Edmund Randolph and George Mason of Virginia,

  • and Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts Refused to do so,

  • partly because the Constitution didn't have a Bill of Rights.

  • Those amendments guaranteeing individual liberties

  • were proposed two years later.

  • Since the ratification of the Bill of Rights in 1791,

  • how many additional amendments have been added to the Constitution?

  • Is the answer 7, 10, 12, or 17? If you said D, 17, you got it.

  • The last amendment, the 27th,

  • says that a pay raise for members of Congress

  • cannot take effect until after an election.

  • Now which branch of the US government is mentioned first

  • in the Constitution? Is it the legislative, judicial or executive?

  • Answer, A, the legislative branch's powers

  • are laid out in Article 1 of the Constitution.

  • This is the branch that includes the House

  • of Representatives and the Senate,

  • and is charged with making the laws that govern the country.

  • Finally, where can you find the original copy of the Constitution?

  • Is it in Fort Knox, Kentucky, the Library of Congress,

  • the Smithsonian Institution, or the National Archives? Answer? D.

  • The National Archives Building in Washington DC.

  • To preserve the quality of the document,

  • it is kept at 67 degrees Fahrenheit and 40 % humidity.

  • And you can say that fascinating fact constitutes our Constitution Day quiz.

  • From yesterday's transcript page at CNNStudentNews. com,

  • a fitting mascot leads off our Constitution Day roll call, the Senators.

  • We elected to feature Dover High School today, it's in Dover, Delaware.

  • Out west now to Idaho, Moscow, Idaho.

  • It's the home of the Cubs who are watching at Moscow Middle School.

  • And from the capital of Saudi Arabia,

  • we heard from the International School of Riyadh.

  • Good to have you watching this Thursday.

  • Thanks to a non- profit organization called Our House,

  • more than 350 young men from the Washington,

  • DC area are getting a second chance.

  • The program began more than 20 years ago, teaching them,

  • literally, tools of the trade.

  • The man who started it is today's Character Study.

  • When I was a special ed teacher,

  • I taught carpentry to high risk kids.

  • During the day time they would catch on, you'd see that spark.

  • Then they go home at night time, it would get erased.

  • The tears you would see, the anguish they would go through,

  • I saw a real need, and that's when the idea hit me, don't let them go home.

  • The morning meal is now being served.

  • We provide- >> Gentlemen, good morning.

  • Residential setting for young men.

  • Ready for a rip roaring day of work?

  • During the day they learn trades. What I'd like to do-

  • And at night time they get their high school education.

  • We take on a lot of tough cases, from foster care, to the court system.

  • Go ahead, you wanna try it? >> I'm impressed, yeah.

  • The emotional support that we get is critical. >> I worked hard on it.

  • Whoa, good job! The grounds are wide open,

  • fields, trees, chickens, animals, it is not a lock up.

  • Hunter, what does this one read?

  • This facility becomes a home to many of them.

  • When they leave, we try to help them find a job and a place to live.

  • And anything that they need, we make sure they have.

  • The program changed my life in every way.

  • I'm currently enrolled in college.

  • I feel like I've gone from the bottom to the top.

  • Benny gave me the tools to build my future.

  • I decided to come back and work with youth

  • just like other people worked with me.

  • I don't wanna see any more kids fall through the cracks.

  • If I can give them an opportunity to turn their lives around,

  • to step forward, that's my life's work.

  • Who would be impressed to hear

  • that one of NASA's latest rovers for exploring space is a hedgehog?

  • Okay, it's actually a cube named Hedgehog, but check it.

  • This thing can bounce. It's got three wheels,

  • but they're flywheels and they're on the inside,

  • so if it flips over or lands at an odd angle, it wouldn't get stuck.

  • NASA says Hedgehogs are relatively inexpensive,

  • but getting them to a Martian moon, for example,

  • could end up costing $ 250 million.

  • Which could hedge- hog a significant part of that budget,

  • though some might call it a square deal.

  • You can't really say the project's rolling forward, it's more of a hop,

  • skip, and a jump away. Its movement, like its usefulness,

  • kind of a hedge- podge. We're back tomorrow. Be there or be.

It`s Constitution Day in America,

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