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  • Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. We're going to start and end this lesson with a short quiz

  • to see where you are before, and where you are after. All right? Let's get started.

  • So, which of these verbs is correct to use in these sentence? In these sentences?

  • Do we say: "Economics is very important." or do we say: "Economics are very important."

  • Okay? Well, we say: "Economics is very important." You'll understand why in a few minutes.

  • The next one: "The children is asleep." or: "The children are asleep." Which one is correct?

  • It should be: "The children are asleep." Okay? Again, you'll understand why.

  • Last one: "The fish is very beautiful." or: "The fish are very beautiful." Which is correct?

  • Well, that's a good question, because actually, both are correct. It depends if you're talking

  • about one fish or whether you're talking about many fish. And you'll understand that also, as soon as we go on.

  • So, we could say: "The fish is very beautiful." We could say:

  • "The fish are very beautiful." I'll explain.

  • So, in this lesson today, we're going to be talking about irregular plural nouns,

  • which is an area which is... Which causes a lot of confusion for many students. Many grammar

  • errors are because of this issue, so it's really good that you're watching

  • so you won't make this kind of mistake.

  • So let's look at what the problem areas are. The problem is that normally, when we have

  • a singular word... Right? So if we say: "the chair," then we use a singular verb. Right?

  • "The chair is." so that... When that happens, when we use the right noun with the right

  • verb, then that's called subject-verb agreement. "That chair is in the room."

  • But we say, if it's plural: "The chairs are in the room." Correct? So this was singular, singular; plural, plural.

  • That's the normal way. And most of the time, that's absolutely fine. However,

  • the reason why students get confused is because, unfortunately in English, we also have irregular nouns,

  • which don't follow those rules and they follow separate rules. But you can understand

  • it because we can group them in certain categories to help you understand them.

  • So, first of all, we have irregular singular nouns. So these are confusing a little bit

  • because they end with "s," but they are singular. They should be singular. So, for example,

  • we say: "Politics is." "The news is good." "Mathematics is difficult for some students."

  • "Ethics is very important in life." Okay? So don't get fooled by the fact that there is an "s"

  • there as part of the noun. Okay? It's still singular.

  • So there's one category of irregular singular nouns.

  • Next one: irregular plural nouns. Here, there is no "s," but it's plural. "Children are."

  • "The mice are." "My feet are hurting." "The men are." "The women are." "My teeth are."

  • "The geese are." Okay? So here, what was confusing is that there's no "s,"

  • and yet, the answer is that the correct verb to use is that it's... Is "are." Right? Is the plural verb. So that's

  • the irregular plural nouns.

  • And then last, we have a category which can be even more confusing, but luckily

  • there's not too many examples in this category, and these are the irregular unchanging nouns.

  • What does that mean? That means that whether you have one fish or two fish, you still say:

  • "Fish." Okay? Generally speaking, that's what you can keep in mind. The same with "deer,"

  • and "sheep," and "moose." "One moose, two moose." You're probably not very likely to

  • talk so much about moose, but that's how it is.

  • So if you're, say... If you're talking about one fish, or one deer, or one sheep, or one

  • moose, you can say: "The deer is very beautiful." But if you're talking about many deer,

  • you can still say: "The deer are very beautiful." Okay? Depends if you're talking about one

  • or more than one. So in this case, the noun is unchanging, so that's what causes a little bit of confusion in this category,

  • because you could use either one, but you still have to use the right one.

  • Because if you're talking about more than one, you have to make sure

  • you use the plural verb; if you're talking about one, you use one... You use the singular one.

  • In a second, we'll do a really short quiz to see how well you've learned this.

  • So let's do number one. "Those fish is very colorful." or: "Those fish are very colorful."

  • Okay? Now, here it's a little bit confusing because I'm saying: "fish," and if you remember correctly,

  • "fish" was one of those categories which was unchanging, irregular unchanging.

  • But there is a clue here to tell you which verb to use, and that clue is here in the word: "those."

  • "Those" by itself is a plural word, so we know that we're talking about many fish.

  • And so if we're talking about many fish, the correct verb to use is "are." "Those

  • fish are very colorful." If it said: "That fish," then we could say: "That fish is very colorful."

  • Next one: "My teeth is hurting." or: "My teeth are hurting." Which is correct?

  • It should be: "My teeth are hurting." Okay?

  • Next: "Physics is fascinating." or: "Physics are fascinating." Which is right?

  • "Physics is fascinating."

  • "The news is so shocking!" or: "The news are so shocking!" Think about it.

  • "The news is so shocking!"

  • "That deer is so graceful." or: "That deer are so graceful."

  • Okay? Again, you have an unchanging noun, but you have a clue in the word "that."

  • "That" is singular, so we have to say: "That deer is so graceful."

  • Next one: "The women is outside." or: "The women are outside." Which is correct?

  • It should be: "The women are outside." Okay?

  • Now, if you didn't get all of these right, it means you need to practice some more, so

  • please go to our website: www.engvid.com. There you can do a quiz on this,

  • perhaps you could watch the lesson again, and really master this area because these three categories,

  • once you master them, you'll eliminate lots of mistakes that you might make in English grammar. Okay?

  • Thanks very much for watching, and good luck with your English.

Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid. We're going to start and end this lesson with a short quiz

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B1 UK fish singular plural deer irregular moose

Common English Grammar Errors with Plurals

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    何社工 posted on 2016/01/04
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