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  • Hi, my name is Peter aka GP and this is the fourth episode of my fingerstyle series

  • called Fingerstyle 101. In the previous lesson we learned how to spice up your

  • playing by adding some kind of rhythm to our playing

  • and this time we'll take a look at harmonics. So grab your guitar and let's get into this!

  • A guitar harmonic is a musical note played by

  • preventing the vibration of certain overtones of a string.

  • Using harmonics is a great way to get very high-pitch notes

  • which are difficult or impossible to reach by normal notes.

  • Harmonics also produce a different sound quality

  • than fretted notes and for this reason they are a great tool to widen musical variety.

  • Basically, there are three types of guitar harmonics:

  • natural harmonics, slap harmonics and harp harmonics.

  • We'll take a look at all of them.

  • Natural harmonics are probably the most common kind of harmonics used in fingerstyle.

  • This might be because it's probably the easiest form of the three.

  • Alright, so you can make natural harmonics at the

  • 5th, 7th and 12th fret.

  • However, it's the easiest at the 12th fret,

  • so let's practice there. Now what you want to do is

  • lightly place one of your left-hand fingers over

  • the 12th fret, let's take the G string for example.

  • So place your

  • first finger or second finger on the G string

  • at the to 12th fret - just lightly

  • touch the string. Remember, it's not a normal note so

  • you don't have to apply too much pressure, just

  • touch the string. Right, so now at

  • second to pick the string with your right hand

  • you immediately lift your left-hand finger up

  • the one that was touching the string

  • and it sounds like this.

  • You'll hear the difference between harmonic

  • and a normal note.

  • So this is how its done, if you get to hang of it

  • move on to the 7th fret

  • and to the 5th fret

  • You'll see that it's harder to make harmonics there.

  • So that's how you produce natural harmonics.

  • Similarly to natural harmonics you can also

  • make slap harmonics at the 5th,

  • 7th and 12th frets.

  • Although instead of picking the string you just slap on them.

  • First thing to point out is that it's done with your right hand

  • so it only requires one of your hands.

  • However, moving your hand from the soundhole to the desired fret

  • can be quite tricky, especially if you're playing a fast-paced song,

  • but it can be handled. Second thing I'd like to

  • mention is that this way you'll get multiple notes

  • due to slapping multiple strings.

  • So while it's possible to get a natural harmonic note on one string only,

  • you won't be able to do that with slap harmonics.

  • So here's how it sounds like.

  • Alright, so take your right-hand index finger and simply hit the strings

  • at the 12th fret.

  • You can also slap with your middle finger, or with both of them -

  • it's a matter of personal taste, feel free to experiment with that.

  • I personally use my index finger.

  • So yeah, just slap on the strings. You'll feel how hard you have to hit

  • to actually get harmonics. Also make sure to hit one the fret,

  • or as close as possible,

  • because otherwise you won't get harmonics.

  • Also you can turn your hand around a bit

  • to get a more precise slap, like this.

  • Then again, it's not mandatory, just experiment with

  • and if you feel like it suits you more then do it.

  • So yeah, once you mastered this technique, move on to the

  • 7th, 5th frets.

  • Watching covers on YouTube, this one seems to be the

  • least used kind of harmonics - maybe because it's the hardest

  • (well at least it is my opinion)

  • maybe because it's less known or maybe because people don't feel the

  • need to put them

  • in their arrangements. Who knows? I'm gonna explain it anyway so you can use it aswell.

  • The first thing I'd like to mention about this technique that

  • unlike the previous two, now you're not limited to the

  • 5th, 7th and 12th frets only,

  • but you can use it at any fret. Basically, what you want to do is

  • hold down a note with one of your left-hand fingers.

  • Let's hold down the G string at the first fret

  • for example and move your right hand

  • 12th frets further. So in this

  • example we're holding down the string at the

  • 1st fret, so let's move your right hand over the

  • 13th fret. Now you have to lightly touch the string with your index finger

  • like this and you pick the string with your thumb.

  • And just like you make a natural harmonic, you immediately lift your

  • index finger up after picking the string with your thumb.

  • Like this.

  • So that's how it's done, remember, there are always

  • 12 frets between your left and your right hand, so if you're holding down the string

  • at the 2nd fret, your right hand goes over the 14th fret

  • and if you're holding down the

  • string at the 5th fret, your right hand goes over

  • the 17th fret.

  • You can also use it and open strings,

  • just move your right hand over the 12th fret.

  • You can also take chords and make

  • harmonics, for example take an A major chord

  • and simply go string-by-string, like this.

  • So that was the fourth lesson of

  • Fingerstyle 101, I hope it was helpful. In the next episode I'll share some tips

  • with you on how to improve your playing. If you have any questions, suggestions or requests

  • for the upcoming lessons, feel free to leave a comment below,

  • send me a private message or contact me on Facebook.

  • Thanks for watching, see you next time.

Hi, my name is Peter aka GP and this is the fourth episode of my fingerstyle series

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B2 UK fret string finger fingerstyle harmonic index finger

[Tutorial]Fingerstyle 101 - Lesson 4: Harmonics | Tutorial by Peter Gergely

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