Placeholder Image

Subtitles section Play video

  • Neil: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil...

  • Catherine: and I'm Catherine. Hello.

  • Neil: Hello, Catherine!

  • I want to know, what sort of things make you feel angry?

  • Catherine: Many things make me feel angry, Neil.

  • But one thing that makes me regularly angry is when people put the wrong rubbish in the wrong bins.

  • Neil: Yes, that makes me angry too.

  • Catherine: Does it?

  • Neil: It's not very thoughtful, is it?

  • Catherine: Not really, no.

  • Neil: So, you may feel angry about people putting rubbish in the wrong bin but do you get aggressive?

  • That's behaving in an angry way,

  • looking like you want to argue or even fight with someone?

  • Catherine: No. I don't really get aggressive about wheelie bins, to be honest.

  • Neil: Well I tend to control my anger too

  • and keep calm but I have been known to react

  • especially if someone is damaging some of my property.

  • Catherine: Wow. Really?

  • Neil: Yeah. I can't stand it.

  • It comes out of the blue

  • it's completely unexpected.

  • But I'm glad to say I feel quite calm today.

  • Catherine: I'm glad to hear it, Neil.

  • But today we are talking about aggression

  • and we'll look at what we can learn about human aggression

  • by some examples from the animal kingdom.

  • Neil: That's right.

  • Now, are you ready to answer today's quiz question, Catherine?

  • Catherine: In a very calm and non-aggressive way,

  • I would like you to give me the question.

  • Neil: When attacked, what does a baboon typically do to show aggression?

  • Does it... a) beat its chest

  • b) yawn and show its teeth

  • or c) laugh and roll on the ground

  • Catherine: Well... I'd love to think of an angry baboon laughing and rolling on the ground.

  • But I'm going to go for b) yawn and show its teeth.

  • Neil: OK. Well, we'll see if you right or wrong a bit later on.

  • Now, Catherine, how do you usually act when you're angry or upset about something?

  • Catherine: I generally let people know how I feel to be honest.

  • I don't go over the top and hit people, but also I don't sulk about things.

  • And sulk means when you refuse to smile

  • or speak because you want to let people know you are upset about something.

  • Neil: Sulking is quite childish, isn't it Catherine?

  • Catherine: It is. Are you a sulker, Neil?

  • Neil: I don't sulk, I don't think.

  • But as I said I don't often get angry.

  • I'm a very well balanced and grounded person, Catherine.

  • Catherine: Really, very good. I'm pleased to hear it, Neil.

  • Anyway, well balanced means sensible and in control of your emotions.

  • And grounded means mentally and emotionally stable.

  • Is that what you're saying, Neil?

  • Neil: Yes, that's me.

  • let's listen to Professor Simon Underdown talking about human behaviour.

  • Can you spot a phrase that means 'the opposite side to an idea'?

  • Simon Underdown: One of the things humans are incredibly good at doing is being psychologists.

  • We'e very good at reading situations that we find ourselves in [...]

  • We're extremely good at picking up on signals.

  • What we can then do is trigger the appropriate response.

  • If it's an empathetic response we may well need to then be sympathetic,

  • we maybe need to show our sort of fluffy side if you want.

  • But on the flipside from an evolutionary point of view the reason we are so successful

  • and we're still here is because we can,

  • and when we need to, react aggressively to situations.

  • Neil: Did you spot the phrase?

  • Flipside means the opposite side of an idea.

  • And being aggressive is the flipside of being fluffy and sympathetic.

  • Catherine: Fluffy, by the way, is an adjective we often use to describe soft animal fur

  • or feathers on young animals or soft toys for children.

  • But here fluffy means behaviour that is soft

  • and unthreatening so it's the opposite of aggressive.

  • Neil: And if you are empathetic you are able to share or understand another person's feelings.

  • That sounds like me!

  • I'm an excellent empathizer, aren't I, Catherine?

  • Catherine: Neil, you are absolutely totally full of ... empathy.

  • Neil: Nice pause.

  • Catherine: Thank you.

  • Neil: Now, Simon also talks about humans being good at reading situations.

  • What does that mean, Catherine?

  • Catherine: It means understanding what's going on.

  • For example, if a male gorilla is screaming and breaking branches,

  • other gorillas will probably see this as a show of aggression.

  • Neil: The male gorilla screams and breaks branches,

  • signalling to the other gorillas that he's angry or upset.

  • Signal here means a noise

  • or a movement that gives someone information.

  • Catherine: And the male gorilla's signal triggers a response from the other gorillas.

  • This means one thing causes another thing to happen.

  • Neil: And when a man suddenly punches another man in the face,

  • what signal does that send?

  • Catherine: Well, I think for me that would be a signal to leave!

  • Neil: Yes. Quickly.

  • Catherine: Yes, indeed.

  • And humans usually give signals just like the gorillas do,

  • before they start a fight.

  • So people might shout, or gesture with their arms.

  • And a gesture is a movement made with arms

  • or head to give someone else information.

  • Now then, Neil.

  • Let's have our quiz question answer please.

  • Neil: OK, OK, stop waving your arms around.

  • So I asked:

  • When attacked, what does a baboon typically do to show aggression?

  • Does it...a) beat its chest?

  • b) yawn and show its teeth?

  • or c) laugh and roll on the ground?

  • Catherine: And I said b).

  • Neil: That's right. Well done!

  • Now let's hear today's words once again.

  • Catherine: They are:

  • out of the blue

  • aggressive

  • sulk

  • well balanced

  • grounded

  • flipside

  • fluffy

  • empathetic

  • reading situations

  • signal

  • triggers a response

  • gesture

  • Neil: Well, that's the end of today's 6 Minute English.

  • Check out more programmes at bbclearningenglish.com.

  • Join us again soon.

  • Both: Bye.

Neil: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil...

Subtitles and vocabulary

Operation of videos Adjust the video here to display the subtitles

B1 UK TOEIC catherine angry aggression aggressive fluffy

BBC 6 Minute English June 04, 2015 - Is Aggression Useful? (Subtitle not corrected yet)

  • 4042 146
    Adam Huang posted on 2015/06/06
Video vocabulary