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  • Three reasons why we should stop using nuclear energy.

  • One: nuclear weapons proliferation.

  • Nuclear technology made a violent entrance onto the world stage:

  • just one year after the world’s first ever nuclear test explosion in 1944,

  • two large cities were destroyed by just two single bombs.

  • After that, reactor technology slowly evolved

  • as a means of generating electricity,

  • but it’s always been intimately connected with nuclear weapons technology.

  • It’s nearly impossible to develop nuclear weapons

  • without access to reactor technology.

  • In fact, the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty serves the purpose of

  • spreading nuclear reactor technology without spreading nuclear weapons

  • with limited success.

  • In 40 years, five countries have developed their own weapons

  • with the help of reactor technology.

  • The fact of the matter is that it can be very hard to distinguish

  • a covert nuclear weapons program from the peaceful use of nuclear energy.

  • In the 1970s, the big nuclear powers were happily selling peaceful technology

  • to smaller countries, which then developed weapons of their own.

  • The road to deadly nuclear weapons is always paved with peaceful reactors.

  • Two: nuclear waste and pollution.

  • Spent nuclear fuel is not only radioactive, but also contains

  • extremely poisonous chemical elements like plutonium.

  • It loses its harmfulness only slowly over several tens of thousands of years.

  • And there is also a process called reprocessing, which means

  • the extraction of plutonium from spent nuclear fuel.

  • It can be used for two purposes:

  • to build nuclear weapons or to use it as new fuel.

  • But hardly any of it is used as fuel, because we don’t have

  • the right kind of reactors for that.

  • A milligram will kill you; a few kilograms make an atomic bomb; and even

  • an inconspicuous country like Germany literally has tons of the stuff

  • just lying around, because reprocessing sounded like a good idea decades ago.

  • And where will all the waste go?

  • After dumping it into the ocean was forbidden, weve tried to bury it

  • but we can’t find a place where it will definitely stay secure

  • for tens of thousands of years.

  • Over 30 countries operate nearly 400 reactors, managing

  • several hundred thousands of tons of nuclear waste

  • and only one is currently serious about opening

  • a permanent civilian waste storage: tiny Finland.

  • Three: accidents and disasters.

  • Over 60 years of nuclear power usage, there have been seven major accidents

  • in reactors or facilities dealing with nuclear waste.

  • Three of those were mostly contained, but four of them released significant

  • amounts of radioactivity into the environment.

  • In 1957, 1987, and 2011, large areas of land in Russia, Ukraine, and Japan

  • were rendered unfit for human habitation for decades to come.

  • The number of deaths is highly disputed, but probably lies in the thousands.

  • These disasters happened with nuclear reactors of very different types,

  • in very different countries, and several decades apart.

  • Looking at the numbers, we may as well ask ourselves,

  • Are 10% of the world’s energy supply

  • worth a devastating disaster every 30 years?

  • Would 30% be worth another Fukushima or Chernobyl

  • somewhere on Earth every 10 years?

  • What area would have to be contaminated so we sayno more’?

  • Where is the line?”

  • So, should we use nuclear energy?

  • The risks may outweigh the benefits, and maybe we should

  • stop looking into this direction and drop this technology for good.

  • If you want to hear the other side of the argument

  • or a short introduction to nuclear energy, click here.

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  • Producing our videos takes a lot of time,

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  • For a really entertaining book, we recommend

  • Into Thin Airby Jon Krakauer.

  • He’s a great writer, and the story is really absorbing and true.

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  • and to you for watching!

  • Subtitles by the Amara.org community

Three reasons why we should stop using nuclear energy.

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3 Reasons Why Nuclear Energy Is Terrible! 2/3

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    Evan posted on 2015/05/30
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