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  • This is a kindergarten we designed in 2007.

  • We made this kindergarten to be a circle.

  • It's a kind of endless circulation on top of the roof.

  • If you are a parent,

  • you know that kids love to keep making circles.

  • This is how the rooftop looks.

  • And why did we design this?

  • The principal of this kindergarten said,

  • "No, I don't want a handrail."

  • I said, "It's impossible."

  • But he insisted: "How about having a net sticking out from the edge of the roof?

  • So that it can catch the children falling off?"

  • (Laughter)

  • I said, "It's impossible."

  • And of course, the government official said,

  • "Of course you have to have a handrail."

  • But we could keep that idea around the trees.

  • There are three trees popping through.

  • And we were allowed to call this rope as a handrail.

  • But of course, rope has nothing to do with them.

  • They fall into the net.

  • And you get more,

  • and more,

  • more.

  • (Laughter)

  • Sometimes 40 children are around a tree.

  • The boy on the branch,

  • he loves the tree so he is eating the tree.

  • (Laughter)

  • And at the time of an event,

  • they sit on the edge.

  • It looks so nice from underneath.

  • Monkeys in the zoo.

  • (Laughter)

  • Feeding time.

  • (Laughter) (Applause)

  • And we made the roof as low as possible,

  • because we wanted to see children on top of the roof,

  • not only underneath the roof.

  • And if the roof is too high, you see only the ceiling.

  • And the leg washing place -- there are many kinds of water taps.

  • You see with the flexible tubes,

  • you want to spray water to your friends,

  • and the shower,

  • and the one in front is quite normal.

  • But if you look at this,

  • the boy is not washing his boots,

  • he's putting water into his boots.

  • (Laughter)

  • This kindergarten is completely open, most of the year.

  • And there is no boundary between inside and outside.

  • So it means basically this architecture is a roof.

  • And also there is no boundary between classrooms.

  • So there is no acoustic barrier at all.

  • When you put many children in a quiet box,

  • some of them get really nervous.

  • But in this kindergarten,

  • there is no reason they get nervous.

  • Because there is no boundary.

  • And the principal says

  • if the boy in the corner doesn't want to stay in the room,

  • we let him go.

  • He will come back eventually, because it's a circle, it comes back.

  • (Laughter)

  • But the point is, in that kind of occasion,

  • usually children try to hide somewhere.

  • But here, just they leave and come back.

  • It's a natural process.

  • And secondly, we consider noise very important.

  • You know that children sleep better in noise.

  • They don't sleep in a quiet space.

  • And in this kindergarten,

  • these children show amazing concentration in class.

  • And you know, our kind grew up in the jungle with noise.

  • They need noise.

  • And you know, you can talk to your friends in a noisy bar.

  • You are not supposed to be in silence.

  • And you know, these days

  • we are trying to make everything under control.

  • You know, it's completely open.

  • And you should know that

  • we can go skiing in -20 degrees in winter.

  • In summer you go swimming.

  • The sand is 50 degrees.

  • And also, you should know that you are waterproof.

  • You never melt in rain.

  • So, children are supposed to be outside.

  • So that is how we should treat them.

  • This is how they divide classrooms.

  • They are supposed to help teachers.

  • They don't.

  • (Laughter)

  • I didn't put him in.

  • A classroom.

  • And a washbasin.

  • They talk to each other around the well.

  • And there are always some trees in the classroom.

  • A monkey trying to fish another monkey from above.

  • (Laughter)

  • Monkeys.

  • (Laughter)

  • And each classroom has at least one skylight.

  • And this is where Santa Claus comes down at the time of Christmas.

  • This is the annex building,

  • right next to that oval-shaped kindergarten.

  • The building is only five meters tall with seven floors.

  • And of course, the ceiling height is very low.

  • So you have to consider safety.

  • So, we put our children, a daughter and a son.

  • They tried to go in.

  • He hit his head.

  • He's okay. His skull is quite strong.

  • He is resilient. It's my son.

  • (Laughter)

  • And he is trying to see if it is safe to jump off.

  • And then we put other children.

  • The traffic jam is awful in Tokyo, as you know.

  • (Laughter)

  • The driver in front, she needs to learn how to drive.

  • Now these days,

  • kids need a small dosage of danger.

  • And in this kind of occasion,

  • they learn to help each other.

  • This is society. This is the kind of opportunity we are losing these days.

  • Now, this drawing is showing the movement of a boy

  • between 9:10 and 9:30.

  • And the circumference of this building is 183 meters.

  • So it's not exactly small at all.

  • And this boy did 6,000 meters in the morning.

  • But the surprise is yet to come.

  • The children in this kindergarten do 4,000 meters on average.

  • And these children have the highest athletic abilities

  • among many kindergartens.

  • The principal says,

  • "I don't train them. We leave them on top of the roof.

  • Just like sheep."

  • (Laughter)

  • They keep running.

  • (Laughter)

  • My point is don't control them,

  • don't protect them too much,

  • and they need to tumble sometimes.

  • They need to get some injury.

  • And that makes them learn

  • how to live in this world.

  • I think architecture is capable of changing this world,

  • and people's lives.

  • And this is one of the attempts to change the lives of children.

  • Thank you very much.

  • (Applause)

This is a kindergarten we designed in 2007.

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A2 TED kindergarten laughter roof noise boundary

【TED】Takaharu Tezuka: The best kindergarten you’ve ever seen (The best kindergarten you’ve ever seen | Takaharu Tezuka)

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    CUChou posted on 2015/05/28
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