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  • Hope you had a great weekend.

  • If not, there`s always next weekend.

  • I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • First up this April 13, Kenya is building a wall.

  • It will stretch 435 miles,

  • roughly the span of the country`s border with Somalia.

  • Kenya is also reportedly telling the United Nations

  • to relocate the world`s largest refugee camp.

  • It`s in Kenya. It contains 600,000 Somalis.

  • Kenyan officials want it moved to Somalia,

  • though the U.N. says it hasn`t gotten an official request.

  • All this has to do with security.

  • Kenya says it has to change the way the U.S. did

  • after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.

  • The Al-Shabab terrorist group is based in Somalia.

  • Kenya believes its operatives crossed the border into Kenya,

  • possibly filtering through the refugee camp

  • before targeting Christians and killing 147 people

  • at a Kenyan university earlier this month.

  • Al-Shabab also claimed responsibility for an attack in 2013.

  • It killed 67 people in Kenya`s Westgate Shopping Mall.

  • Here`s a look at how porous the border is between Kenya and Somalia.

  • This is the border between Kenya and Somalia.

  • Now, we can`t show you this for security reasons,

  • but either side of this border is a pretty substantial security setup.

  • And that has only grown in size and scrutiny in the aftermath

  • of the Westgate attack in Nairobi.

  • But this isn`t the only route into Somalia.

  • Hacked out of the undergrowth,

  • this is where traffic flows -- the pioneer routes,

  • so-called rat routes, used by smugglers to cross back and forth undetected.

  • Branching brazenly off from the government roads,

  • they`re certainly a smoother ride.

  • In spite of the Kenya government`s efforts to beef up border security.

  • Up through these smugglers` routes,

  • we`ve managed to enter Somalia from Kenya without any checkpoints,

  • without being asked for ID,

  • without seeing any sort of government presence.

  • Night falls and it`s rush hour on the pioneer routes.

  • People and goods ferry back and forth.

  • Everyone is too afraid to stop for long here,

  • even to help the stranded families we see along the way.

  • Many are escaping the uncertainty back home in Somalia,

  • but some are seeking to enter Kenya undetected for their own ends.

  • The pioneer routes end in the Dadaab Refugee Camp.

  • Authorities believe that during the buildup to Westgate,

  • Al-Shabab operatives traveled from Somalia

  • through the pioneer routes and hid among the refugees in the camp.

  • And it`s from there, the Kenyan authorities say,

  • that they and other undocumented people made their way

  • through government checkpoints and deeper into Kenya.

  • For the first time in 50 years,

  • the leaders of Cuba and the U.S. sat down together

  • for meaningful talks on Saturday.

  • The two governments are working toward normalizing relations

  • that have been largely cut off since the cold war.

  • President Obama says it`s time to try something new,

  • though some U.S. lawmakers criticize him for engaging

  • what they see as a corrupt government.

  • On the Cuban side, President Raul Castro said

  • there could be some stumbling blocks in repairing ties,

  • but they could be overcome.

  • One complication, Venezuela. It`s an ally of Cuba,

  • but a rival of the US.

  • And Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro said he respected,

  • but didn`t trust President Obama.

  • All of this happened at the Summit of the Americas,

  • a meeting of Western Hemisphere leaders.

  • The location for this year`s event was Panama.

  • The Panama Canal is an engineering marvel

  • that connects the world through a series of gates and locks.

  • It`s been bringing in about $2 billion worth of revenue

  • since 2010 and profits are expected to double

  • with the addition of a deeper, wider,

  • bigger third lane of traffic.

  • As it stands today, about 14,000 ships cross through the canal every year.

  • And hear this -- about 60 percent of that

  • traffic either starts or ends at U.S. ports.

  • Ships are loaded with about 4,500 20 foot containers.

  • Now, fully loaded container vessels take about eight to 10 hours

  • to cross the 15 mile canal.

  • And hear this, they pay about $450,000.

  • The expansion is set to be completed in 2016,

  • accommodating post-Panamax ships.

  • Now these vessels hold about 13,000 containers.

  • It will take those vessels about 14 hours to cross the canal.

  • No word yet on the additional cost.

  • But here is what we do know.

  • Before those post-Panamax ships can cross the canal,

  • a lot of work needs to be completed,

  • creating a new 6.1 kilometer Pacific Access Channel,

  • deepening of the Pacific and Atlantic entrances

  • and perhaps what has captivated most people

  • is the new system of locks and gates,

  • requiring more than four million cubic meters of concrete,

  • which is poured by thousands of workers.

  • And 16 gates -- those were built in Italy.

  • The tallest of those, 11 stories high.

  • The expansion will cost more than $5 billion

  • and it will take more then eight years to complete

  • -- an engineering wonder that makes the world a smaller place.

  • We`ve reported on two Republican candidates

  • who`ve entered the 2016 presidential race so far.

  • Yesterday, a candidate for the Democrats made it official,

  • former senator and former secretary of State, Hillary Clinton,

  • who`s widely seen as the frontrunner for the Democratic Party.

  • All of the candidates will be campaigning heavily in Iowa.

  • Its caucuses are usually the first major event

  • in the nominations process for U.S. presidential candidates.

  • Time for the Roll Call.

  • Three requests from Friday`s transcript pages, CNNStudentNews.com.

  • Number one, the American International School of Johannesburg.

  • It`s in the city of Johannesburg in Eastern South Africa.

  • Two, Kahuku High & Intermediate School.

  • It`s in Kahuku, Hawaii.

  • The Red Raiders watching from the island of Oahu.

  • And in Moran, Kansas, The Sunflower State,

  • we`ve got The Wildcats of Marmaton Valley Jr..-Sr. High School.

  • When you look into someone`s eyes and you see blue or green or brown,

  • you`re actually looking at the pigment in their irises.

  • The iris expands and contracts,

  • controlling the amount of light that hits your pupils.

  • And it`s a unique identifier of who you are,

  • kind of like your fingerprint.

  • Researchers say new technology can help identify people

  • by their eyes from up to 40 feet away.

  • You`ve seen eye scanners in movies like "Charlie`s Angels,"

  • but even in real life, in order for eye scanners to work,

  • they have to get up close and personal.

  • New technology is beginning to mimic another movie,

  • "Minority Report," where long-range devices

  • are able to scan entire crowds from a distance, which has critics worried.

  • Every person`s iris,

  • that colored circle around the pupil of the eye, is different.

  • That`s why police have started using them to build ID databases,

  • like the FBI has done with fingerprints.

  • Carnegie Mellon University`s College of Engineering

  • is testing a new system that

  • it says can accurately read each iris`s unique signature

  • from as far away as 12 meters.

  • Professor Mario Savvides says it could offer a safer way

  • to ID dangerous criminals during police stops.

  • That`s our long-range iris system at the back

  • and what it`s doing is, as I`m looking at the mirror right now,

  • it`s actually finding my face, detecting my eyes,

  • extracting features and then matching them,

  • running through the database to come up with the identity

  • of who I am.

  • It can really save the officer`s life by making sure that,

  • you know, he`s far away and safe.

  • The American Civil Liberties Union fears police

  • may use long-range iris scanners to track people in large public crowds.

  • They say using scanners in that way might violate privacy rights.

  • When springtime springs up in the U.S. Capitol,

  • one plant that blooms stands as a symbol of history and friendship.

  • The cherry blossom trees aren`t just at the National Mall to look pretty.

  • They were a gift from Japan in 1912

  • that continue to bring color to the District of Columbia every year.

  • Locals and tourists the world over

  • can see them near The Washington Monument,

  • by The Tidal Basin, and in East Potomac Park.

  • And following the doldrums of winter,

  • they`re sure to cherry you up with blossom

  • some of the most flowerful leafings

  • that would never leaf you and your buds disappointed.

  • CNN STUDENT NEWS branches out with more news and puns tomorrow.

Hope you had a great weekend.

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April 13, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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