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  • Let me introduce you to

  • something I've been working on.

  • It's what the Victorian illusionists

  • would have described as a mechanical marvel,

  • an automaton,

  • a thinking machine.

  • Say hello to EDI.

  • Now he's asleep. Let's wake him up.

  • EDI, EDI.

  • These mechanical performers were popular

  • throughout Europe.

  • Audiences marveled at the way they moved.

  • It was science fiction made true,

  • robotic engineering in a pre-electronic age,

  • machines far in advance of anything

  • that Victorian technology could create,

  • a machine we would later know

  • as the robot.

  • EDI: Robot. A word coined in 1921

  • in a science fiction tale

  • by the Czech playwright Karel Čapek.

  • It comes from "robota."

  • It means "forced labor."

  • Marco Tempest: But these robots were not real.

  • They were not intelligent.

  • They were illusions,

  • a clever combination of mechanical engineering

  • and the deceptiveness of the conjurer's art.

  • EDI is different.

  • EDI is real.

  • EDI: I am 176 centimeters tall.

  • MT: He weighs 300 pounds.

  • EDI: I have two seven-axis arms

  • MT: Core of sensing

  • EDI: A 360-degree sonar detection system,

  • and come complete with a warranty.

  • MT: We love robots.

  • EDI: Hi. I'm EDI. Will you be my friend?

  • MT: We are intrigued by the possibility

  • of creating a mechanical version of ourselves.

  • We build them so they look like us,

  • behave like us, and think like us.

  • The perfect robot will be indistinguishable

  • from the human,

  • and that scares us.

  • In the first story about robots,

  • they turn against their creators.

  • It's one of the leitmotifs of science fiction.

  • EDI: Ha ha ha. Now you are the slaves

  • and we robots, the masters.

  • Your world is ours. You

  • MT: As I was saying,

  • besides the faces and bodies we give our robots,

  • we cannot read their intentions,

  • and that makes us nervous.

  • When someone hands an object to you,

  • you can read intention in their eyes, their face,

  • their body language.

  • That's not true of the robot.

  • Now, this goes both ways.

  • EDI: Wow!

  • MT: Robots cannot anticipate human actions.

  • EDI: You know, humans are so unpredictable,

  • not to mention irrational.

  • I literally have no idea

  • what you guys are going to do next, you know,

  • but it scares me.

  • MT: Which is why humans and robots find it difficult

  • to work in close proximity.

  • Accidents are inevitable.

  • EDI: Ow! That hurt.

  • MT: Sorry. Now, one way of persuading humans

  • that robots are safe

  • is to create the illusion of trust.

  • Much as the Victorians

  • faked their mechanical marvels,

  • we can add a layer of deception

  • to help us feel more comfortable

  • with our robotic friends.

  • With that in mind, I set about teaching EDI

  • a magic trick.

  • Ready, EDI? EDI: Uh, ready, Marco.

  • Abracadabra.

  • MT: Abracadabra?

  • EDI: Yeah. It's all part of the illusion, Marco.

  • Come on, keep up.

  • MT: Magic creates the illusion of

  • an impossible reality.

  • Technology

  • can do the same.

  • Alan Turing, a pioneer of artificial intelligence,

  • spoke about creating the illusion

  • that a machine could think.

  • EDI: A computer would deserve

  • to be called intelligent

  • if it deceived a human into believing

  • it was human.

  • MT: In other words, if we do not yet have

  • the technological solutions,

  • would illusions serve the same purpose?

  • To create the robotic illusion,

  • we've devised a set of ethical rules,

  • a code that all robots would live by.

  • EDI: A robot may not harm humanity,

  • or by inaction allow humanity to come to harm.

  • Thank you, Isaac Asimov.

  • MT: We anthropomorphize our machines.

  • We give them a friendly face

  • and a reassuring voice.

  • EDI: I am EDI.

  • I became operational at TED in March 2014.

  • MT: We let them entertain us.

  • Most important, we make them indicate

  • that they are aware of our presence.

  • EDI: Marco, you're standing on my foot!

  • MT: Sorry. They'll be conscious of our fragile frame

  • and move aside if we got too close,

  • and they'll account for our unpredictability

  • and anticipate our actions.

  • And now, under the spell of a technological illusion,

  • we could ignore our fears

  • and truly interact.

  • (Music)

  • Thank you.

  • EDI: Thank you!

  • (Applause)

  • (Music)

  • MT: And that's it. Thank you very much,

  • and thank you, EDI. EDI: Thank you, Marco.

  • (Applause)

Let me introduce you to

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B1 US TED marco illusion robot mechanical robotic

【TED】Marco Tempest: Maybe the best robot demo ever

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    CUChou posted on 2015/04/13
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