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  • For the first time in Nigeria`s history,

  • an incumbent president has been defeated in an election.

  • Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • One major challenge facing the African nation

  • is the Boko Haram terrorist group.

  • Nigerian voters apparently felt that the nation`s former military ruler,

  • Muhammadu Buhari, would be more effective at fighting them.

  • Buhari is set to replace outgoing president Goodluck Jonathan.

  • To Switzerland. A deadline came and went between Iran

  • and six other countries, including the US.

  • The goal?

  • Reaching an agreement concerning Iran`s controversial nuclear program.

  • The deadline was extended to today.

  • Talks on this issue have happened several times before in several cities.

  • One sticking point, the international sanctions on Iran`s economy.

  • Iran wants those lifted.

  • Other countries don`t want to lose their leverage

  • in getting Iran to freeze its nuclear program.

  • U.S. sanctions against Iran date back decades and include a ban on oil,

  • weapons and, of course, anything that might further Iran`s nuclear program.

  • The long list essentially cuts off trade

  • and investment between the two countries.

  • In recent years, the United Nations

  • and the European Union have joined the U.S.

  • in pressuring Iran to halt its nuclear ambitions,

  • targeting Iran`s energy and financial sectors

  • through a tightening web of sanctions.

  • Since 2006,

  • the U.N. Security Council has passed six resolutions

  • targeting Iran`s nuclear program,

  • but perhaps the biggest impact on Iran came in 2012,

  • when the EU agreed to stop buying their oil.

  • Iran`s oil exports dropped dramatically.

  • Their currency plummeted in value

  • and their economy lost hundreds of billions of dollars.

  • All told, sanctions have deprived Iran

  • of more than $200 billion in lost revenue.

  • The sanctions don`t stop there. Both the U.S.

  • and EU limit Western firms from doing business in Iran

  • and have increasingly isolated Iran`s banks,

  • denying them access to Western markets.

  • Also, millions of dollars in assets from dozens of Iranian nationals,

  • organizations and businesses have been frozen,

  • including top members of Iran`s government and military.

  • The West African nation of Guinea

  • has closed its border with Sierra Leone.

  • The reason -- the continued spread of the deadly Ebola virus.

  • The World Health Organization says

  • more than 25,000 people have been infected with it

  • since last year and that the incurable disease

  • has killed more than 10,000. Liberia, Sierra Leone

  • and Guinea have been hit hardest.

  • The spread of Ebola seems to have stopped in Liberia.

  • It`s slowed down in Sierra Leone,

  • but the number of new cases has increased in Guinea.

  • Health care workers in the region are doing all they can.

  • I didn`t know about international aid or

  • like this whole world around the U.N.

  • I hadn`t -- I didn`t know anything about that.

  • But I wanted to help and I wanted to do something.

  • And I felt not that I only wanted to, I knew that I -- I had to.

  • So when I got there,

  • WHO had called all the community leaders together during the quarantine.

  • When we left,

  • I was like can we all stay here and talk to the community?

  • I mean like what do you guys need?

  • Like what`s most needed?

  • And they`re like, we call for an ambulance

  • and the ambulance doesn`t come for four days.

  • So we`re -- I`m like, all right, we`re getting an ambulance.

  • So we got an ambulance.

  • I`m the, you know, working with the community decided

  • what was most needed and then came up with steps

  • of like the active case finders.

  • They go door-to-door to door knocking down doors, basically,

  • looking for sick people.

  • So if someone is sick, let us know, OK, and we can help, yes?

  • You know, I followed the ambulance just to make sure that our guys are

  • -- are put -- taking on and taking off the protective gear.

  • And on the steps is this like three or four year old little girl.

  • And she had this like pink party dress on.

  • And her name is Perlina Night (ph).

  • And the community didn`t want her and

  • -- and her little brother or sister had died

  • and they had other family members die.

  • And so they were like, they thought she had the sickness,

  • but she wasn`t showing symptoms yet.

  • She was going to by herself like into this holding center.

  • And I was like we can`t have her here.

  • So we coordinated with some of the people

  • that worked there and we were able to --

  • to take Perlina and keep her safe and --

  • and kind of quarantine her with doll babies and clothes

  • -- tons of clothes and ice cream and Disney movies.

  • And we were able to reunite her with her living father

  • and stepmother and her mom`s mom.

  • So life has been returning to normal.

  • I think it`s more learning how to live with Ebola now.

  • We can do more as a world, as a planet.

  • And it is our responsibility that, you know,

  • that humanity -- our humanity is wrapped up in each other.

  • Hear that? It`s the Roll calling. Let`s answer it.

  • Chicago, Illinois, Chi-Town, The Windy City, The Second City.

  • It`s the city where you`ll find St. Therese Chinese Catholic School online

  • and watching CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • From Pleasant Hill, Iowa, say hello to The Rams.

  • Southeast Polk Junior High School is with us today.

  • And not too far from Alabama`s Gulf Coast is the city of Robertsdale.

  • It`s the home of The Bears.

  • Robertsdale High School rounds out our Roll.

  • The U.S. government`s jobs report usually comes out

  • the first Friday of each month.

  • The report for March is due out this Friday.

  • It will include the national unemployment rate

  • and an estimate of the number of jobs added in March.

  • Recent reports have shown monthly

  • growth of 200,000 jobs or more nationwide.

  • But one area that is doggingly holding the U.S. economy back is wages.

  • Two percent -- the trouble with 2 percent is wages growing

  • at 2 percent is not enough to make anyone feel the job market boom.

  • I mean last year was the best year for jobs growth since 1999.

  • But when the hourly raise is only 48 cents an hour over a year,

  • just 2 percent, it doesn`t feel so great.

  • And when 2 percent is how fast or how slowly

  • the overall economy is growing,

  • it`s just not enough to inspire a great deal of confidence.

  • But wait. Morningstar, with an optimistic spin

  • that may be enough to push wages up.

  • The labor market is tightening and companies

  • have to pay more to get and keep good workers.

  • So let`s just hope that Morningstar is right

  • and that measly 2 percent is good enough after all.

  • Time for the Shoutout.

  • Which of these insects is in the family Blattidae?

  • If you think you know it, shout it out.

  • Is it aphid, bumblebee, cockroach or dragonfly?

  • You`ve got three seconds. Go.

  • The family of Blattidae is where you`d find cockroaches,

  • assuming you wanted to find them.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your Shoutout.

  • Some scientists are hoping to turn roaches into rescuers.

  • The research involves controlling Madagascar hissing cockroaches.

  • And there are some ethical concerns with this.

  • Is it right to manipulate animals with a radio transmitter?

  • Couldn`t people just build tiny robots instead?

  • Scientists say living roaches come with their own power supply.

  • Is it cruel?

  • Some critics fear this could hurt the roaches or electrocute them.

  • Researchers say the roaches would simply run away

  • if they were zapped.

  • These go where the signals tell them to.

  • Finding survivors under the rubble is a top priority

  • in the desperate hours after a disaster.

  • Search dogs can`t go into every crack and crevice, but roaches can.

  • You might not think of roaches as the hero type.

  • But researchers at North Carolina State University are hoping they will be.

  • They call them bio-bots. Scientists have strapped tiny backpacks

  • onto cockroaches that manipulate their neural systems

  • so they can steer them into small,

  • dark spaces or guide them through a maze.

  • The backpacks contain tracking gear and tiny microphones

  • that pick up sounds of trapped victims` cries for help,

  • alerting rescuers to their locations.

  • Listen to this actual recording captured by a micced (ph) cockroach

  • and transmitted around a corner to a receiver 16 meters away.

  • One, two, three.

  • Theoretically, rescuers could control the roaches

  • by using apps on their smart phones. What`s next?

  • Eventually, the bio-bots could be mounted with tiny cameras,

  • or infrared sensors that can detect heat,

  • another way to find people trapped under debris.

  • If this technology proves successful,

  • first responders may some day arrive on the scene

  • with a box of cockroaches wearing backpacks.

  • Smart bio-bots that could save lives.

  • Some of you might say

  • I`ve made some questionable wardrobe choices on air.

  • But I`ve never had an issue like this.

  • The chill is letting up, but the chill is not completely gone right now.

  • I`m sorry.

  • And -- and the chill has got a kink in your neck, huh?

  • No, no. I`ve got a -- I`ve got -- never mind. Forget it. I just...

  • Minnesota weatherman Steve Frasier

  • says he`d worked out before going on air

  • and thinks he got dressed a little too quickly.

  • He said he was so embarrassed,

  • but his viewers didn`t see it as a major hang-up.

  • Though his suit was more malfunction over form,

  • his station Tweeted about it in true light-hearted fashion,

  • even if the newscast came down to the wire,

  • it reached a suitable conclusion.

  • I`m Carl Azuz.

  • Thanks for hanging out with us on CNN STUDENT NEWS.

For the first time in Nigeria`s history,

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