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  • Hi, again. I'm Adam. Welcome to www.engvid.com. Today's lesson is very common I think -

  • a very popular question. I get asked this all the time by students who are learning English:

  • when to use "-er", when to use "more" when we are comparing things, for example with

  • adjectives. When do I say "better", for example, or "happier" or "more expensive"? How do you

  • know which one to use? Okay? So it's very, very simple, okay? We're going to look at

  • syllables. To use "-er", we use -- sorry. We use "-er"

  • with words that have one or two syllables. We use "more" with words that have two or

  • more syllables. Now, before I explain that, what are syllables?

  • "Syllables" are vowel sounds in a word, okay? They're not the number of vowels; they're

  • the number of vowel sounds. But first, what is a "vowel"?

  • Just in case you're not familiar: A, E, I, O, U; these are the vowels in English. Consonants

  • are B, C, D, F, G, and so on. Keep in mind "Y" is a consonant even though it sounds often

  • like a vowel. Okay, so back to syllables. So these are the

  • vowel sounds. So for example, the word "cat". How many vowel sounds are in the word "cat"?

  • One: "ah" -- "cat". Keep in mind -- here's another one-syllable word: "leak". Two vowels,

  • one vowel sound, "leak", "eeee", okay? Can you think of a two-syllable word? How

  • do you feel right now? I bet you feel "happy". I'm sure you feel happy because you're watching

  • www.engvid.com, right? "Happy". The two vowel sounds: "ha", "py" -- sorry. My mistake. "Hap",

  • "py", "ah", "eeee", okay? How about a three-vowel sound word? How about

  • three syllables? "Beautiful". Sorry. I'm not having the best day spelling today. "Beau",

  • "ti", "ful". Three syllables. How about four? "Ex", "cep", "tio", "nal"

  • -- "exceptional". Great. Very good. Okay. One more -- five. Very common word: "International".

  • Can you divide them up into the syllables? Try it. "In", "ter", "na", "tio", "nal" -- "international",

  • five syllables. So now, here we go back. We see one or two

  • syllables or two or more syllables. So now, you're thinking, "Okay, well if I have a two-syllable

  • word, I still don't know which one to use, right?" Well, here is the answer. One or two

  • syllables: If the word ends in "Y" -- I'll put it here. Sorry about the mess. If the

  • word ends in "Y", use "-er". So "happy" -- if you want to compare two things; who's happier?

  • Me or my friend? Then you drop the "Y"; then you put "ier". "Happier". Okay?

  • If the word -- the two-syllable word -- ends in a consonant, okay, then you use "more".

  • Okay? So "gentle" is technically a two-syllable word, but it ends in a vowel, so "gentler".

  • I'll think of an example of a consonant-ending word.

  • Now, there are, of course, exceptions. "Good" does not take "-er" or "more". "Good" becomes

  • "better". "Bad" becomes "worse". "Far" becomes "farther". I'll write this one down. "Far"

  • becomes "farther", so you have the extra addition here. "Much" becomes "more". "Little" becomes

  • "less", okay? Now -- oh, I put it twice. Sorry. Now, "fun" is a one-syllable word, but you

  • will never hear anybody say "funner". Why? Because it sounds like "funnier". So this

  • is an exception. We usually say "more fun". Now here's an example of a two-syllable word

  • that ends in a consonant, so you think "cleverer". Now, some people will say "cleverer", but

  • because of the "r-r" ending, it's a little bit hard to say, so many people will say "more

  • clever". "He is more clever than she is", okay? For example. I still can't think of

  • a word that ends in a consonant. "Feather". No. That's not -- it's a noun; I can't use

  • that. Okay. It'll come to me. I'll put it on the comments on www.engvid.com.

  • And if you want to practice more of these, go to www.engvid.com. There's a quiz there,

  • and you can practice these and come back, and we'll do some more lessons. So don't forget

  • to check out my YouTube page and subscribe. See you then.

Hi, again. I'm Adam. Welcome to www.engvid.com. Today's lesson is very common I think -

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B1 US vowel syllable word syllable consonant engvid happier

English Grammar - Comparing: funner & faster or more fun & more fast?

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    cindy posted on 2015/06/23
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