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  • Welcome to our viewers worldwide.

  • I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • Our first story this March 19th focuses on an apparent terrorist attack

  • in the North African nation of Tunisia.

  • It`s a country between Algeria and Libya, population about 11 million.

  • Officials say several gunmen entered a museum in Tunisia`s capital

  • on Thursday and killed at least 17 tourists and two others,

  • one of them a Tunisian security officer.

  • The terrorists also took hostages,

  • but Tunisian law enforcement were able to end the siege

  • and kill two of the attackers. Police are looking for three other gunmen.

  • Tunisian Prime Minister Habib Essid

  • called it "a cowardly attack targeting Tunisia`s economy."

  • Tourism is a key part of that.

  • The museum where the attack happened has exhibits of Tunisian art, culture and history.

  • It`s right next to the parliament building, which was evacuated.

  • No group immediately took responsibility for the attack,

  • but ties to the ISIS terrorist group are suspected.

  • From North Africa to the Middle East,

  • immediately after Israel`s election on Tuesday,

  • polls in local media indicated that two main political parties

  • were locked in a dead heat.

  • But when the actual vote count came in,

  • it became clear that the party of current prime minister,

  • Benjamin Netanyahu, won a major victory,

  • taking 29 of the Knesset's 120 seats.

  • Results are still unofficial,

  • but most analysts expect Netanyahu to keep his job leading Israel.

  • Time for our epic Thursday Roll Call.

  • Which state is known as The Pine Tree State?

  • Here's the main reason we ask.

  • Tripp Middle School is there in Turner, Maine,

  • The Tigers are on the prowl.

  • There are tons of gators in The Sunshine State,

  • but the ones at Island Coast High School are on today's Roll.

  • Hello, Cape Coral, Florida.

  • And in St. Cloud, Minnesota, The North Star State,

  • it's The Eagles of North Junior High School who round out our roll.

  • About 50,000 people live on the Faroe Islands.

  • They're roughly halfway between Scotland and Iceland.

  • But thousands more will be there Friday to witness an event

  • that lasts just two minutes -- a total eclipse of the sun.

  • The U.S. won`t see one of those until 2017.

  • In addition to the Faroes, parts of Europe,

  • Northern Asia and Northern Africa could see a partial eclipse.

  • And as long as viewers don`t look directly at it, they`ll be fine.

  • What is a Solar Eclipse?

  • Long ago, ancient cultures around the globe

  • looked to the skies in shock and bewilderment.

  • Many believed they were watching the sun being eaten by an animal,

  • like a dog or a mythical dragon.

  • Now we know there's a more scientific explanation for one of nature's most spectacular displays, the solar eclipse.

  • Watching as the moon blocks out the light from the sun,

  • it can be hard to imagine the amazing cosmic coincidence taking place.

  • The sun's diameter is some 400 times larger than the moon's,

  • but it's just the right distance away to appear the same size.

  • For a couple of minutes when the sun and moon are perfectly aligned,

  • the moon completely covers the sun's disc.

  • The sun's atmosphere or corona can be seen in the dim light,

  • along with stars and planets.

  • This glowing atmosphere is much hotter than the surface of the sun,

  • but no one is exactly sure why. It`s a question puzzling astronomers.

  • This so-called totality only exists in a narrow band,

  • where the moon's shadow falls on the Earth.

  • Outside this zone, some observers can see a partial eclipse,

  • where it looks like a chunk has been taken out of the sun.

  • It`s not a phenomenon that will last forever.

  • The moon is slowly moving away from the Earth and one day,

  • it will appear too small in the sky to cover the sun completely.

  • But don't worry, if you miss this total solar eclipse,

  • NASA estimates that you still have 563 million years to catch one.

  • If you are lucky enough to see this incredible spectacle,

  • remember, never look directly at the sun, even with everyday sunglasses.

  • You risk causing permanent damage to your eyes.

  • If you don`t have access to special filters,

  • a safe way to observe the show is

  • to make a pinhole in a piece of paper

  • and project the image onto another sheet.

  • Just after the Ides of March, the madness of March begins in the US.

  • It`s over basketball.

  • The National Collegiate Athletic Association`s

  • annual college basketball tournament.

  • The round of 64 teams starts today.

  • Fans fill out brackets of their predicted winners of each game,

  • hoping to make the perfect prediction and never actually doing it.

  • There are always upsets and

  • if each team had a 50 percent chance of winning every game,

  • you had a one in 9.2 quintillion chance of picking the perfect bracket.

  • Amid all the fun, there`s a serious question.

  • The players are college students.

  • Are they getting out of class?

  • For so many basketball players, this is it.

  • These are the greatest games they'll ever play.

  • Very few of them, less than 2 percent, will go pro.

  • So their real game is in their scholarships, in their education.

  • But athletes have been more vocal than ever this year about the realities of playing NCAA sports,

  • that their scholarships are often squandered

  • because so much of their time is consumed by athletics.

  • Players who make the NCAA tournament

  • will miss an average of 20 days of class per season.

  • There`s this thing called the 20 hour rule in college athletics.

  • It's supposed to limit the amount of time that athletes spend each week on their sport.

  • Well, Big 12 Commissioner Bob Bowlsby calls this rule a joke.

  • He says it`s routinely ignored.

  • Most fans who are poring over their brackets are not surprised by all of this.

  • A recent poll done by Monmouth University found

  • that 67 percent of fans think that schools put too much emphasis on sports.

  • The average scholarship for an athlete is about $23,000.

  • If you do the math, 13 scholarshipped athletes per team,

  • 351 teams, that`s about $105 million in scholarships.

  • But the worth of the scholarship?

  • It doesn`t matter if they're not going to class.

  • Joshua Williams leads a charity organization that aims to fight hunger.

  • He’s 13 years old. But here’s the kicker.

  • He started the company before he was five.

  • Joshua's grandmother had given him 20 bucks.

  • Later that day, he saw a man with a sign that said,

  • "Need money, need food." Joshua gave the man his 20

  • and decided to give his efforts toward helping others.

  • We're signing in people.

  • Has everybody here signed in?

  • When I was four and a half years old, I found my purpose in life.

  • We're going to have around 100 families.

  • We're going to give them food.

  • I looked for a foundation that would accept somebody my age.

  • I didn't find any.

  • So I came up with the idea of Joshuas Heart Foundation.

  • OK, are you guys ready?

  • Yes.

  • Joshuas Heart Foundation has no age limit.

  • And as long as youre able to pick something up,

  • just come out and help us make a difference.

  • It feels really good to be here.

  • We did a really nice mitzvah.

  • Since I started,

  • I have given out over 650,000 tons of food to over 30,000 individuals.

  • We're going to do one -- one tuna.

  • One tuna?

  • One tuna. We need enough for everybody.

  • Right now, we have over 1,200 youth volunteers.

  • Thank you, darling. Thank you.

  • I'm grateful to know there's still young people that cares for other people.

  • It's very important to develop connections and relationships with these people that we're helping.

  • God bless you, you know. God bless you. And thank you.

  • If you want to make a difference, I have three bits of advice for you.

  • One, use your passion and purpose in life

  • to help make a change in the community.

  • Two, get your friends to help.

  • And three, never give up.

  • Just what does 20,000 pounds of fireworks look like when they're all set off at once?

  • Here you go.

  • These are -- or were -- illegal fireworks.

  • The Midland, Texas Police Department says a court had ordered them destroyed

  • and that Midland Police were helping U.S. government law enforcement get rid of them.

  • It was done during the day

  • because it wasn't supposed to be a fireworks show.

  • But it still looks like a blast.

  • You could say the fireworks were fired in a fiery work of ire

  • flinging frying fire higher, flying flames of flying fire,

  • they flamed out, up away, a flamtastic display,

  • making for a flamous way for us to wish you a good day.

  • This is CNN STUDENT NEWS.

Welcome to our viewers worldwide.

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March 19, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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