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  • CNN STUDENT NEWS is 10 minutes of current events.

  • Welcome to our viewers around the world. I`m Carl Azuz.

  • Our first story today concerns the Middle Eastern nation of Iran.

  • It`s a theocratic republic. Its official religion is Islam.

  • It has both a president elected every four years and a supreme leader,

  • a Muslim religious scholar who`s appointed for life.

  • He has the nation`s ultimate political and religious authority.

  • The U.S. and some other Western nations

  • have designated Iran a state sponsor of terrorism.

  • It`s been a focus of the international community

  • because of its controversial nuclear program

  • and because its leaders have repeatedly spoken out against Israel,

  • a U.S. ally in the Middle East.

  • But Iran and the Obama administration are currently in talks.

  • U.S. officials are considering lifting economic penalties on Iran

  • if it puts a hold on its nuclear program.

  • What you have here is a very large population,

  • about 80 million people live in Iran.

  • It`s a very dynamic population, a very young population,

  • a very well-educated population and a population

  • that loves doing business.

  • Now, of course,

  • the big thing holding Iran back are the international sanctions

  • because of Iran`s nuclear program.

  • Many countries in the West fear

  • that Iran is trying to build a nuclear weapon.

  • The Iranians maintain that their nuclear program

  • is solely for peaceful purposes.

  • We also have to keep in mind that this country is run by the clergy

  • and there are a lot of regulars fundamentalists in this country

  • that don`t mind the sanctions at all.

  • They say they`re willing to live with the sanctions

  • rather than soften up their stance toward the West.

  • Now, there is one area where Iran, the U.S.

  • and the West have a common enemy, and that is the fight against ISIS.

  • The Iranians are we doing a lot to combat ISIS

  • in Iraq as well as in Syria.

  • They have generals there on the ground.

  • They have advisers on the ground. They`re training militias.

  • One thing, however, is clear -- if sanctions are lifted,

  • if this country is able to realize its full potential,

  • it will become even more of a powerhouse here in the Middle East.

  • The Assyrian city of Nimrud is one of Iraq`s most renowned archeological sites.

  • This is video of workers excavating it in 2001.

  • Nimrud dates back to the 13th century BC.

  • And Iraq`s government says it`s being destroyed

  • by the ISIS terrorist group.

  • It`s attacked a lot of historic artifacts in Iraq,

  • calling them symbols of idolatry.

  • But ISIS itself may be showing signs of weakness.

  • Iraqi troops and Shia militia near Tikrit taking down ISIS flags,

  • inching closer to liberating the city from ISIS control.

  • The optics -- an Iraqi victory against ISIS backed up by help from Iran.

  • Senior U.S. officials watching across Iraq and Syria

  • as indications sporadically grow that ISIS could be in trouble.

  • After nearly 3,000 coalition airstrikes,

  • the days of freely moving around in large formations,

  • flying black flags and taking territory may be over for the group.

  • They can no longer do that.

  • And it`s principally because of the effects that we`ve had on them.

  • It`s not about just the kinetic effects alone.

  • Signs that ISIS may be fracturing in some local areas

  • over the strain of attempting to function as a state.

  • We are seeing anecdotal evidence of resentment

  • and even resistance in those areas that are controlled by ISIL.

  • ISIS having trouble providing basic municipal services.

  • 00:03:50,614 --> 00:03:54,328 Electricity outages, shortages of food and commodities,

  • air strikes against their --

  • their refining capabilities have forced them

  • to go to a lot of individual mom and pop refining stills.

  • But fresh recruits, including some from the West,

  • are still flocking by the hundreds to Syria and Iraq,

  • even though their losses are mounting

  • and some even being killed if they try to leave.

  • I don`t see evidence right now that ISIS is falling apart.

  • I do see evidence that ISIS is having some trouble in governing some territory,

  • that there is internal squabbling among some of the foreign fighters

  • and some of the local Iraqi and Syrian fighters.

  • That`s pretty standard from a range of these groups.

  • For the record, I think burrows make an awesome mascot.

  • You could say they`re don-key to today`s first Roll Call school.

  • The Burrows of Jennifer Junior High School are watching.

  • Thank you for making us part of your day in Lewiston, Idaho.

  • One state south, in The Beehive State of Utah,

  • it`s The Warriors up next.

  • Hello to everyone watching at Northwest Middle School in Salt Lake City.

  • And in The Volunteer State,

  • The Eagles volunteered to be part of our roll.

  • Seymour High School is in Seymour, Tennessee.

  • The World Health Organization, a United Nations agency,

  • has a new warning out about hearing.

  • It says teenagers are at risk of losing it;

  • young adults, too.

  • It analyzed information in wealthier countries around the world

  • of people between ages of 12 and 35.

  • It found that half of them,

  • more than one billion people worldwide,

  • are exposed to unsafe levels of sound from devices

  • and about 40 percent are exposed to it at concerts, clubs or sports events.

  • So what`s an unsafe level?

  • The organization says 100 decibels,

  • like what`s produced by a jackhammer or a loud motorcycle.

  • That can cause hearing damage after 15 minutes of exposure.

  • But rock concerts last longer than that and can hit decibel levels of 115.

  • Doctors say when your hearing is lost, you can`t get it back.

  • And it`s not just about loss.

  • Tinnitus, a symptom of damage, is a permanent ringing in the ears.

  • So how do you protect yourself?

  • The organization says keep the volume

  • at or below 60 percent of its max on your phone or iPod,

  • wear noise-cancelling headphones if you can

  • and when you go to a concert, wear earplugs.

  • See if you can ID me.

  • I was developed in the late 1800s by American inventor,

  • Christopher Latham Sholes.

  • I was eventually named the Remington

  • and occasionally used by author Mark Twain.

  • I`m a machine that produces characters like those made by a printing press.

  • I`m a typewriter and the first ones on the market

  • only wrote in capital letters.

  • Of course, people wanted to be able to use lower case type,

  • so some of the first typewriters had two keyboards,

  • many with one behind the other.

  • One had capitals and one had lower case.

  • A typewriter with a shift key

  • that needed only one keyboard started being sold around 1878.

  • It eventually became more popular.

  • But all of these things are just useless antiques now, right?

  • This is the best thing that`s happened to typing since electricity.

  • In the 1960s, typewriters like the IBM Selectric

  • were the pinnacle of office technology.

  • We still sell these. We, of course, service them.

  • Hard to believe the same IBM Selectric is still being used today.

  • Law offices, accounting firms, book publishers,

  • people who are still used to typing an envelope or a label.

  • Even the New York Police Department still uses them.

  • Currently, some forms are still required to be typed,

  • so we still do have typewriters.

  • This is an old-fashioned ribbon that they don`t make anymore.

  • At gramercy Typewriters in New York,

  • the old machines are even clicking with younger fans.

  • Typewriters have been making another resurgence.

  • People are asking about typewriters. They`re coming in.

  • It`s keeping Paul and his son Justin knee deep in the machines.

  • Gramercy sells up to 30 a week

  • and they can service 10 to 15 a day.

  • They`re cheaper than most modern computers.

  • A working IBM costs about $400.

  • But of course, the older they get,

  • the more expensive they get.

  • This Underwood is just under 100 years old

  • and it would probably sell for around $600.

  • While 55 years in the business have left Paul with blackened fingers,

  • he`s not ready to retire. And neither, he says, is the typewriter.

  • There`s still a need for a typewriter and there are people

  • who are still going to want a typewriter.

  • And I can see this going on for years.

  • Claire Sebastian, CNN, New York.

  • Like much of the U.S. Northeast,

  • Pennsylvania has seen its share of snow this winter.

  • If you look closely at this mound of snow,

  • well, there you go.

  • You`ll see it`s a nest and that the bald eagle in

  • it won`t let anything keep her eggs from staying warm.

  • Scientists say the animal`s feathers keep them

  • and their eggs as insulated as they need to be.

  • So no matter how high the snow gets, the family remains safe.

  • It`s the bald-faced truth,

  • nothing about the weather is going to get her feathers ruffled.

  • It`s really no bird-in to keep her eggs warm in that feather bed,

  • because without a fireplace, it`s the nest best thing.

  • We`ll get beak to producing more news tomorrow.

CNN STUDENT NEWS is 10 minutes of current events.

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