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  • CNN STUDENT NEWS is 10 minutes of commercial-free current events.

  • I`m Carl Azuz. We start today in Tikrit.

  • It`s a city in northern central Iraq.

  • It`s the birthplace of former Iraqi dictator, Saddam Hussein,

  • who was killed in the Iraq War.

  • It was one scene of fighting in the Iraq War

  • and now it`s a battlefield once again,

  • this time between Iraqi forces and the ISIS terrorist group.

  • ISIS took over the city last June.

  • The Iraqi Army and militiamen are fighting to take it back.

  • They`ve failed to recapture it several times before.

  • This new assault is important for several reasons.

  • For one, these troops were trained by U.S. and other coalition forces.

  • This battle could indicate whether that training made a difference.

  • It`s expected to last a while.

  • If it succeeds, it could show that recapturing Mosul,

  • a much larger city controlled by ISIS, is possible.

  • If it fails, it could spell disaster for the Iraqi capital of Baghdad

  • and the fight against ISIS in Iraq.

  • Mosul, Irbil, Fallujah, Raqqa -- these are names we hear every day

  • as the world focuses on the battle against ISIS, the key cities, the key battlefields.

  • But just why are they the key battlefields?

  • Why do they matter so much?

  • Let`s start with Mosul, the jewel in ISIS` crown in Northern Iraq,

  • a symbolically important city and one that is now the second largest in Iraq.

  • Last July, ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi

  • appeared at the city`s grand mosque to declare his caliphate.

  • And ISIS has begun building fortifications around the city.

  • The big question is when an offensive to retake Mosul might begin.

  • Kurdish Peshmerga forces have sealed off all but the southern exits

  • and the Iraqi prime minister promises that

  • there will be an operation to retake Mosul. But just when?

  • It seems, according to most analysts in this region, still months away.

  • To the west in Iraq`s Anbar Province, ISIS appears to be in better shape.

  • And it`s the Iraqi security forces who`ve lost ground.

  • The cities of Ramadi and Fallujah, both under ISIS control,

  • are key battlegrounds if the Iraqi government is to

  • relieve the pressure on the capital and persuade the Sunni tribes in this area

  • that it will come to their aid.

  • The Syrian battlefield is much more complex

  • and there are signs that ISIS is trying to reassess its priorities

  • in the face of intensive coalition airstrikes.

  • Elsewhere in Syria, ISIS appears to be reassessing its priorities,

  • Elsewhere in Syria, ISIS appears to be reassessing its priorities,

  • perhaps pulling out of certain areas of the northwest

  • and northeast where it`s under pressure.

  • And it may well be reprioritizing in Damascus,

  • where there`s every chance that a complex battlefield will emerge in the coming months,

  • pitting different rebel groups against each other and against the regime.

  • From the Midwest to the west West, it`s time to go west on the Roll Call.

  • The Buckeye State is up first.

  • Peebles High School is in Peebles, Ohio.

  • Its mascot is The Indians. Great to see you.

  • Clearwater Orchard Middle School is in The Cornhusker State.

  • It`s the home of The Cyclones. They`re watching in Orchard, Nebraska.

  • And in The Golden State, the city of Stockton, California --

  • it`s where we found The Cougars of Weston Ranch High School.

  • Sublimator water carryover

  • -- that`s what NASA says pushed water into an astronaut`s helmet during a spacewalk Sunday.

  • Water in the suit`s cooling component can condense after a spacewalk.

  • The astronaut said it`s a known issue he wasn`t concerned about.

  • It also wasn`t a lot of water, an estimated 15 milliliters.

  • It appeared at the end of a mission to work on

  • the International Space Station`s robotic arm and to do some maintenance.

  • This issue has come up before.

  • In July 2013, more than a liter backed up in another astronaut`s space suit.

  • That was dangerous, though he survived.

  • Since then, NASA made some changes to the suits,

  • adding an absorption pad that seemed to do its job Sunday.

  • The space suits that astronauts use are 35 years old,

  • but NASA says Space Station managers are still highly confident in them.

  • Steve Fossett was a successful American businessman.

  • He made millions as a broker, but his records made him famous.

  • First trip alone around the world in a hot air balloon,

  • fastest trip around the world in a sailboat.

  • Fossett set about 100 records in sailing and aviation.

  • Most have since been broken,

  • but his name remains alongside those of the world`s great adventurers.

  • In the spirit of Amelia Earhart,

  • who tried and tragically failed to circle the globe, and Charles Lindbergh,

  • the first solo pilot to cross the Atlantic,

  • Steve Fossett made aviation history 10 years ago

  • when he became the first to fly a plane alone, non-stop,

  • without refueling, around the world.

  • The voyage covered nearly 23,000 miles in 67 hours.

  • A big reason for Fossett`s success was this incredible airplane.

  • The single jet engine Virgin Atlantic global flier

  • was made of extremely lightweight carbon fiber material

  • and it lugged so much fuel that the crew called it the flying gas tank.

  • The global flier stayed high in the jet stream to dodge bad weather.

  • For more than two days straight,

  • Fossett was cooped up in a three foot wide, seven foot long cockpit,

  • surviving on milkshakes.

  • He soared from Salina, Kansas over Canada,

  • the Atlantic, Africa, the Middle East,

  • Asia and the Pacific and on March 3, Fossett made it full circle back to Kansas.

  • Sadly, Fossett died in 2007 after his plane crashed in a remote part of California.

  • Investigators blamed strong winds.

  • But the global flier mission remains a big part of Fossett`s legacy

  • and no one has done it since.

  • You`ve seen the Goodyear Blimp,

  • you`ve heard commercials for Firestone or BF Goodrich.

  • But on cars like these, you won`t find anything made by the world`s largest manufacturer of tires.

  • You would find that on LEGOS, as in LEGOS.

  • The toy company makes the most tires per year,

  • more than 381 million, though you wouldn`t want to drive on them

  • in anything like you`d see here.

  • Now, that`s random.

  • All right, this next report is kind of trashy.

  • According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,

  • Americans each generate more four pounds of trash every day.

  • In a year, that adds up to 250 million tons of trash total for the US.

  • But not all of it is landfill. Of those 250 million tons,

  • we recycle a little more than a third of it.

  • It works out to about 87 million tons.

  • How is our recycling sorted and where exactly does it wind up?

  • My job is to pull out anything that`s not plastic and/or bigger than 12 inches.

  • Easy enough, right?

  • Something is smelly.

  • It`s somebody`s like potty.

  • Oh, my God.

  • It looks like a big giant chunk of metal.

  • Somebody threw away like all that siding. A movie reel.

  • This is the most focused I`ve ever had to be on a job in my life.

  • That`s like a stereo. Look at that. Ahhhh! Ahhhh! Ahhhh!

  • After the men and women much more coordinated than me finished with the sorting process,

  • the separate materials are compacted and prepared for shipment to the market.

  • Then they`re reprocessed into new products.

  • But not all materials can be recycled equally.

  • Glass will go on to make many things,

  • as it`s 100 percent recyclable and can be reprocessed forever.

  • Your humble soda can may live on in some surprising places,

  • or even just as another can, in which case,

  • it could be back on the store shelves in 60 days,

  • ready for a lifetime of recycling.

  • Paper only has an average of five to seven lives,

  • but while it`s alive, man is it personal.

  • And then there`s plastic.

  • If it`s recyclable at all, it really only has one other useful life

  • and then, more often than not, it gets down cycled to another plastic product

  • that will ultimately end up in a landfill.

  • The Black Antis a restaurant whose food has been described as ant-believable.

  • It`s not just a pun on the name.

  • It`s because the menu includes ants

  • and worms and grasshoppers on purpose.

  • And while you`d think that would be pretty cheap

  • because they`re bugs,

  • some of the worms that worm their way into these dishes run $200 a pound.

  • That`s more than steak.

  • They have other foods, too, like shrimp and fish.

  • Their black ant guacamole runs 12 bucks.

  • But I`ve heard it`s head, thorax and abdomen above the rest, y`all.

  • Where does this stop?

  • Garden slug salad, chili con carpet beetle, spider rolls, sand fly pie?

  • Would you care to order the pate de foie grasshopper?

  • It gives a whole new meaning to let`s grab some grubs

  • and could leave your budget a little appe-tight.

  • I`m Carl Azuz and I hope you`re not on the way to lunch.

CNN STUDENT NEWS is 10 minutes of commercial-free current events.

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March 3, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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