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  • Hello everyone! This is Andrew from

  • Crown Academy of English. Today

  • we are going to do a vocabulary lesson, and

  • the subject of the lesson is the living room.

  • So I'm going to take you to a shop

  • and I'm going to show you all the words

  • which are related to the living room.

  • Okay so let's get started!

  • Here we are,

  • outside the shop. The name of the shop

  • is IKEA...and IKEA

  • sells lots of things for the home and the house....

  • and we are going to be looking

  • at furniture for

  • the living room. So I think we are ready...

  • let's go in the shop!

  • So, here we are in a typical

  • living room and here we have

  • a "sofa" and a

  • "sofa" is where two people can sit

  • next to each other... okay.

  • So there are two other words

  • for the word "sofa" - We can also say

  • "settee", and we can also say

  • "couch". Now

  • the words "sofa" and "settee",

  • they are common in British

  • English and the word

  • "couch" is more common in

  • American English. Now

  • here on the end of the sofa,

  • we have ...

  • two cushions. So these

  • square items here...

  • they are called cushions .... and

  • we put cushions on the sofa

  • to make it more comfortable. Ok...

  • and here... this

  • item here... this is called

  • a "bookshelf" and

  • we use a "bookshelf" to keep

  • books. So we store

  • books on the bookshelf.

  • Okay?

  • So you can see here, there are some

  • books on this shelf and

  • here there are some books on this shelf.

  • Here,

  • in the middle of the room, we have

  • a "coffee table". A "coffee table"

  • is a low table which

  • is in front of the sofa... and

  • on this table, there is

  • a coffee cup and saucer

  • and here there is a tray....

  • and on the tray

  • there is a coffee pot.... so a pot of coffee.

  • And...

  • finally, on the floor, there is

  • a "rug". This is a brown

  • "rug". The colour of the "rug" is

  • brown. And

  • this rug is to cover

  • the wooden floor. So we put

  • a "rug" on the floor to cover the floor...

  • and a rug also helps

  • to decorate the room... and

  • to keep the room warm.

  • And here again,

  • we can see in the middle of the room,

  • there is a "coffee table", a white "coffee table"

  • this time... and on the left,

  • there is another "sofa".

  • And here we can see

  • there is an "armchair". So this

  • is called an "armchair". And an "armchair"

  • is a comfortable chair for one person.

  • So one person sits

  • in an "armchair" and sometimes

  • we put a cushion on an "armchair" if we want to make it

  • more comfortable. And here,

  • on the left, on the floor, we can see

  • this is in fact a "wooden floor".

  • And here we can see there are some

  • "books" and the "books" are on

  • a "bookshelf". So,

  • we can see, here there are some "books"

  • on the top "bookshelf", and

  • below it, there are some more books

  • on the bottom "bookshelf". Now,

  • in the singular, if there is one

  • bookshelf, we spell it

  • like this - So S

  • H E L F is

  • singular - one bookshelf.... and

  • for several "bookshelves", we say

  • "shelves" and that is spelt S

  • H E L V

  • E S. So it is

  • an irregular noun.

  • So here we can see, in the middle of the room,

  • there is a large "Christmas tree"...

  • and on

  • the "Christmas tree", there are some

  • decorations... and

  • underneath the tree, at the bottom,

  • there are some presents. And

  • on the right we can see the books in

  • the bookshelf ....and

  • here on the left, there is an armchair....

  • and on the armchair,

  • there is a cushion.

  • Here we can see

  • there

  • are some "curtains". There is a pair of "curtains".

  • Now we place "curtains"

  • in front of a window...and we

  • attach the "curtains" to a "curtain rail"...

  • and we say that we

  • open the curtains ... and we

  • close the curtains.

  • And here is a "television".

  • Sometimes we can call

  • a television a "TV". So

  • we watch "television". We watch

  • programmes on the "television."

  • and we can watch films

  • and watch the news on "television."

  • This television here

  • is a "flat screen

  • television." A "flat screen television" -

  • We can either put it on a stand or

  • we can fix it to the wall.

  • Here is a "bureau". We pronounce it

  • "bureau". It is a French word....

  • and a bureau is

  • a desk which can open and close.

  • And you can see on the floor,

  • there is a "rug" on the floor.

  • Here is a "picture".

  • So we hang "pictures"

  • on the wall. So we use

  • pictures to decorate the walls.... and

  • all around the edge of a "picture",

  • there is a "picture frame".

  • So here, on this "picture",

  • there is a black "picture frame"

  • around the "picture". And in fact

  • this "picture" has three "pictures" -

  • There is a "picture" of some elephants

  • on the left. Here in the middle,

  • it is a "picture" of a flower, and on the right,

  • it is a "picture" of some birds.

  • Here is a "lamp". So we use a

  • "lamp" to light a room... and

  • on top of the "lamp",

  • there is a "lamp shade", a "lamp shade".

  • And we use a "lamp shade"

  • to decorate the lamp and also

  • to make the light less bright.

  • Here...

  • we are looking inside the lamp... and

  • inside the lamp, there is a "light bulb".

  • So the "light bulb" is what

  • shines the light.... and here,

  • on the right hand side, this is the

  • inside of the "lamp shade".

  • And here is

  • the "wire" which is coming

  • out of the lamp and

  • which connects to the plug

  • of the lamp.... and to

  • turn the light on or off,

  • then we use a "switch".

  • So we press the light switch

  • to turn the light on

  • or to turn the light

  • off.

  • And...

  • here is another view of a "light bulb".

  • So we connect a "light bulb"

  • to a lamp. We attach a "light bulb"

  • to a lamp.

  • And here are

  • some "blinds". Here

  • are some "blinds" in front of

  • the window. The word

  • "blinds" is ALWAYS plural,

  • NEVER singular. To

  • open the "blinds", or to close

  • the "blinds", then we pull the "cord".

  • We can decorate the living room with some "flowers"...

  • and we put the "flowers"

  • into a "vase" ... and then we pour water

  • into the "vase".

  • We can also

  • decorate

  • the living room with some "plants".

  • So here we have four "plants".

  • On a plant, there are "leaves",

  • green "leaves". So here, we can see,

  • at the bottom-left, there is

  • one "leaf" and here, at the

  • top-left, there are two

  • "leaves". So "leaf" is an

  • irregular noun. In the singular,

  • we spell it L E A

  • F and in the plural,

  • we spell it L E A

  • V E S.

  • In the living room, we can

  • also put a "clock". A "clock"

  • displays the time. On the "clock",

  • there are three hands. The small hand

  • is the "hour hand". The big hand

  • is the "minute hand" and the red hand

  • is the "second hand".

  • This is a "hi-fi". A "hi-fi"

  • We use a "hi-fi"

  • to listen to music. We can also

  • listen to the radio with a "hi-fi" or a

  • CD. On the left

  • of the hi-fi, and on the right,

  • they are the "speakers".

  • So the "speakers" are where the

  • sound comes from.

  • We can also

  • decorate the living room with "candles".

  • Here there are three candles.

  • One on the left, one in the middle

  • and one on the right. There are two parts

  • of a "candle". The main part

  • is called the "wax" and

  • the part in the middle is called

  • the "wick".

  • So...

  • that is the end of the lesson.

  • We have finished learning all the words

  • regarding the living room. I hope you enjoyed the lesson.

  • Please subscribe to my channel

  • if you would like to have more lessons like this one.

  • And here are

  • some other videos which

  • might interest you. So this is

  • a grammar lesson on the left hand side.

  • It is all about the words "all"

  • and "every" and when to use those words.

  • And here on the right, this

  • is a listening exercise. So this will help you

  • to improve your listening skills. So you can click

  • on either of these videos or you can click

  • on the subscribe button at the top... and also

  • don't forget you can follow me on Twitter. This is my

  • Twitter account here... and

  • every day I give very short

  • vocabulary lessons or

  • bits of advice about learning English.

  • So you can click on

  • the link in the description if you like. There is a clickable

  • link to my Twitter account in the description