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  • How do you learn to speak English?

  • In this video, we'll discuss three methods for learning to speak English that really

  • work.

  • But before we do, we first need to talk about how humans learn. This is important because

  • if you have some basic understanding of how we learn, you'll be able to distinguish good

  • learning methods from bad ones.

  • So let's begin.

  • The first thing you need to know is that there are two types of learning.

  • The first type of learning is called explicit learning or conscious learning. This is the

  • type of learning where the learner knows that he's learning something and also what is being

  • learned. One example of explicit learning is studying grammar.

  • When you listen to an English teacher explaining the past tense, you're learning English explicitly

  • by consciously memorizing how to use the past tense.

  • The second type of learning is called implicit learning or unconscious learning. In implicit

  • learning, the learner doesn't know what is being learned. Oftentimes, he's not even aware

  • that he's learning something. The learning happens unconsciously. One example of implicit

  • learning is listening to a conversation in English

  • When you listen to a conversation, your main goal is not to learn English but to understand

  • the conversation. But by doing the activity, you're simultaneously learning English. You

  • may not realize it, but you're learning many aspects of the English languagethe sentence

  • structure, the grammar, the vocabulary, and so on.

  • So we can learn English in two different wayseither explicitly or implicitly. The question

  • is, which way of learning is better?

  • To answer this question, consider this:

  • Just like there are two types of learning, there are also two types of knowledgeexplicit

  • knowledge and implicit knowledge. Explicit learning results in explicit knowledge whereas

  • implicit learning results in implicit knowledge. And there's a very big difference between

  • these two knowledges.

  • Accessing explicit knowledge requires conscious thought. You have to think about the knowledge

  • in order to use it. This means that if you want to speak English properly, you have to

  • think about English. You have think about whether to use the past tense or something

  • else. You have to think about how to form a sentence properly. But that's impossible

  • because when you speak, there's no time to think about any of that.

  • In contrast, accessing implicit knowledge does not require conscious thought. You don't

  • have to think about the knowledge in order to use it. Think about how you speak your

  • first language. It's pretty effortless, isn't it. You can speak properly without having

  • to think about any grammar rule. That is possible only because your knowledge of your native

  • language is implicit.

  • For this reason, implicit learning is a much better learning strategy. When you don't have

  • to think about English, it frees up your mind so you can fully concentrate on expressing

  • your thoughts and ideas.

  • Unfortunately, many English students like to learn English in an explicit manner. Some

  • of them spend time on Youtube watching videos about English grammar. What they don't realize

  • is that the knowledge they gain from the activity is explicit knowledge, which is almost useless

  • when it comes to speaking.

  • So let me share with you three methods for learning to speak English that really work.

  • I'll give you an overview of them as well as their advantages and disadvantages. And

  • at the end of this video, there'll be a link to a free resource where you can study each

  • of these methods in detail.

  • The first method is listening. Just listen to English as much as possible. An advantage

  • of this method is that it's very easy to do. You can do it while stuck in traffic, while

  • exercising, while waiting in line, and so on. But he main drawback of this method is

  • that it's too passive. Listening alone is not enough. You have to combine listening

  • with some sort of speaking practice.

  • And that brings us to the next method, which is to use English speaking courses that teach

  • English implicitly.

  • Let's see how these courses work:

  • Is there a cat?

  • No, there is not cat.

  • No, there isn't a cat.

  • What is there?

  • There is a dog.

  • A dog, there's a dog.

  • Does Lisa own the dog?

  • No, Lisa doesn't own the dog.

  • No, she doesn't. Lisa doesn't own the dog.

  • Who owns the dog then?

  • OK, so that's one example. Here's another one:

  • There was a guy named John.

  • He wanted to own a restaurant.

  • Did John want to own a car?

  • No, he didn't want to own an...a car.

  • No, he didn't want to own a car.

  • What did he want?

  • He want to own a restaurant.

  • Well, he wanted to own a restaurant.

  • He wanted to own a restaurant.

  • Who wanted to own a restaurant?

  • OK, so that's how it works. A key advantage of using a course like this is that you get

  • feedback every time your speak. This allows you to learn and improve quickly. This is

  • great for beginners. By using a course like this, the learner can expect to see significant

  • improvements in a matter of months.

  • But this method has some disadvantages too. One of which is limited learning. When you

  • use a course like this, you get to learn only the words, phrases, and other things that

  • are used in that course, and this is a problem because in order to speak English well, you

  • need to keep expanding your vocabulary.

  • Another problem is that at some point it's going to become easy for you to practice with

  • these courses and you will stop improving. When that happens, you're going to need to

  • use a different method in order to keep getting better.

  • And that brings us to the last method, which is called imitation.

  • This is the practice where you listen to a conversation or a story in English and then

  • try to tell that story in your own words. And by doing so, you get to learn grammar,

  • vocabulary, and other aspects of English.

  • This is a great method for intermediate and advanced speakers. A key advantage of this

  • method is that there are virtually no limits to how much you can learn. The more you practice,

  • you more you learn and the larger your vocabulary.

  • But the main problem with this method is that it can be difficult for beginners. If right

  • now you can speak English just a little bit, you may not be able to practice imitation

  • effectively. If that's the case, you might want to start with one or two speaking courses

  • before you start using this method.

  • OK, so that's an overview of three learning methods that work because they're all a form

  • of implicit learning.

  • If you want to learn more about these methods, check out this resource where you can find

  • a tutorial on imitation, a list of recommended speaking courses, and a video series on how

  • to practice listening the right way. Just click here to go to that resource.

How do you learn to speak English?

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A2 US learning implicit explicit knowledge method speak english

The Right Way to Learn to Speak English

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    VoiceTube posted on 2014/12/25
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