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  • Welcome to English grammar spot. This lesson is about the past simple.

  • I am going to show you how the form a past simple

  • and when to use a past simple.

  • But before we get started it's good to know that in the English language we have

  • regular

  • and irregular verbs, and it is advisable that you study the most commonly used

  • irregular verbs.

  • Now let's get started

  • take a look at these sentences.

  • I walked to school yesterday.

  • He paid for dinner last week.

  • Both these sentences are in the past simple tense.

  • How to form a past simple?

  • For the regular verbs we simply use the infinitve form of the verb and add '-ed'.

  • I kicked the ball.

  • You closed the door.

  • He wiped the table.

  • She cooked dinner.

  • It rained yesterday.

  • For the plural forms:

  • We walked to school.

  • You watched the tennis match.

  • They marked the tests.

  • We need to pay extra attention to verbs that end in an '-e'

  • such as live, close and wipe.

  • With these verbs we use the infinitive form of the verb, but we only add a '-d'.

  • For example

  • I lived here in 2012.

  • He closed the window.

  • They wiped the floor.

  • We also need to pay extra attention to verbs that end in a '-y'.

  • Especially those preceded by a consonant,

  • such as spy, envy and study

  • The consonants being a 'p' a 'v' and a 'd'.

  • Here the '-y' changes into an '-i'.

  • For example

  • He spied on his neighbours.

  • We envied her cousin.

  • They studied a lot.

  • Now let's have a look at the irregular verbs,

  • all irregular verbs have a unique past simple form.

  • I built that shed last year, the inifinive form is to build.

  • she taught english in the 1990s the infinitive form is to teach.

  • We ran the marathon in 2012.

  • The infinitive form is 'to run.'

  • Let's have alook at the past simple in questions.

  • For all verbs, regular end irregular,

  • we use the auxiliary verb 'to do', but we need the past simple tense

  • which is did and the infinitive form of the verb.

  • Did she talk to him this morning?

  • Did you ride your bicycles yesterday?

  • Did they work on the farm last year?

  • For the past simple in negations,

  • regular and irregular

  • we also use the past simple tense of the auxiliary verb 'to do', which is did

  • and we add 'not' to it, contracting it into 'didn't'.

  • plus the infinitive form of the verb.

  • I didn't want to come over the last night. We didn't to walk to school this morning.

  • They didn't listen to the radio yesterday.

  • Let's have a look at the past simple in use.

  • We use the past simple for things that have happened at a specific time in the past,

  • so we need to know when it happened.

  • For example: yesterday

  • this morning

  • or in 2009.

  • He left for New York yesterday.

  • We ate our breakfast this morning.

  • They got married in 2009.

  • We also use the past simple in questions after 'when'.

  • When did you buy that t-shirt?

  • When did you graduate from high school?

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Welcome to English grammar spot. This lesson is about the past simple.

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A2 UK simple irregular infinitive simple tense form tense

Past Simple Tense - English grammar tutorial video lesson

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    pao2ge posted on 2014/12/01
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