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  • Welcome to englishgrammarspot. This lesson

  • is about adverbs. Take a look at these sentences

  • She sings beautifully. He felt poorly after he fell from the stairs.

  • The words that are underlined are

  • adverbs. In this lesson

  • I'm going to show you what adverbs exactly are, the different types of

  • adverbs,

  • how to form an adverbs, how to place an adverbs in a sentence

  • and the exceptions.

  • I'm going to take you through the most common exceptions,

  • not all. Now what are adverbs?

  • Adverbs add extra information to a verb.

  • For example: He arrived home safely. Safely here says something about

  • arriving we could also say he arrived home

  • early and here early would be an adverb.

  • It also comments on an adjective.

  • Remember an adjective says someting about a noun.

  • She wore a brightly coloured dress.

  • Dress in this sentence is a noun.

  • Coloured here is an adjective because it says something about the dress

  • but brightly says something about the way it was coloured.

  • We could also say she that she wore a pink coloured dress

  • and then pink would be an adverb. It also says something about

  • other at adverbs. For example: She did her job fairly well.

  • Well says something about the manner

  • in which she did her job and fairly says something about

  • well, we could also say she did her job reasonably

  • well. An adverbs also says something about a

  • sentences or a clause. Honestly I feel very ill.

  • Here the adverbs comments on the entire sentence

  • there are many different types of adverbs,

  • First there are adverbs of manner,

  • these adverbs say someting about how it happens.

  • He looked at me carefully. We could also say he looked at me slowly

  • it says something about the way he looked at me.

  • The museum will slowly go bankrupt

  • no quickly, slowly. He plays football well

  • There are also

  • adverbs of place, where does it happen.

  • My keys must be somewhere. Here somewhere

  • is an adverb. There they are or

  • here they are. These are adverbs.

  • We had to travel quite far.

  • There are also adverbs of time when doesn't happen.

  • Finaly, which means in the end,

  • he managed to grow a beard. He eventually

  • came home. He rang her immediately

  • after he had heard the news.

  • There are also adverbs of frequency, how often does it happen.

  • I always brush my teeth before going to bed.

  • She's often late for work.

  • My aunt never rings me on my birthday.

  • Other types of adverbs of frequency are,

  • sometimes or regularly.

  • Now we also have

  • adverbs of degree in what way does it happen.

  • He arrived home fairly late. This cake can be made

  • quite easily and they are definitely

  • right.

  • Finally sentence adverbs, they comment on an entire sentence or a

  • clause. Frankly I'm fed up with you.

  • The child clearly wanted some ice cream.

  • He loved her very much obviously. Usually but not always as you can see in

  • the second sentence,

  • these adverbs can be found at the beginning

  • or at the end of a sentence. Now how do we form an adverb?

  • Please note that there is a clear

  • difference in form between an adverb and an adjective.

  • Remember an adjective says something about a noun.

  • To form an adverb, we usually take

  • an adjective and we add -ly

  • to this adjective. We quickly packed our

  • bags and left.

  • They don't normally sell these shoes. So quick and normal are

  • adjectives and now we've added -ly to them

  • and now they've become adverbs. We need to pay attention to

  • adverbs in a -y. For example easy and

  • happy here the -y becomes an 'i' for

  • example they passed the exams easily

  • and we are happily married. Now please note:

  • that there is dry/dryly and shy/ shyly.

  • this is basically because these

  • adjectives only have one

  • syllable. We also need to pay attention to

  • adjectives ending 'ic',

  • for example specific or terrific.

  • Here we add 'ally.'

  • For example: They specifically asked for a room with a view

  • He won the match terrifically.

  • Please note that it is: public and publicly.

  • So it's an exception.

  • Now where do we place adverbs?

  • We also need to pay attantion to adverbs of frequency so

  • always, never, sometimes, regularly etc.

  • these adverbs of frequency become before the main verb

  • or after a form of 'to be.' For example

  • He often works late.

  • She is never in time for dinner. 'Is' is a form of

  • 'to be' so we place the adverb after 'is.'

  • Now pay attention to the following sentence: They can always call me

  • in times of need. Here we have two verbs we have

  • 'can' and 'call' but since call here is

  • the main verb, the main action

  • we put the adverb in front of the main verb.

  • For all other adverbs, they can be placed anywhere in a sentence.

  • But adverbs of place become before adverbs of time.

  • We basically say: place before time.

  • For example I searched for my diary

  • everywhere yesterday. Everywhere

  • is an adverbs and yesterday is an adverb.

  • But since everywhere denotes place,

  • and yesterday denotes time, we place yesterday

  • at the end of the sentence. Obviously you could also say:

  • Yesterday, I searched for my diary everywhere.

  • A time can eithet be at the beginning of a sentence or

  • at the end of a sentence.

  • Now let's take a look at some of the exceptions some adjectives don't

  • change when used as an adverb.

  • Yearly, daily, weekly etc.

  • early but then again it already looks like an adverb.

  • liitle

  • long, fast, next.

  • These are some of the adjectives that don't change, there are more,

  • I have selected the most common ones.

  • You also need to pay attention to the words good and well.

  • They have the same meaning, but

  • good is an adjective as you can see in he is a

  • swimmer. Good says something about a noun: swimmer.

  • He swims well and here we use the adverb,

  • because it says something about the way he swims

  • the verb. Some adjectives change in meaning when we add '-ly.'

  • So fair means

  • honest but fairly means reasonably.

  • hard as in tough but hardly

  • almost none. Late as in

  • not early but lately as in recently,

  • Near as in close and nearly as in

  • almost. So we cannot change

  • these simply into an adverb.

  • You need to pay good attention when adding something

  • to an adjective.

  • Certain verbs that we call copulas require an adjective

  • not an adverb. These verbs

  • these are the most common ones, so not all: to appear,

  • to be, to become, to feel,

  • get, to keep, to seem to smell,

  • to sound, to taste. Please note that I have put an '*'

  • after, to get, to smell, to taste

  • because these can also be

  • common verbs. So they're not always copulas.

  • So pay attention to these sentences

  • This food tastes great.

  • and here great is an adjective,

  • because it says something about the taste

  • but if we say he tasted the food carefully

  • here it says something about the verb itself

  • in the way he tasted it.

  • So when he says the food tastes great,

  • great says something about the food but when we say

  • he tasted the food carefully, we say something about the way

  • he tasted it, the verb.

  • I thank you for your attention for regular updates please subscribe to

  • youtube.com/englishgrammarspot

  • or go to www.englishgrammarspot.com

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A2 UK adverb adjective sentence pay attention tasted pay

adverbs - English grammar tutorial video lesson

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    pao2ge posted on 2014/12/01
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