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  • We learned a lot of interesting stuff producing this Tuesday show. Hope you enjoy it. I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to ten minutes of commercial free current events for the classroom.

  • First up today .

  • The British flag was lowered over Helmand Province in Afghanistan this week, a symbol that the U.K.`s combat mission in the country is over.

  • Britain`s defense minister says Afghanistan is no longer a safe haven for the al Qaeda terrorist group and that the country now has a chance of a better future.

  • In a recent BBC poll, though, most Britain said the war was not worthwhile for the U.K.

  • Afghanistan is still a dangerous place, where terrorists and insurgent attacks happen regularly.

  • The U.S. combat mission there formally ends this December, but the U.S. and Afghan government signed a deal last month that will allow American troops to stay in the war torn country.

  • From South East Asia, we are headed out into the Pacific Ocean to the island state of Hawaii.

  • On the Big Island, scenes like this near Kilauea volcano are pretty common.

  • It is the most active volcano mass on the planet.

  • But this particular lava flow is threatening a village named Pahoa, so much so that a main road through town had to be closed, and officials say Pahoa`s 945 people need to be ready to evacuate.

  • Most have already left. The lava has crept over fields, a fence, a cemetery.

  • After accelerating over the weekend, it was moving toward the town at the speed of about a foot per minute.

  • That`s fast for something a 150 yards wide, and incredibly destructive. Kilauea volcano has been in a constant state of eruption since 1983.

  • This particular lava flow started threatening Pahoa in June.

  • We are setting sale this Tuesday. It`s a boat to be awesome.

  • Say hello to the sailors of Oceanside Middle School. They are casting off from Oceanside. New York.

  • Next, it`s night time. The golden nights of Welch, West Virginia on the roll.

  • They are at Mountain View High School and gather around table with more nights.

  • DeLong Middle School in Eau Claire, Wisconsin thanks for watching, day or night.

  • One week from today, Americans will be voting in the country`s midterm elections.

  • And there`s a new political poll out from CNN-OTV international.

  • It indicates that almost seven in ten Americans are angry at the direction their country is headed and that 53 percent disapprove of President Obama`s job performance.

  • But he is not on the ballot. Lawmakers are, and as far as Congress goes, the poll showed that 85 percent of Americans don`t approve of how it`s doing its job.

  • What cold this mean next week? Well, we`ll let Jonathan Mann explain that as well as what exactly is going to be on the ballots.

  • How angry are Americans at Barack Obama and the rest of the men and women they`ve put into government?

  • Or to put another way, how good do they feel about their elected officials.

  • Well, we are about to find out because millions of Americans will be going to the polls November 4 what it`s called midterm elections.

  • Midterm because they fall halfway through the president`s own term.

  • Barack Obama`s name will not be on the ballot.

  • Instead, we are talking about state and local officials and lawmakers at the federal level, members of the two houses of Congress.

  • 435 members in the House of Representatives and about a third of the U.S. Senate.

  • Now, the House of Representative is reelected in its entirety or elected, for that matter every two years.

  • Republicans have a majority there. That`s not likely to change.

  • In the Senate where senators serve six year terms, about a third of the Senate faces election or reelection every two years.

  • This year adds some vacancies and there are 36 Senate seats up for grabs. We are expecting the House will stay in Republican hands.

  • The Senate will be the real battlefield.

  • The Republicans there are hoping that they can pick up a few seats.

  • But Democrats have a majority, the Republicans hope to have their own majority there when the ballots are cast and counted.

  • The White House, though, stays in President Barack Obama`s hands, which is to say a Democrat in the White House will be looking at a Republican-controlled House of Representatives and a Republican majority, probably, in the U.S. Senate.

  • What does that give us? Well, it`s what Americans already have, divided government.

  • In Washington, to see nearly paralyzed because Republicans and Democrats don`t work well together.

  • When all the ballots are cast and counted this time, they are probably going to find they`ve got more of the same.

  • Staying in the U.S., we have just four more days of daylight saving time.

  • It is this Saturday night, and we can look forward to an extra hour of sleep because Sunday morning at 2 a.m. is officially when our clocks fall back one hour.

  • The winter solstice is the shortest day of the year for sunlight. It`s on December 21.

  • But until then, the length of sunlight time will shrink each day in the Northern Hemisphere.

  • So, when we fall back by setting our clocks back, what exactly are we falling back to and why are we falling back at all?

  • Daylight saving time sounds kind of special.

  • You are not just saving time, you are saving daylight time.

  • But it puzzles the daylight time of some folks, why we fall back to standard time?

  • That`s what it`s called, standard time. We spend eight months out of the year in daylight saving time, but standard, which is hardly to standard, is still called standard.

  • It`s been shrinking since World War I, that`s when daylight saving time was first implemented to save energy.

  • The switch made the sunset time later in the day, so people didn`t have to turn their lights on as early.

  • But what about winter and the fall back to standard? Well, look at it this way:

  • most parts of the U.S. only get about 9.5 hours of daylight in winter time.

  • That`s not much. If we didn`t set our clocks back in the fall, sunrise wouldn`t be until 8:30 a.m. in many places,

  • you`d be starting and ending your day in the dark.

  • Falling back to standard keeps the time of dawn a little closer to what we are used to. It helps us start our day in the light.

  • Plus, there is that whole extra hour of sleep thing, assuming you go to bad on time when we fall back.

  • So, less daylight, but more sleep. Unless you happen to live in Arizona or Hawaii.

  • Most parts of Arizona and all of Hawaii don`t observe daylight saving time.

  • They don`t have to. It`s not required by law.

  • The Heisman Trophy. It doesn`t just show some generic football player, it shows Ed Smith who played NYU and later in the NFL.

  • He was a friend of the sculptor and modeled for free.

  • So, why is it called the Heisman Trophy and not the Smith Trophy?

  • Well, it was created for New York`s downtown athletic club and the athletic director of that club was coach John Heisman.

  • Oh, that`s random.

  • Magic Leap is the name of a startup company. It looks like it`s building a sort of virtual reality interface, but not the kind with the big headset that tends to make users sick.

  • Two reasons why Magic Leap`s in the news. One, investors are so impressed that they`ve contributed hundreds of millions in funding.

  • Two, it`s mysterious. It`s currently in stealth mode when a company keeps its product secret from the public, so no one else can steal the idea.

  • A 15 second clip of a floating baby elephant has made the Internet lose its mind.

  • A mysterious Florida-based company called Magic Leap is behind the dazzling display, and it`s a technology they are calling cinematic reality.

  • It seems to be a mixture between augmented reality and virtual reality on steroids.

  • Whatever it is, it`s frickin` cool. And apparently worth a lot of money.

  • The biggest name in virtual reality right now, is Oculus VR, which Facebook recently bought for $2 billion.

  • Now, Magic Leap says that their technology could potentially blow Oculus out of the water.

  • Operating in stealth mode, magic leap just had one of the most successful second rounds in History, raising 542 million dollars.

  • The lead investor is none other than Google.

  • But everyone is asking, what is it? Here`s what we do know.

  • Magic Leap uses digitized light fields, to overlay 3-d images onto the real world.

  • It`s not virtual reality, which totally submerses the viewer in a completely artificial environment.

  • Instead, it`s a mixture of real and artificial.

  • It sounds similar to augmented reality, which is something that already exists on your smartphone, but early users claim it`s way better.

  • Lots of questions remain surrounding Magic Leap, the biggest being, will this stealth company actually deliver in reality.

  • Lots of questions remain surrounding Magic Leap, the biggest being, will this stealth company actually deliver in reality.

  • No baby elephant yet.

  • Before we go, National Chocolate Day? It`s today. It`s not an official holiday.

  • It appears this one was started by candy makers to get people to eat chocolate.

  • Do they really need to get people to eat chocolate? The flavor as we know it has been around for hundreds of years, at one point in Europe,

  • it was sold strictly as a drink and bought strictly by the wealthy, the only ones who could afford it.

  • Today, it`s cheap, it`s in practically everything.

  • But it`s not the number one flavor of ice cream. Chocolate holds second place for that behind vanilla.

  • You`ve got to say that both here are pretty sweet, but when it comes to candy, chocolates got to win bar none.

  • A piece of chocolate always comes in candy. You`ve got a chocolato.

  • Add up to the fact that it`s an international flavorite.

  • I`m Carl Azuz, and this segment has been a great taste. Joins us for more tomorrow.

We learned a lot of interesting stuff producing this Tuesday show. Hope you enjoy it. I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to ten minutes of commercial free current events for the classroom.

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October 28, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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