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  • I receive your organization that is the bucket field of social policy

  • I can’t define who comes to us or how long they stay

  • We get the people for whom nothing else is worked

  • People who are fallen for all the other social safety nets

  • They can’t contain them so we must. That’s our job.

  • Contain them, control them.

  • Over the years, as a prison system, as a nation and as a society, we become very good at that

  • But that shouldn’t make you happy.

  • Today, we incarcerate more people per capita than any other country in the world.

  • We have more black men in prison today than wonder slavery in 1850.

  • We house the parents of almost 3 million of our communitieschildren

  • And we become the new asylum. The largest know how provider in this nation.

  • When we lock someone up that is not a small thing.

  • And yet were call department of corrections.

  • Today I want to talk about changing the way we think about corrections.

  • I believe in my experience tells me that when we change the way we think, we create new possibilities or futures.

  • And prisons need a different future.

  • I spent my entire career in corrections over thirty years

  • I followed my dad into this field. He was a Vietnam veteran. Corrections suited him.

  • He was strong steady discipline.

  • I was not so much any those things and I’m sure that worrying about me.

  • Eventually, I decided if I was going to end up in prison, I’d better end up on the right side of the bars.

  • So I thought I’d check it out.

  • Take a tour the place my dad work.

  • McNeil Island Penitentiary.

  • Now this was the early eighties. The prisons wasn’t quite what you see on TV or in the movies.

  • In many ways, it was worse. I walked in was sell house those five tiers high.

  • The rape and the cell for 550 men that living in it.

  • And just in case you wonder, fisher one toilet no small confines.

  • An officer put t key in lockbox in hundreds men streamed out theirselves.

  • Hundreds of men streamed out themselves. I walked away as fast as I could.

  • Eventually, I went back and I started as an officer there.

  • My job was to run one of those cell blocks and to control those hundreds of men.

  • When I went to work in our reception center, I could actually hear the image drawn from the parking lot,

  • Shaking cell doors, yelling, tearing up their cells.

  • Take hundreds of all people and lock them up and what you get is chaos.

  • Contain and control that was our job.

  • One way we want to do this more effectively, was a new type of housing unit

  • Called intensive management unit.

  • I am you, a modern version of a whole.

  • We put inmates in cell behind solid steel doors with cut broads, so we can restrain them and feed them.

  • Guess what?

  • It got quieter. Disturbances died down a general population.

  • Places became safer because those inmates who are most violent or disruptive now be isolated.

  • But isolation is a good to pry people social contact and they deteriorate.

  • It was hard getting them out if I am you, for them and for us.

  • Even in prison, it’s no small thing to lock someone up.

  • My next assignment was to one of the statesdeep in prisons

  • Where someone far more violent or disruptive limits for house.

  • By then the industry had advanced a lot, we had different tools and techniques to manage disruptive behaviors.

  • We have beam back gun and pepper spray and Plexiglas shields, flash bangs, emergency response teams.

  • We met violence with force in chaos with chaos.

  • We were pretty good at putting out fires.

  • While I was there I met two experienced correction workers who are also researchers, an anthropologist and a sociologist.

  • One day one of them comment to me and said youre pretty good at putting out fires.

  • Have you ever thought about how to prevent them?

  • I was patient with them explaining our brutal force approach to making prisons safer.

  • They were patient with me out of those conversations we grew up some new ideas and we started some small experiments.

  • First, we stared training officers in teams rather than sending them one or two at a time to stay in training academy.

  • Instead of four weeks of training, we gave them ten.

  • Then, we experimented with an apprenticeship model repaired new staff with veteran staff.

  • They both got better at the work.

  • Second, we had a verbal escalation skills into the training continue on and made a part of the use of force continue on.

  • It was the non force to use of force.

  • And we did something even more radical, we trained inmates almost the same skills.

  • We changed the skill set reducing violence not just responding to it.

  • Third, we expanded our facility. We tried a new type of design.

  • Now the biggest and most controversial component of this design a course was the toilet.

  • There were no toilets.

  • Now, that might not sound significant to you today

  • But at the time, it was huge.

  • No one has ever heard of a cell without toilet.

  • We all thought it was dangerous and crazy even a man house has a toilet.

  • That small detail change the way we work.

  • Inmates and staff started interacting more often and openly in developing report.

  • It was easier to detect conflict intervene before escalated.

  • The unit was clear, quieter, safer, and more humane.

  • This was more effective in keeping the peace in any intimidation technique had seen to that point.

  • Interacting changes our way to behave. Both for the officer and the inmates.

  • We changed the environment and we changed the behavior.

  • Now, just in case, I haven’t learned this lesson, they assigned me to headquarters next,

  • And that’s where I ran straight up against system change.

  • Now, many things work against system change.

  • Politics and politicians, bills and laws, courts and lawsuits, internal politics.

  • System change is difficult and slow.

  • In oftentimes, it doesn’t take you where you want to go.

  • It’s no small thing to change a prison system.

  • So what I didn’t do was I reflected on my earlier experiences.

  • I remembered that when irritate two defenders then he went down.

  • When we changing environment, behavior change. And these were not huge system changes.

  • These were small changes and these changes create new possibilities.

  • So next I got reassigned a super tended a small prison.

  • And at the same time, I was working on my degree at the Evergreen State College.

  • I interact with a lot of people who were not like me. people have different ideas and came from different backgrounds.

  • One of them was rainforest ecologist.

  • She looked at my small prison, and what she saw was a laboratory.

  • We talked and discovered how prison’s inmates can actually help advanced science.

  • By helping them complete projects that they couldn’t complete on their own.

  • Like repopulating endangered species, frogs, butterflies. Endangered party plants

  • At the same time, we found ways to make our operation more efficient through the addition over a solar power, rainwater catchment

  • Organic gardening, recycling.

  • This initiative has led to many projects that had huge system-wide impact

  • Not just our system but another state systems as well.

  • Small experiments making a big difference.

  • The science to the community. The way we think about our work changes our work.

  • The project just make my job more interesting and exciting.

  • I was excited. Staffs were excited. Officers were excited. Inmates were excited.

  • They were inspired. Everybody wanted to be a part of this.

  • Theyre making a contribution and difference. One they thought was meaningful and important.

  • Let me be clear on what’s going on there though.

  • Inmates are highly adaptive. They have to be.

  • Oftentimes, they know more about our own systems than the people who run them.

  • And theyre here for a reason.

  • I don’t see my job is to punish them or forgive them.

  • But I do think they can have decent and meaningful lives even in prison.

  • So that was a question.

  • Could inmates live a decent and meaningful life?

  • And if so, what difference would that make?

  • So I took that question back to the deep end where some of our most violent offenders were housed.

  • Remember I’m a user for punishment. You don’t get perks are like programming that was how we thought.

  • And then we started to realize that if any inmates need this programming.

  • It was these particular inmates, in fact they needed intensive program.

  • So we changed our thinking 180 degrees and we start looking for new possibilities.

  • What we found was a new kind of chair.

  • Instead of using the chair for punishment, we put it in classrooms.

  • We didn’t forget our responsibility to control.

  • But now inmates can interact safely face to face with other inmates and staff.

  • And because control was no longer an issue, everybody could focus on other things.

  • Like learning, behavior changed.

  • We changed our thinking and we changed what was possible and that gives me hope.

  • Now, I can’t tell you that any of this stuff will work.

  • What I can tell you though, it is working.

  • Our prison are getting safer for both staff and inmates.

  • And more prisons are safe, we can put our energy in a lot more than just controlling.

  • Reducing recidivism maybe our ultimate goal, but it’s not our only goal.

  • To be honest with you, preventing crime took so much more from so many more people in institutions.

  • If we rely on just present to reduce the crime, I’m afraid well never get there.

  • But prisons can do something we never thought they could do.

  • Prisons can be the source of innovation and sustainability.

  • Repopulating endangered species, environmental restoration.

  • Inmates can be scientists and beekeepers, dog rescuers.

  • Prisons can be the source of a meaningful work and opportunity for staff and the inmates who live there.

  • We can contain and control and provide humane environments.

  • These are not opposing qualities.

  • We can’t wait ten to twenty years to find out if this is worth doing.

  • Our strategy is not massive system change.

  • Our strategies hundreds of small changes that take place in days or months not years.

  • We need more small pilots where we learn as we go.

  • Pilots that change the range of possibility.

  • We need new better way to measure impacts on engagement on interaction on safe environments.

  • We need more opportunities to participate in and contribute to our communities, your communities.

  • Prisons need to be secure. Yes. Safe. Yes.

  • We can do that. Prisons you provide humane environments where people can participate, contribute and more meaningful lives.

  • Were learning how to do that.

  • That’s why I’m hopeful.

  • We don’t have to stay stuck in old ideas about prison.

  • We can define that. We can create that.

  • And when we do that thoughtfully with humanity.

  • Prisons can be more than the bucket prevail social policy.

  • Maybe finally, well honor title.

  • A department of corrections.

  • Thank you!

I receive your organization that is the bucket field of social policy

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B1 US TED prison system change small meaningful staff

【TED】Dan Pacholke: How prisons can help inmates live meaningful lives (Dan Pacholke: How prisons can help inmates live meaningful lives)

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    Go Tutor posted on 2014/10/26
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