## Subtitles section Play video

• Hello, my name is Emma, and in today's video, we are going to talk about the difference

• between: "meanwhile" and "while". Okay? So, often times, these words are confused and

• I will tell you when to use which. So, let's get started.

• First of all, I have two sentences. The first sentence:

• "I will do my homework while you watch TV." The second sentence:

• "I went to a concert. Meanwhile, my friend was at a restaurant."

• Okay, I want you to think for one second. Can you see any differences between these

• sentences? I know they're different sentences, but try to think: what is the difference between:

• "while" and "meanwhile"? Take a guess. Okay. So, let me explain some of the differences.

• Both of these: "while", "meanwhile", both of them have a very similar meaning. You use

• it when two things, two actions are happening during the same time, at the same time. Okay?

• So when two things are happening usually at the same time. So, the difference is really

• in how we construct the sentence. If you look at my chart here, I have: "while"

• versus: "meanwhile", or: "meanwhile" versus: "while". One of the first differences I want

• to point out is that "meanwhile" connects two sentences. So we have our first sentence:

• "I went to a concert. Meanwhile, my friend was at a restaurant." So: "meanwhile", you

• always need two sentences; the actions are split up into two sentences.

• Another thing that's important to know is that you can't have "meanwhile" here. "Meanwhile,

• I went to a concert. My friend was at a restaurant." It doesn't work. It always has to be two actions,

• and "meanwhile" goes between these two actions. So there's always a sentence about an action,

• and then "meanwhile" with the second action. Okay, so it connects two sentences.

• With "while", what do you notice? "I will do my homework while you watch TV." How many

• sentences are there? If you said: "one", you are correct; this is just one whole sentence.

• So, we still have two actions. The first action: "I will do my homework", second action: "you

• watch TV", but it is all in one sentence; there is only one period, not two. So that's

• a major difference between: "while" and: "meanwhile". Two sentences versus one sentence.

• What's another difference? Let me jump here. Notice where "meanwhile" is located in the

• sentence. It's at the beginning of the second sentence, like I mentioned. So you say the

• first sentence, "meanwhile", second sentence. Whereas with "while", it can be at the beginning

• or middle of a sentence. So, for example, I could say: "I will do my homework while

• you watch TV." This is in the middle of a sentence. But I could change this sentence

• to: "While you watch TV, I will do my homework." So you have a choice with this; it can be

• here or here. I could say: "While I... While I do my homework, you can watch TV." So the

• placement of "while" can change, "meanwhile", it can't change; it's stuck where it is. So

• let's look at some more differences. So what are some other differences between:

• "while" and "meanwhile"? Well, one of them you might have noticed is the comma. "Meanwhile"...

• So I have some sentences... Some new sentences here. Actually, let me first tell you these

• sentences. "Every day, I eat breakfast while reading

• the newspaper." "While you sang, I took pictures of you."

• "Mom worked all day. Meanwhile, I was at school." So what can you notice about commas? There

• is a comma always after "meanwhile". Okay. So that's a difference. With "while", is there

• a comma right after "while" like this? No. There's no comma there. Okay.

• What is another difference? Well, "meanwhile" is followed by a subject. What's a subject?

• "I", "you", "she", "he", "they", "we", "the dog", "the cat", these are all subjects. So

• if we look at "meanwhile" - jump to this side -, so: "Mom worked all day. Meanwhile, I"...

• "I" is a subject. So we have subject, and then the verb: "I was", "Meanwhile, she was",

• "Meanwhile, he ate a sandwich", "Meanwhile, we went the mall." So you always need a subject

• after "meanwhile". With "while", it's a little different. You

• can have a subject, like for example: "While you sang, I took pictures." So here you have

• your subject. But it's not always necessary. Often times, "while" is followed by a verb

• with "ing". Here's an example: "Every day, I eat breakfast while reading the newspaper."

• There's no subject, it's just I know that it's talking about "I", you don't have to

• repeat the "I". So "while" can be followed by verb-"ing". I could also say: "While reading

• the newspaper, I ate breakfast." Okay? So these are some more differences.

• Okay, is there anything we missed? Nope. All right. So now let's do some practice questions

• together to see and to make sure that you know the difference between: "while" and "meanwhile".

• Okay, so let's look at our first sentence: "People were at home watching TV. __________

• aliens were planning their invasion of the Earth."

• Oo. So, what do you think it is? Do you think it's: "While aliens were planning their invasion

• of the Earth", or: "Meanwhile, aliens were planning their invasion of the Earth"? Think

• about it for a second. What clues do you have? Point out a clue: you have a period here.

• Does that help? The answer is: "meanwhile" because we have two sentences. And what comes

• after "meanwhile"? Comma. Good. Okay. Next question:

• "__________ I was waiting for Jeremy, I heard a loud noise."

• Is it: "Meanwhile, I was waiting for Jeremy, I heard a loud noise", or: "While I was waiting

• for Jeremy, I heard a loud noise"? If you said: "meanwhile", you are incorrect. The

• answer is: "while". So: "While I was waiting for Jeremy, I heard a loud noise." Why is

• it "while"? "Meanwhile"... Okay, well first of all, how many sentences do you see? There's

• only one sentence here. Okay? So that's point one, why we use "while". Secondly, "meanwhile"

• is never at the beginning; it's between two sentences. In this case, "while" can be at

• the beginning. Okay, one other thing I want to point out here: "While I was waiting for

• Jeremy," if "while" is at the beginning of the sentence, after you do: "while", subject,

• verb, object, comma before the next part. Let's check out question number three:

• "I read a lot of books __________ I was on the airplane."

• Okay, so what do you think it is? "Meanwhile" or "while"? If you said: "while", you are

• correct. "I read a lot of books while I was on the airplane." How do we know it's "while"?

• Well, again, how many sentences do you see? You see one sentence, therefore, we can tell

• it's "while". So to practice more of these types of questions,

• to practice the difference between: "while" and "meanwhile", I want to invite you to our

• website: www.engvid.com. There will be a quiz and you can practice this more. Also, if you

• would like to subscribe to my YouTube channel, come check it out. Until next time.

Hello, my name is Emma, and in today's video, we are going to talk about the difference

Subtitles and vocabulary

Operation of videos Adjust the video here to display the subtitles

A2 US sentence watch tv comma subject homework jeremy

# Speaking English: WHILE or MEANWHILE?

• 558 112
Calvin Liu posted on 2014/09/08
Video vocabulary