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  • Hi, there. Welcome to EngVid. Today, we are looking at how to maximize your points on

  • IELTS speaking tests, in particular one and three. I'm going to be giving you some very

  • valuable tips for how to make the most and how to do your very best in these tests.

  • So what do you need to do? You need to answer with a little bit more detail. You need to

  • extend your answers a little bit, okay? Answer the question that they ask. Okay. It doesn't

  • matter if you prepare something and they don't -- they ask a question that your answer is

  • no good for, drop it. You have to make an effort to answer their question.

  • Now, today, we're going to be looking at using some relative pronouns and some relative adverbs

  • to lengthen out your sentences a little bit, okay? So extending your answers, answering

  • the question. As you may be aware, IELTS speaking tests one and three, they're particularly

  • looking for you to give information about yourself, to tell people about yourself, okay?

  • So I'm saying that these pronouns and adverbs are going to be particularly helpful. So these

  • pronouns you put in the middle of sentences to continue the sentence and give a bit more.

  • So you'd use "who" to describe people. "The person I met who is a shopkeeper" -- "The

  • person I went to school with who is now a famous movie star" -- okay? So "who", when

  • you're giving more information about the person, okay, who's doing something, who's the subject.

  • Okay? You can also use "whom", but it's not so common. "Whom" would be the indirect version

  • of this, someone who's not doing something.

  • Now, you'd use that when you're describing things. Okay? "I went to Bath on Saturday.

  • That was a fantastic place to visit." Okay? So I'm describing the activity of going to

  • a place. Okay? Bath itself. So? So it's a proper noun.

  • "Which" I can throw in there when I want to also describe things in a sorted of non-defining

  • clause sense. "The film which I saw on Saturday was really good." Okay? You can get some more

  • information on this on another one of our videos.

  • "Whose" when I'm describing a possession. So, "The car I drove whose owner was Charlie"

  • -- okay? So I'm describing an element of possession. Okay?

  • Now, looking on to the relative adverbs. I can use "when" when I'm talking about times.

  • "I went to school when I was aged 13 to 18." Yeah? I can use "where" when I'm talking about

  • the place that something happened. So "I went to the actor's temple, where I learnt a lot

  • about acting." Okay? So giving more information about that particular place. I can use "why"

  • -- I mean, "why" normally results in a question. It's difficult to include "why" and then end

  • in a full stop. So you could say, "I decided to cross the road today. Why do you think

  • that is? Well, I went to go and buy some food."

  • Now, I'm going to put some examples here to show you how we can use these.

  • "I went to school with Charlie who" -- okay, so now the next bit gives more information

  • about the person, okay? -- "the man who helped me pass my driving test who" -- so I'm giving

  • even more information about this person -- "now lives in a place in the north of England."

  • "I enjoyed playing" -- "I played football at school, which was fun." So "which" there

  • is talking about, you know, the activity as I mentioned here.

  • "The teacher whose expertise" -- so I'm talking about the skill that that teacher had. Possessive,

  • okay? -- "the teacher whose expertise helped me pass my exam."

  • Now, I hope I've shed a little light. I know some of these might be unfamiliar to you.

  • Should we just have a quick recap of this? So I'm going to use "who" when I'm describing

  • people. "The person I went to school with, who is now doing well. The person I met at

  • the shop, who was a very nice person." Okay? So these are kind of small little chunks that

  • you kind of put on to the end of the sentence. Yeah? "The place that I went today was really

  • great." So "that I went today" is the extra bit of information.

  • "Which" -- "The sandwich, which I had at lunch, was really good." So "had at lunch" is that

  • little bit more information.

  • "The car, whose owner I really like, was very good to drive." So if you've got a sentence,

  • you're putting in a little bit more information here, and then finishing it here, okay? "The

  • car, whose owner I really like, drives fast." Okay? So you'd separate it with two commas.

  • Now, don't worry if you're a little bit confused by this because you can now refer to a very

  • clear quiz that I've created on that should test you with these key words

  • and make sure that you've really cemented it, made certain of these words for yourself.

  • So please now go to the website and check out the quiz if you're not already

  • there. And hopefully, my answers will make all this a little bit more clear for you.

  • Do feel free to subscribe to my YouTube channel, and I'd love you also to check out my Exquisite

  • English page. Thank you for watching today, and I just hope that using these key little

  • words will help you get that extra bit more information. Well done. Goodbye.

Hi, there. Welcome to EngVid. Today, we are looking at how to maximize your points on

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IELTS Speaking: The Secret Method

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    Ashley Chen posted on 2014/08/25
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