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  • So I've been thinking about the difference between

  • thesumé virtues and the eulogy virtues.

  • Thesumé virtues are the ones you put on yoursumé,

  • which are the skills you bring to the marketplace.

  • The eulogy virtues are the ones

  • that get mentioned in the eulogy,

  • which are deeper: who are you, in your depth,

  • what is the nature of your relationships,

  • are you bold, loving, dependable, consistency?

  • And most of us, including me, would say

  • that the eulogy virtues are the more important of the virtues.

  • But at least in my case, are they the ones that

  • I think about the most? And the answer is no.

  • So I've been thinking about that problem,

  • and a thinker who has helped me think about it

  • is a guy named Joseph Soloveitchik, who was a rabbi

  • who wrote a book called "The Lonely Man Of Faith" in 1965.

  • Soloveitchik said there are two sides of our natures,

  • which he called Adam I and Adam II.

  • Adam I is the worldly, ambitious,

  • external side of our nature.

  • He wants to build, create, create companies,

  • create innovation.

  • Adam II is the humble side of our nature.

  • Adam II wants not only to do good but to be good,

  • to live in a way internally

  • that honors God, creation and our possibilities.

  • Adam I wants to conquer the world.

  • Adam II wants to hear a calling and obey the world.

  • Adam I savors accomplishment.

  • Adam II savors inner consistency and strength.

  • Adam I asks how things work.

  • Adam II asks why we're here.

  • Adam I's motto is "success."

  • Adam II's motto is "love, redemption and return."

  • And Soloveitchik argued that these two sides

  • of our nature are at war with each other.

  • We live in perpetual self-confrontation

  • between the external success and the internal value.

  • And the tricky thing, I'd say, about these

  • two sides of our nature is they work

  • by different logics.

  • The external logic is an economic logic:

  • input leads to output, risk leads to reward.

  • The internal side of our nature

  • is a moral logic and often an inverse logic.

  • You have to give to receive.

  • You have to surrender to something outside yourself

  • to gain strength within yourself.

  • You have to conquer the desire to get what you want.

  • In order to fulfill yourself, you have to forget yourself.

  • In order to find yourself, you have to lose yourself.

  • We happen to live in a society that favors Adam I,

  • and often neglects Adam II.

  • And the problem is, that turns you into a shrewd animal

  • who treats life as a game,

  • and you become a cold, calculating creature

  • who slips into a sort of mediocrity

  • where you realize there's a difference

  • between your desired self and your actual self.

  • You're not earning the sort of eulogy you want,

  • you hope someone will give to you.

  • You don't have the depth of conviction.

  • You don't have an emotional sonorousness.

  • You don't have commitment to tasks

  • that would take more than a lifetime to commit.

  • I was reminded of a common response through history

  • of how you build a solid Adam II,

  • how you build a depth of character.

  • Through history, people have gone back

  • into their own pasts,

  • sometimes to a precious time in their life,

  • to their childhood,

  • and often, the mind gravitates in the past

  • to a moment of shame,

  • some sin committed, some act of selfishness,

  • an act of omission, of shallowness,

  • the sin of anger, the sin of self-pity,

  • trying to be a people-pleaser, a lack of courage.

  • Adam I is built by building on your strengths.

  • Adam II is built by fighting your weaknesses.

  • You go into yourself, you find the sin

  • which you've committed over and again through your life,

  • your signature sin

  • out of which the others emerge,

  • and you fight that sin and you wrestle with that sin,

  • and out of that wrestling, that suffering,

  • then a depth of character is constructed.

  • And we're often not taught to recognize

  • the sin in ourselves,

  • in that we're not taught in this culture

  • how to wrestle with it,

  • how to confront it, and how to combat it.

  • We live in a culture with an Adam I mentality

  • where we're inarticulate about Adam II.

  • Finally, Reinhold Niebuhr

  • summed up the confrontation, the fully lived

  • Adam I and Adam II life, this way:

  • "Nothing that is worth doing can be achieved in our lifetime;

  • therefore we must be saved by hope.

  • Nothing which is true or beautiful or good makes

  • complete sense in any immediate context of history;

  • therefore we must be saved by faith.

  • Nothing we do, however virtuous, can be accomplished alone;

  • therefore we must be saved by love.

  • No virtuous act is quite as virtuous

  • from the standpoint of our friend or foe as from our own standpoint.

  • Therefore we must be saved by that final form of love,

  • which is forgiveness.”

  • Thanks.

  • (Applause)

So I've been thinking about the difference between

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B1 US TED adam sin nature saved external

【TED】David Brooks: Should you live for your résumé ... or your eulogy? (David Brooks: Should you live for your résumé ... or your eulogy?)

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    田兒 posted on 2014/08/24
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