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  • As your week winds down, we are glad you`re taking ten minutes to get up to speed on world events. I`m Carl Azuz with CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • Today`s show starts in the Middle East.

  • Rockets launched across borders, airstrikes.

  • This is the ongoing violence between Hamas and Israel.

  • Hamas is a political party that controls the Palestinian territory of Gaza.

  • The U.S. and European Union consider Hamas as terrorist group.

  • In the latest conflict that began in July Hamas has been blamed for firing 3500 rockets toward Israel.

  • 67 Israelis have been killed, most of them Israeli soldiers.

  • They`ve been involved in a ground operation to destroy secret tunnels that Hamas used to approach and attack Israel.

  • Israel has also launched airstrikes aimed at suspected terrorists.

  • More than 2,000 Palestinians have been killed.

  • Here`s the question facing Israel, Hamas and the international community.

  • How do you prevent a repeat of the conflict?

  • The reconstruction of Gaza seems to hold the key.

  • The destruction is massive. Satellite images show entire city blocks and neighborhoods wiped out.

  • The U.N. estimates about a quarter of all Gaza`s population has been displaced.

  • Nearly 60,000 people lost their homes. Schools, hospitals, factories, all part of the rebel. And the sewage system is totally destroyed.

  • Palestinians in Gaza say life there is a prison, and to keep the peace Hamas is demanding an end to what it calls the blockade of Gaza.

  • Now, Israel controls three of Gaza`s borders.

  • But remains very wary of goods coming into Gaza without strict monitoring of the border with Egypt.

  • They don`t want Hamas using materials brought into Gaza like cement to rebuild those tunnels and stage attacks against Israelis.

  • If that were to happen, Israel would undoubtedly respond and we would see yet another cycle of violence.

  • That`s why Israel wants the Palestinian Authority run by President Mahmoud Abbas to take control over Gaza 7.5 mile border with Egypt.

  • To prevent the smuggling of weapons.

  • It also hopes that that could strengthen President Abbas`s hand in Gaza and help with their ultimate goal of full demilitarization of Hamas.

  • And that could stop the rocket fire, which by now can reach almost anywhere in Israel.

  • This all on the table at ongoing talks between Israelis and Palestinians in Cairo into the long term truce, up to ten years.

  • Now, that`s how long the U.N. says it will take to rebuild Gaza to the tune of $4 to $6 billion.

  • The U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon set a permanent solution must be found.

  • Because this is the last time the said that the international community will rebuild Gaza only to have it torn down again by another war.

  • We`ve been talking a lot about ISIS or Islamic State this year.

  • This is a murderous terrorist organization that`s been taking over parts of Iraq.

  • ISIS wants to create a theocracy in the Middle East based on its strict interpretation of Islam.

  • The group has been killing people who don`t share its extreme beliefs.

  • That includes James Foley. He was a 40- year old American journalist.

  • He disappeared in Northwest Syria in 2012.

  • ISIS released information this week that it had brutally murdered James Foley.

  • It said any U.S. attempt to fight ISIS would result in American bloodshed.

  • They may claim out of expediency that they are at war with the United States or the West,

  • but the fact is they terrorized their neighbors, and offered them nothing but an endless slavery to their empty vision.

  • And the collapse of any definition of civilized behavior.

  • And people like this ultimately fail.

  • ISIS had taken over a dam near the Iraqi city of Mosul last month.

  • It`s a strategic place on the Tigris River. If the dam were to fail, it could cause catastrophic flooding in a huge part of Iraq.

  • A group of Kurdish fighters, people from northern Iraq were battling to regain control of the dam.

  • And with support from U.S. airstrikes they did it. The Kurdish fighters are known as the Peshmerga.

  • Time for the Shoutout. Every year, the U.S. produces about 250 million tons of what? If you think you know it, shout it out!

  • Is it soybeans, garbage, paper or cheese? You`ve got three seconds, go!

  • Environmental Protection Agency says Americans produce about 250 million tons of trash in a year.

  • Environmental Protection Agency says Americans produce about 250 million tons of trash in a year.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.

  • The EPA says a little over a third of that garbage is recycled, a lot of what`s left is compacted and shipped off landfills.

  • Of course, it takes workers to get that done.

  • And there`s a new type of trashcan being tested that aims to help make the process more efficient.

  • Comes at a cost, though, in both the price of the cans and the jobs of those who manage them.

  • Trash is a problem that`s plagued humans since we moved into cities.

  • And dealing with it is messy and expensive.

  • America spends approximately $55 billion a year of managing waste.

  • But in Philadelphia, a trashcan is revolutionizing waste management cutting down on air pollution and potentially saving the city millions in the process.

  • The concept was to marry solar technology, some wireless technology and some trash compaction.

  • The BigBelly Solar compactor automatically crashes down its trash,

  • allowing it to hold five times the amount of garbage as a standard waste basket.

  • When it`s full it sends its alert to website indicating it means to be empty.

  • That little alert makes a bit difference.

  • Before BigBelly we have wide baskets (INAUDIBLE) city.

  • They were serviced 17 times per week.

  • The installation of the BigBelly units have allowed us to now only service the BigBelly four times a week,

  • which is approximately a million dollar saving for the city of Philadelphia.

  • Most of that savings has come from cutting the size of collection crews.

  • In Philadelphia`s case, they took a crew of 33 trash collection staff.

  • And reoriented it into approximately nine guys now collecting trash and the rest of the guys have been working on the recycling effort.

  • A single compactor can operate for an entire year on the energy it takes to drive a garbage truck one mile.

  • The city showed that a total of $4.7 million for the smart trashcans.

  • Well, you are talking about spending $3500 to $3900, one of (INAUDIBLE) that is sound.

  • That great at first, but when you see the savings in reduction of the crew cost, you always want to pay for themselves within five years.

  • Major cities across the world from New York to London are also using these smart trashcans.

  • But the Philly experiment is the largest.

  • Trash will always be a part of our lives, but with smart technology it doesn`t have to be a total waste.

  • Roll Call is all about you. Who is watching? The three schools on today`s show were chosen from Wednesday transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com.

  • We`ll start in a heartland. Manhattan, Kansas is where you`ll find Susan B. Anthony Middle School.

  • Their mascot is the tornadoes.

  • In Covington, Louisiana, say hello to the Hawks.

  • They are watching tat Archbishop Hannan High School.

  • And in Romney, West Virginia we`ve got the Trojans (ph) online. Hello to everyone at Hampshire High School.

  • You are probably watching this sitting down. I`m anchoring it sitting down. But chairs take up space.

  • So, a company based in Switzerland came up with this: the chairless chair.

  • People would wear it strapped to their wastes and legs.

  • The company says you can walk in it, run in it, limb stairs in it,

  • but when you need to have a sit, you`d already have one strapped to your seat.

  • Probably, more useful on the job like in an assembly line than it would be at school, but if you are somewhere careless and you`re looking to get a leg up on tired people,

  • this invention might sit the bill.

  • Assuming your self-consciousness isn`t deep-seated.

  • That`s something you`d have to take up with the chairman.

  • I`m Carl Azuz. We hope you`ll have a seat again tomorrow for ten more minutes of commercial free CNN STUDENT NEWS.

As your week winds down, we are glad you`re taking ten minutes to get up to speed on world events. I`m Carl Azuz with CNN STUDENT NEWS.

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August 21, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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