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  • I would like to share with you

  • a new model of higher education,

  • a model that, once expanded,

  • can enhance the collective intelligence

  • of millions of creative and motivated individuals

  • that otherwise would be left behind.

  • Look at the world.

  • Pick up a place and focus on it.

  • You will find humans chasing higher education.

  • Let's meet some of them.

  • Patrick.

  • Patrick was born in Liberia

  • to a family of 20 children.

  • During the civil war, he and his family were forced

  • to flee to Nigeria.

  • There, in spite of his situation,

  • he graduated high school with nearly perfect grades.

  • He wanted to continue to higher education,

  • but due to his family

  • living on the poverty line,

  • he was soon sent to South Africa

  • to work and send back money

  • to feed his family.

  • Patrick never gave up his dream of higher education.

  • Late at night, after work,

  • he surfed the Net looking for ways to study.

  • Meet Debbie.

  • Debbie is from Florida.

  • Her parents didn't go to college,

  • and neither did any of her siblings.

  • Debbie has worked all her life,

  • pays taxes, supports herself month to month,

  • proud of the American dream,

  • a dream that just won't be complete

  • without higher education.

  • But Debbie doesn't have the savings

  • for higher education.

  • She can't pay the tuition.

  • Neither could she leave work.

  • Meet Wael.

  • Wael is from Syria.

  • He's firsthand experiencing

  • the misery, fear and failure

  • imposed on his country.

  • He's a big believer in education.

  • He knew that if he would find an opportunity

  • for higher education,

  • an opportunity to get ahead of the rest,

  • he has a better chance to survive

  • in a world turned upside down.

  • The higher education system

  • failed Patrick, Debbie and Wael,

  • exactly as it is failing

  • millions of potential students,

  • millions that graduate high school,

  • millions that are qualified for higher education,

  • millions that want to study

  • yet cannot access for various reasons.

  • First, financial.

  • Universities are expensive. We all know it.

  • In large parts of the world,

  • higher education is unattainable

  • for an average citizen.

  • This is probably the biggest problem

  • facing our society.

  • Higher education stopped being a right for all

  • and became a privilege for the few.

  • Second, cultural.

  • Students who are qualified for higher education,

  • can afford, want to study, cannot

  • because it is not decent,

  • it is not a place for a woman.

  • This is the story of countless women

  • in Africa, for example,

  • prevented from higher education

  • because of cultural barriers.

  • And here comes the third reason:

  • UNESCO stated that in 2025,

  • 100 million students

  • will be deprived from higher education

  • simply because there will not be enough seats

  • to accommodate them, to meet the demand.

  • They will take a placement test,

  • they will pass it,

  • but they still won't have access

  • because there are no places available.

  • These are the reasons

  • I founded University of the People,

  • a nonprofit, tuition-free,

  • degree-granting university

  • to give an alternative,

  • to create an alternative to those who have no other,

  • an alternative that will be affordable

  • and scalable,

  • an alternative that will disrupt

  • the current education system,

  • open the gates to higher education

  • for every qualified student

  • regardless of what they earn, where they live,

  • or what society says about them.

  • Patrick, Debbie and Wael

  • are only three examples

  • out of the 1,700 accepted students

  • from 143 countries.

  • We — (Applause) — Thank you.

  • We didn't need to reinvent the wheel.

  • We just looked at what wasn't working

  • and used the amazing power of the Internet

  • to get around it.

  • We set out to build a model

  • that will cut down almost entirely

  • the cost of higher education,

  • and that's how we did it.

  • First, bricks and mortar cost money.

  • Universities have expenses

  • that virtual universities don't.

  • We don't need to pass these expenses

  • onto our students.

  • They don't exist.

  • We also don't need to worry about capacity.

  • There are no limits of seats

  • in virtual university.

  • Actually, nobody needs to stand

  • at the back of the lecture hall.

  • Textbooks is also something

  • our students don't need to buy.

  • By using open educational resources

  • and the generosity of professors

  • who are putting their material

  • free and accessible,

  • we don't need to send our students to buy textbooks.

  • All of our materials come free.

  • Even professors,

  • the most expensive line in any university balance sheet,

  • come free to our students,

  • over 3,000 of them,

  • including presidents, vice chancellors,

  • professors and academic advisors

  • from top universities such as NYU,

  • Yale, Berkeley and Oxford,

  • came on board to help our students.

  • Finally, it's our belief in peer-to-peer learning.

  • We use this sound pedagogical model

  • to encourage our students from all over the world

  • to interact and study together

  • and also to reduce the time

  • our professors need to labor over class assignments.

  • If the Internet has made us a global village,

  • this model can develop its future leadership.

  • Look how we do it.

  • We only offer two programs:

  • business administration and computer science,

  • the two programs

  • that are most in demand worldwide,

  • the two programs that are likeliest

  • to help our students find a job.

  • When our students are accepted,

  • they are placed in a small classroom

  • of 20 to 30 students to ensure

  • that those who need personalized attention get it.

  • Moreover, for every nine weeks' course,

  • they meet a new peer,

  • a whole new set of students

  • from all over the world.

  • Every week, when they go into the classroom,

  • they find the lecture notes of the week,

  • the reading assignment, the homework assignment,

  • and the discussion question,

  • which is the core of our studies.

  • Every week, every student

  • must contribute to the class discussion

  • and also must comment

  • on the contribution of others.

  • This way, we open our students' minds,

  • we develop a positive shift in attitude

  • toward different cultures.

  • By the end of each week,

  • the students take a quiz,

  • hand in their homework,

  • which are assessed by their peers

  • under the supervision of the instructors,

  • get a grade, move to the next week.

  • By the end of the course, they take the final exam,

  • get a grade, and follow to the next course.

  • We opened the gates for higher education

  • for every qualified student.

  • Every student with a high school diploma,

  • sufficient English and Internet connection

  • can study with us.

  • We don't use audio. We don't use video.

  • Broadband is not necessary.

  • Any student from any part of the world

  • with any Internet connection

  • can study with us.

  • We are tuition-free.

  • All we ask our students to cover

  • is the cost of their exams,

  • 100 dollars per exam.

  • A full-time bachelor degree student

  • taking 40 courses,

  • will pay 1,000 dollars a year,

  • 4,000 dollars for the entire degree,

  • and for those who cannot afford even this,

  • we offer them a variety of scholarships.

  • It is our mission that nobody will be left behind

  • for financial reasons.

  • With 5,000 students in 2016,

  • this model is financially sustainable.

  • Five years ago, it was a vision.

  • Today, it is a reality.

  • Last month, we got the ultimate

  • academic endorsement to our model.

  • University of the People is now fully accredited.

  • (Applause)

  • Thank you.

  • With this accreditation,

  • it's our time now to scale up.

  • We have demonstrated that our model works.

  • I invite universities and, even more important,

  • developing countries' governments,

  • to replicate this model

  • to ensure that the gates of higher education

  • will open widely.

  • A new era is coming,

  • an era that will witness

  • the disruption of the higher education model

  • as we know it today,

  • from being a privilege for the few

  • to becoming a basic right,

  • affordable and accessible for all.

  • Thank you.

  • (Applause)

I would like to share with you

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B1 TED higher education education debbie model patrick

【TED】Shai Reshef: An ultra-low-cost college degree (An ultra-low-cost college degree | Shai Reshef)

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    Daniel Chin posted on 2014/08/09
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