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  • on the island of hawaii sits a dormant

  • volcano named mauna kea

  • it's the highest point in hawaii and if

  • you measure from the sea floor

  • it's the tallest mountain in the world

  • and this height

  • paired with a few other important

  • elements has made it home to numerous

  • observatories but this mountain

  • isn't just a perfect place to peer deep

  • into the vastness of our universe

  • it's also a very sacred place for the

  • local native hawaiian people

  • who have been protesting the

  • construction of a newly planned

  • telescope

  • since the site was selected for

  • construction in 2009

  • this film from co-directors carter lau

  • and duncan hager

  • as well as their team from chapman

  • university looks to shed light on an

  • important debate that may have been

  • tragically overlooked

  • so many times in the past science versus

  • culture

  • this is beyond the mana

  • i have no choice but to be here to

  • defend

  • that place that is most sacred to me and

  • that's the summit of mauna kea

  • now construction of the 30 meter

  • telescope is set to begin this morning

  • on mauna kea

  • and it's being met with some big

  • protests

  • we're told there were 33 people who were

  • arrested

  • it's time for native people to stand up

  • for their rights

  • astronomy at its core is understanding

  • the universe and our place in it

  • my dream is to work at one of the

  • observatories on mauna kea

  • as a native hawaiian she says the

  • telescope is part of her heritage

  • there comes a time in your life where

  • you have to stand for something

  • we hawaiians can look up at the stars

  • and

  • know that we are all connected this is

  • an important stand this is the last

  • stand

  • this is not a game this is for real

  • long long ago when the world was new

  • wakea the sky

  • father looked down and saw the beauty of

  • papahanaumoku the earth mother

  • from this love was born mountains which

  • rose high

  • above papa's waves touching the face of

  • their father

  • he placed beautiful lay of clouds on

  • their heads

  • and papa placed beautiful lay of seafoam

  • on their necks

  • kamauna awakea the mountain of wakaya

  • was the kupuna or firstborn and was held

  • in high

  • esteem as the pico the center

  • of the beginning of the hawaii island

  • man was first introduced to the islands

  • around 400 to 500

  • a.d groups of polynesians from the

  • marquesas islands

  • first landed on the southern coast kalai

  • on the big island of hawaii traversing

  • the ocean

  • on double hulk canoes and navigating by

  • the only tool they needed

  • the stars

  • [Music]

  • the 30 meter telescope on mauna kea is

  • the best instrument to answer one of

  • humanity's biggest questions

  • is there life outside of earth now

  • construction of the 30 meter telescope

  • is set to begin this morning on mauna

  • kea

  • and it's being met with some big

  • protests

  • billy freitas and at least a dozen

  • kupuna bound themselves together with

  • miley lay across the base of mauna kea

  • access road

  • continuing to follow breaking news we're

  • live at mauna kea access road this

  • morning we showed you just moments ago

  • live on wake up today the first kupuna

  • being arrested

  • we're told there were 33 people who were

  • arrested

  • now they chose to be cited and then

  • released

  • today was an emotionally intense day for

  • both sides

  • because those who were arrested were

  • kupuna officials also say it was hard

  • for them because the officers

  • making the arrests were taking friends

  • and family into custody

  • [Music]

  • my name is dr noinoy wong wilson i'm one

  • of the kupuna

  • who have been residing here in the camps

  • the reason we've been here for 155 days

  • is to stop the tmt trucks from going up

  • the mountain

  • to begin their construction project

  • [Music]

  • i was arrested on july 17th along with

  • 37 other kupuna

  • for sitting on the road and blocking

  • tmt trucks from going up onto the

  • mountain

  • and it was painful it was emotional

  • and we all cried but they understood

  • they understood that this was going to

  • be a long fight

  • this is a fight about our mountain and

  • about the sacredness of it

  • and the intrusion of the astronomy

  • industry

  • on on our summit for the last 50 years

  • so there are already 13 telescope

  • facilities

  • and then this 14th one is now being

  • proposed

  • it's not the science that we fight it's

  • the size of the building and the

  • location

  • at the summit area which is the most

  • sacred part of the mountain

  • and that's why we sit on the road

  • [Music]

  • new perspective tonight on the

  • controversial telescope that's gaining

  • more and more attention

  • it comes from a student whose voice is

  • now being amplified by

  • thousands milani neal started a petition

  • this week in support of the telescope

  • neal wants the world to know many native

  • hawaiians such as herself support

  • construction of the 30 meter telescope

  • this petition has been going

  • for four days and we have over two

  • thousand signatures

  • as a native hawaiian she says the

  • telescope is part of her heritage

  • despite some backlash to her pro tmt

  • petition

  • neal hopes debate over the telescope

  • doesn't become crass

  • or mean-spirited

  • my name is mailani neal i am native

  • hawaiian

  • and i was born and raised in kona on the

  • big island

  • i'm currently a phd student at new

  • mexico tech

  • where i am studying physics and

  • astronomy instrumentation

  • my ancestors navigated by the stars

  • to travel to the unknown and discover

  • what there is

  • and i think that astronomy is doing

  • exactly that

  • my dream is to work at one of the

  • observatories on mauna kea

  • i would love to be an instrumentation

  • scientist for one of the telescopes

  • and eventually someday i would hope to

  • be a director of one of the

  • observatories

  • i'm striving to be very understanding of

  • all

  • people in this situation and i'm

  • striving to be

  • the best astronomer that i can be so

  • that i can prove

  • that you know us native hawaiians are

  • meant to be here

  • we are meant to continue to follow the

  • stars

  • as we go further beyond our planet

  • mauna kea is not the main issue monica

  • is is a symptom

  • that all stems and goes back to 1893

  • the hawaiian kingdom was overthrown in

  • 1893.

  • first of all we need to identify what is

  • the hawaiian kingdom hawaii was actually

  • part of the british empire

  • under king kamehameha iii he achieved

  • recognition of great britain

  • of hawaiian independence so basically we

  • achieved

  • what the american colonies achieved an

  • independent state

  • the whole purpose of the takeover by the

  • united states

  • was to secure pearl harbor it was

  • actually a takeover of the queen and her

  • cabinet

  • replaced her with insurgents the

  • narrative was businessmen

  • took over government from natives who

  • were unfit to govern

  • very racist very racist

  • five years later in 1898 congress just

  • passed the law

  • providing for the annexation of the

  • hawaiian islands supposedly hawaii was

  • annexed

  • the problem is american laws have no

  • effect beyond the borders of the united

  • states

  • the united states could no more annex

  • hawaii by passing a law

  • then the congress today can pass a joint

  • resolution annexing mexico

  • and the response was we're a miracle we

  • can do whatever we want

  • so why is it that nobody knows that

  • history

  • there's a reason in 1895 one of the

  • insurgents who was a trustee of the

  • kamehameha schools

  • he stated on the record that if we are

  • ever to have peace

  • and annexation the first thing to do is

  • to obliterate the past

  • obliterate the past what does that mean

  • that means remove any memory

  • of the country in the minds of the

  • people

  • in 1906 a formal policy of

  • denationalization was adopted by the

  • territory of hawaii

  • board of education these insurgents

  • obliterated

  • the national consciousness of an entire

  • population within three generations

  • so now you take all of that and you look

  • at mauna kea

  • people are learning the history that is

  • getting them to make certain decisions

  • that they wouldn't otherwise make

  • mauna kea is just part of the awakening

  • morning mom morning honey what you up to