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  • a dormant volcano in Iceland has come back to life for the first time in nearly 800 years.

  • The night sky lit up near the capital Reykjavik late on Friday.

  • The eruption came after thousands of small earthquakes in the region in recent weeks.

  • The area is a seismic hotspot and all air traffic has been halted.

  • Iceland is home to Europe's most active volcanic region.

  • So let's go to Iceland's capital Reykjavik and bring in seismologist Dr Thornburg August daughter from Iceland.

  • Geo.

  • Sorry.

  • Thanks for joining us.

  • Um, what kind of threat level are we looking at here?

  • Is anybody's life in danger?

  • No, not at the moment.

  • What we're looking at is a very, very small eruption.

  • And this is a fissure eruption.

  • So we, um the last evening and throughout the night we had some lava fountain ning.

  • Um and you have some lava flowing you can maybe see in the pictures.

  • Um, but it's a very small eruption.

  • Threat levels are very low, and the experts are saying that this is happening in the best possible place.

  • Excuse me.

  • Best possible place in the in the peninsula, um, regarding, um infrastructure and people so at the moment.

  • Since the eruption is very small, nobody is, uh, in danger.

  • Luckily, and the area of Iceland, where you are, as you know, better better than anyone is listed as one of the most seismological e active areas in the world.

  • Are you able to learn anything from what's going on now?

  • Yeah, we're learning by every hour.

  • Um, so, as you mentioned, there's 800 years since we have the last eruption in this peninsula.

  • Um, this, uh, eruption type is completely different to what you experience in 2010.

  • It will not close to European airspace or for a period of time.

  • Firstly, is very small.

  • The second is it's a completely different type of corruption.

  • Um, what we're learning is that we can have a seismic activity in this case outlining, uh, intruding magma at depth.

  • Uh, and then you can have the magma to use this time to go to the surface.

  • Uh, it could have stopped them.

  • Froze.

  • Uh, the news from yesterday was was maybe is it dying down or will we have an eruption?

  • Um, so what?

  • You see what happened last night?

  • We had the eruption.

  • Okay, listen.

  • So It's quite uncertain, in a way.

  • Okay.

  • I think the last time many of us paid attention to volcanoes in Iceland was in that 2010 event.

  • I'm going to try to say the name of the volcano.

  • I think it was, uh uh uh.

  • Correct me if I'm wrong.

  • I'm sure.

  • Okay.

  • Um, how is this different?

  • What's happening now?

  • How is this different from then?

  • You were saying It's It's It's a completely different type of event.

  • Yes, so, in a obviously, you're good.

  • You had this more like a starter volcano.

  • Um, you had a glacier on top.

  • You had a different chemistry in the magma, which meant you had more explosive activity was enhanced by the glacier.

  • If the hot magma touching the the ice, you will have an explosive eruption.

  • Um, and that the chemistry of this, uh, magma meant that there was very fine grained.

  • So you flew very far, far with the with the ash and the wind.

  • And but in this case, in drunkenness, what we have is a very small fissure eruption.

  • It's only about 700 m.

  • It's flowing quite gently.

  • The lava fountains reached maximum 100 m.

  • Okay, yesterday evening, and so it's completely different.

  • You don't have a 10 kilometer eruption column, so, yeah, it's a totally different scenario, but it's very beautiful.

  • It is beautiful.

  • Less spectacular, perhaps, but, uh, certainly still interesting to observe.

  • Scientifically, I'm sure.

  • Dr.

  • Thornburg Algotsdotter from Reykjavik.

  • Thanks so much for that.

  • Don't worry.

  • Thanks.

  • Thank you.

  • Mm.

  • So the situation in green Topic is quite uncomfortable right now.

  • Everyone is sleep deprived because the earth is constantly moving all day, all night.

  • Some earthquakes are bigger than others.

  • Some are 3.1 summer, 4.2 Today we had a big 15.4.

  • Things fell down on the shelves in the house, even though I had laid many things down.

  • Mm hmm.

  • Mhm.

  • Mhm.

  • Right now, it's about one kilometer depth.

  • And all of this pressure from the magma is causing a lot of earthquakes.

  • I think the guys at the Meteorological Office has recorded 40,000 events in almost three weeks, so it's a pretty strong activity.

  • And we've never seen anything like this on readiness before.

  • Nothing written and recorded history.

  • So it's quite unusual activity.

  • Mm.

a dormant volcano in Iceland has come back to life for the first time in nearly 800 years.

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Volcano eruption lights up Iceland sky after weeks of earthquakes | DW News

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    林宜悉 posted on 2021/03/20
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