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  • Nature is still the queen of our planet

  • And one of the greatest displays of her raw power

  • Can be found in the form of hurricanes

  • These huge and often disastrous storms

  • Are a well known fact of life

  • To sailors and coastal communities the world over

  • But these storms are called different ways depending on where you are

  • In the Atlantic and North-Eastern Pacific, they are hurricanes

  • In the North-Western Pacific, they are typhoons

  • While in the South-Pacific and Indian Oceans, they are known as Cyclones

  • Whatever name they go by

  • They are nothing to take lightly

  • But how large and how powerful can these storms actually get?

  • Let's start explaining the Saphir-Simpson scale

  • Which you've probably already seen used

  • It measures hurricanes on a scale between category 1 on the low end

  • And category 5 on the high end

  • To help you visualize what each level of the scale means

  • Let's begin with the smallest known cyclone ever on record:

  • Tropical Storm Marco

  • To be classified as a category 1 hurricane

  • A storm needs to have wind speeds of at least 74 miles per hour (119 kilometers per hour)

  • And so since Marco only had a maximum speed of 65 miles per hour (105 kilometers per hour)

  • It wouldn't even register on the scale

  • The storm was about the same size as Rhode Island

  • And the damage it caused when it impacted Mexico was minimal

  • But obviously, actual hurricanes can get much nastier than this

  • Even on the low end at a category 1 storm

  • Hurricane Nate in 2017 became the costliest natural disaster in the history of Costa Rica

  • Causing 787 million dollars in damage and claiming the lives of 48 people

  • A category 1 storm has wind speeds

  • Ranging between 74 and 95 miles per hour (120-153 kilometers per hour)

  • And Nate's max speed at 90 miles per hour (145 kilometers per hour) easily made it make the mark

  • But the further up the scale we go

  • The more ferocious the wind speeds become

  • At category 2

  • A hurricane must have wind speeds of between 96 and 110 miles per hour (154-177 kilometers per hour)

  • This is fast enough to damage roofs and windows of homes, uproots of trees and destroy mobile homes

  • Hurricane Arthur is a recent example of this type

  • Which grew to about the size of Montenegro

  • Once we reach category 3

  • These and all further storms are considered to be major hurricanes

  • To be considered a category 3

  • A storm needs to have wind speeds between 111 and 129 miles per hour (178-208 kilometers per hour)

  • Even the most well-built homes

  • Or office buildings can suffer minor damage against this

  • While buildings without a solid foundation

  • Will probably be totally destroyed

  • Hurricane Otto in 2016 was a good example of this type

  • Which grew to have a max wind speed of 115 miles per hour (185 kilometers per hour)

  • And became close in size to The Netherlands

  • Hurricanes start getting extremely terrifying when they reach category 4 though

  • The deadliest natural disaster in all of American history

  • Was because of a category 4 hurricane, that struck the city of Galveston in 1900

  • With wind speeds approaching a 145 miles per hour (233 Kilometers per hour)

  • The hurricane basically destroyed the entire city

  • And left somewhere between 6000 and 12000 people dead

  • But that's nowhere near the deadliest cyclone in world history

  • That unfortunate honor goes to the 1970 Bhola Cyclone

  • That smashed into a place that used to be called East Pakistan

  • And now it's called Bangladesh

  • The storm was about the size of Albania

  • And claimed the lives of over 500000 people!

  • More then all American fatalities during the Second World War combined!

  • Another horrible record set by a category 4 hurricane was by Harvey in 2017

  • Approaching the size of Hungary, it slammed into the coast of Texas in 2017

  • And became the costliest hurricane in history!

  • Causing about 125 billion dollars in damage

  • Which is also close to Hungary's total GDP

  • So you can maybe call Harvey a Hungary missile

  • But that missile's record is technically tied with an even more ferocious storm back from 2005, Katrina

  • Which became a monster close in size to Poland

  • With wind speeds of a 175 miles per hour (282 kilometers per hour

  • It also caused a 125 billion dollars in damage

  • And claimed the lives of over a 1000 people when it struck the southern US

  • This is our first category 5 hurricane

  • But there are many more that are significantly bigger

  • As it stands now as of the making of this video

  • Hurricane Florence as not yet made landfall in the Carolina's

  • But it's looking like a true monster approaching the size of France

  • Hurricane Patricia back in 1979 grew to about the size of the entire Iberian peninsula

  • Spain and Portugal combined...

  • And clocked in the highest wind speeds ever measured in a hurricane

  • At a demonically fast 215 miles per hour (346 kilometers per hour)

  • That's fast enough to probably destroy most buildings that would ever come across

  • But there's still a few who have grown even bigger...

  • Well not as ferociously fast

  • Hurricane John was considerably bigger in size nearly the same as Iran!

  • John holds the record for being the longest lasting hurricane at 31 days!

  • And the furthest distance traveled by one 11530 kilometers (7160 miles)

  • Or about 29% of the way around the entire planet!

  • Only a tiny handful of hurricanes have ever been bigger than this

  • But one of them was Sandy

  • Which became the biggest hurricane to ever strike the US

  • It was about half the size of Australia

  • Which looks horrific on a map by the east coast!

  • But with a wind speed of only a 115 miles per hour (185 kilometers per hour)

  • It was actually classified as just a category 3 storm

  • So the damage it caused wasn't as bad as it could've been if it had upgraded

  • But by far the biggest and most terrifying storm on our planet is known to a have ever experienced was Typhoon Tip

  • Back in 1979

  • Growing in the North-Western Pacific

  • Tip reached a size comparable to the entire county of India!

  • And maintained windspeeds of a 190 miles per hour! (305 kilometers per hour!)

  • Thankfully Tip weakened before it eventually hit Japan

  • But imagine the damage it could've caused if it had hit somewhere at its peak strength...

  • If the Hungary missile caused a 125 billion dollars of damage in Texas

  • Imagine what an INDIA missile could've done in Japan...

  • But worst of all

  • Hurricanes are probably going to get bigger later during the century

  • Because of Global Warming

  • The warmer the ocean water gets...

  • The stronger the hurricane's winds can become

  • Noah estimates that because of Climate Change

  • Hurricanes intensity will increase by 2 to 11% by 2100

  • Which doesn't sound like a lot

  • Until you remember that 2-11% of wind speeds close to 200 miles per hour

  • Is close to 4-22 additional miles per hour (6-35 kilometers per hour)

  • Which is fast enough over a speed limit to get you a ticket pretty much anywhere

  • Speed is important or at least the illusion of it is

  • Before I started this YouTube channel

  • I created a feature length movie over a summer

  • But I really had no idea what I was doing

  • If you're trying to do something similar, right now

  • Like filming you're own movie, video's for YouTube or any other cinematic project

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B1 hurricane hour category wind size skillshare

How Big Do Hurricanes Get?

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    林宜悉 posted on 2021/02/21
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