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  • Hi, everybody.

  • Welcome to invade dot com.

  • I'm Adam.

  • In today's video, I'm gonna talk to you about the aisles reading section and very specifically, we're gonna look at one question type that I think most people have the most trouble with.

  • The question type is when you have to give a yes, no, or not given or true, False, not given, based on questions or statements and reading passage.

  • Okay, so what I have here is ah, sample paragraph.

  • Okay, We're gonna look at the whole passages about the aurora borealis now, for those of you who might not know what that is, if you've heard about Northern Canada in the north of Canada, you can go in the light in the sorry in the sky.

  • At night, you could see all kinds of different colored lights all over the sky.

  • It's actually very beautiful, very interesting natural phenomenon.

  • And that's called the Aurora borealis.

  • There's another Aurora in the South, but that's a different story altogether.

  • Now, if I'm speaking a little bit fast, that's because again, this is for the aisles.

  • Those of you taking the aisles, you need to practice your listening skills as well.

  • So I'll speak a little bit faster than normal now.

  • The main problem that people have with this type of question with a yes, no not given true, false not given is that they don't exactly know where to look.

  • And they spend way too much time looking for the answer to that not given section.

  • So there's a few things you need to understand.

  • First of all, you have to find the general area where the answers should be in the reading passage, and then you very carefully have to read the sentence in the question part and the sentences in the actual reading.

  • They will never match them exactly.

  • Okay, they might actually try to trick you by using some of the same words from the passage in the question.

  • But if it's too similar, don't trust it.

  • What they will generally do is paraphrase okay.

  • That's where that's where they're testing your understanding of vocabulary.

  • That's where they're testing your understanding of grammar.

  • A swell.

  • Okay, so paraphrasing is a very important skill.

  • So when you paraphrase, you're taking a sentence and you're expressing it in a different way.

  • But you're keeping the same meaning.

  • So that's what they're testing.

  • Can you look at the question sentence and can you understand that the way it's basically expressed in the passage is the same or are they different, or do they seem kind of similar?

  • But there's something missing, so the answer is actually not given.

  • So I'm going to read to you.

  • This is just one paragraph from this passage.

  • Okay, Obviously, there was something before.

  • There will be something after, but it doesn't matter.

  • We can look at the one paragraph and be able to look at the questions and try to understand them.

  • Okay, so first I'll read it for you.

  • Although the Earth is constantly hit with all manner of particles and raise its magnetic shield deflects most of them away from the planet's surface.

  • Particles discharged from the sun also interact with this shield, where they combined with atoms and molecules of oxygen, nitrogen and other elements.

  • These combinations result in light emissions of varying colors, most commonly observed as pink, green, violet blue and occasionally orange and white, orange and white, yellow and green lights.

  • So I missed that.

  • So yellow and green lights are a common reaction to interactions of these particles with oxygen.

  • So there's the information.

  • Now, I can't really fit the questions on the board.

  • So I'm going to read them out to you, and then you'll see them.

  • Uh, coming soon enough.

  • Number one, You'll generally get 3 to 5 of these.

  • So I'm just gonna do three.

  • I'm gonna do one true one.

  • False one not given.

  • Obviously.

  • Once you know, the first two, you'll know the third one, but that's okay.

  • First, people on earth are not at risk since particles emitted by the sun never reach them.

  • Okay, again, people are on earth are not at risk since particles emitted by the sun never reached, um, true or false.

  • Well, one thing you always have to pay attention to in these expressions is extreme words.

  • The extreme word here is the word.

  • Never.

  • Okay.

  • Never.

  • So.

  • People on earth are not at risk.

  • Okay.

  • Are we looking at anything on earth?

  • Are we looking at any?

  • Do we say anything about people?

  • Well, people on earth, they're generally on the surface.

  • So we're basically around here.

  • We're looking for the information since particles emitted by the sun emitted discharged synonyms by the sun from the sun, uh, never reached.

  • Um Okay, so particles discharged.

  • Okay, so here we have.

  • We looked at the surface particles and raise its magnetic field.

  • Deflects most of them from the planet's surface.

  • Now, what does most of mean doesn't mean all.

  • No, it doesn't.

  • So that means that some particles and raise do get through to the surface, which means that some people are sometimes at risk.

  • So the problem here is the word never.

  • So right away.

  • You know that this question is or the statement is actually false, and you'll notice that they changed a lot of the words to make sure that you understand the same meaning.

  • Okay, that's one next one, Uh, orange or rural lights are not caused by interactions with oxygen, but rather with nitrogen.

  • So this one should be pretty easy to find, more or less.

  • Here we have orange.

  • That's what we're talking about.

  • Okay, so let's read the whole sentence.

  • These combinations result in light emissions of varying colors.

  • Most commonly observed This pink, green, violet, blue and occasionally orange and white, yellow and green are common reaction to interactions of these particles with oxygen.

  • So you're thinking okay, Yellow and green is oxygen, so orange must be with night because that's the other element we had here somewhere.

  • Okay?

  • Oxygen, nitrogen and other elements.

  • Now message.

  • They're trying to trick you.

  • Don't be tricked if you don't very clearly see the connection or the answer.

  • The fact of what's in the passage and what's in the thing, then, uh, don't don't be afraid to say not, Given some of the answers will be not given.

  • You just have to find the right ones.

  • Now, of course, the last one is gonna be true because I told you there's one of each.

  • So the magnetic shield that protects the Earth does so by often turning aside the things that hit it.

  • Okay, The magnetic shield that protects the earth does so by often turning aside the things that hit it that hit it like particles raised, etcetera.

  • So again, we're talking about the magnetic shield.

  • It protects the earth.

  • Okay, so the magnetic shield deflect, deflect, turn aside.

  • So here is the particle boom boom.

  • That's a deflection turning aside.

  • Same idea.

  • So it's a synonym protects the earth by turning away.

  • Okay, Magnetic field deflects most of them.

  • What are them particles and raise and all the other things that are hitting it.

  • So this one is true.

  • It's just a very direct paraphrase.

  • Okay, so that's the key here.

  • This is the key to this type of question.

  • Make sure that the paraphrase matches what's in the passage.

  • Look for extreme words to make sure you're not.

  • Sometimes it's just one word that makes the whole sentence not true.

  • And remember, the more the more number of similar words you see in the question that are the same as the passage, the more you should distrust this, uh, this sentence and think false or not.

  • Given and again not given the key did not given is to know where to look, to begin with and then to not be afraid.

  • Now, if you're looking looking looking, looking for the answer and it's not there, it's not there.

  • Don't continue to look.

  • This is how people waste a lot of time on the reading section and then have problems at the end of their our because they spend so much time looking for an answer that isn't there.

  • Okay, so that's the key.

  • So I hope this was a bit helpful.

  • I'll give you some more examples in the quiz at invade dot com.

  • Don't be afraid to go there and try this out.

  • Okay?

  • If you want mawr help with Isles, especially writing section, visit my site right to top dot com or my YouTube channel.

  • Right to top.

  • I do lots of stuff.

  • I specialize in the writing section of the aisle, so please come visit.

  • If you like this video, please give me a like don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel and come again and I'll give you Maura Isles tips, Total tips vocab grammar, etcetera.

Hi, everybody.

Subtitles and vocabulary

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B1 magnetic passage earth shield oxygen orange

IELTS Reading: True/False/Not Given Questions

  • 5 1
    林宜悉 posted on 2021/02/02
Video vocabulary