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  • Transcriber: TED Translators Admin Reviewer: Rhonda Jacobs

  • For too long, those of us who live in cities big and small

  • have accepted the unacceptable.

  • We accept that in cities our sense of time is warped,

  • because we have to waste so much of it

  • just adapting to the absurd organization and long distances

  • of most of today's cities.

  • Why is it we who have to adapt

  • and to degrade our potential quality of life?

  • Why is it not the city that responds to our needs?

  • Why have we left cities to develop on the wrong path for so long?

  • I would like to offer a concept of cities

  • that goes in the opposite direction to modern urbanism,

  • an attempt at converging life into a human-sized space

  • rather than fracturing it into inhuman bigness

  • and then forcing us to adapt.

  • I call it "the 15-minute city."

  • And in a nutshell,

  • the idea is that cities should be designed or redesigned

  • so that within the distance of a 15-minute walk

  • or bike ride,

  • people should be able to live

  • the essence of what constitutes the urban experience:

  • to access work,

  • housing,

  • food, health, education,

  • culture and leisure.

  • Have you ever stopped to ask yourself:

  • Why does a noisy and polluted street need to be a noisy and polluted street?

  • Just because it is?

  • Why can't it be a garden street lined with trees,

  • where people can actually meet and walk to the baker

  • and kids can walk to school?

  • Our acceptance of the dysfunctions and indignities of modern cities

  • has reached a peak.

  • We need to change that.

  • We need to change it for the sake of justice,

  • of our well-being

  • and of the climate.

  • What do we need to create 15-minute cities?

  • First, we need to start asking questions that we have forgotten.

  • For instance, we need to look hard at how we use our square meters.

  • What is that space for?

  • Who's using it and how?

  • We need to understand what resources we have

  • and how they are used.

  • Then we need to ask what services are available in the vicinity --

  • not only in the city center,

  • in every vicinity.

  • Health providers, shops, artisans, markets,

  • sports, cultural life,

  • schools, parks.

  • Are there green areas?

  • Are there water fountains placed to cool off

  • during the frequent heat waves?

  • We also have to ask ourselves:

  • How do we work?

  • Why is the place I live here, and work is far away?

  • We need to rethink cities around the four guiding principles

  • that are the key building blocks of the 15-minute city.

  • First, ecology: for a green and sustainable city.

  • Second, proximity:

  • to live with reduced distance to other activities.

  • Third, solidarity: to create links between people.

  • Finally, participation should actively involve citizens

  • in the transformation of their neighborhood.

  • Don't get me wrong --

  • I'm not angling for cities to become rural hamlets.

  • Urban life is vibrant and creative.

  • Cities are places of economic dynamism and innovation.

  • But we need to make urban life more pleasant, agile,

  • healthy and flexible.

  • To do so, we need to make sure everyone --

  • and I mean everyone,

  • those living downtown and those living at the fringes --

  • has access to all key services within proximity.

  • How do we get this done?

  • The first city to adopt the 15-minute city idea

  • is Paris,

  • France.

  • Mayor Anne Hidalgo has suggested a big bang of proximity,

  • which includes, for instance, a massive decentralization,

  • developing new services for each of the districts --

  • (City sounds)

  • a reduction of traffic by increasing bike lanes into spaces of leisure;

  • new economic models to encourage local shops;

  • building more green spaces;

  • transform existing infrastructure,

  • for instance, fabrication labs in sports centers

  • or turning schools into neighborhood centers in the evenings.

  • That's actually a golden rule of the 15-minute city:

  • every square meter that's already built should be used for different things.

  • The 15-minute city is an attempt to reconcile the city

  • with the humans that live in it.

  • The 15-minute city should have three key features.

  • First, the rhythm of the city should follow humans, not cars.

  • Second, each square meter should serve many different purposes.

  • Finally, neighborhoods should be designed

  • so that we can live, work and thrive in them

  • without having to constantly commute elsewhere.

  • It's funny if you think of it:

  • the way many modern cities are designed

  • is often determined by the imperative to save time,

  • and yet so much time is lost to commuting,

  • sitting in traffic jams,

  • driving to a mall,

  • in a bubble of illusory acceleration.

  • The 15-minute city idea answers the question of saving time

  • by turning it on its head,

  • by suggesting a different pace of life.

  • A 15-minute pace.

  • Thank you.

Transcriber: TED Translators Admin Reviewer: Rhonda Jacobs

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B1 TED minute proximity urban square meter life

The 15-minute city | Carlos Moreno

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    林宜悉 posted on 2021/01/25
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