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  • HAZEN AUDEL: These are the two teeth marks of a leopard.

  • This is quite a reality check.

  • These hills are filled with lethal predators and I run

  • the risk of winding up like this poor goat.

  • In some of the most inhospitable places on earth...

  • tribal people have survived against the odds

  • for thousands of years.

  • I'm Hazen Audel...

  • survival instructor and wilderness guide.

  • I want to learn from the masters...

  • so I'm traveling to some of the most remote corners of

  • the globe to take on the toughest tribal challenges.

  • To succeed... I must survive the tribe.

  • These arrows have gotta count.

  • Amazing.

  • It's absolutely amazing.

  • This time... I'm with the Samburu...

  • a herding tribe whose lives traditionally

  • depend on cattle.

  • A complete survival kit... the cow can provide all of the

  • food these warriors need...

  • milk... meat and blood.

  • The Samburu live in an arid region of equatorial Kenya.

  • It's a varied landscape from mountain ranges to scrub

  • and desert plains... but it's all tough.

  • After three days of traveling...

  • I reach an isolated village.

  • This is my introduction to one of Africa's most

  • formidable tribes.

  • The look that these people have...

  • the way they look at you and how tall they are...

  • it is intimidating.

  • These are the guys that are gonna show me what it's like

  • to live out here.

  • I'm here to learn the unique survival skills

  • of the Samburu.

  • I have ten days to master the techniques they've honed over

  • centuries before I take on the ultimate challenge,

  • An extreme multi-day cattle drive to deliver

  • famished cows to essential new pastures.

  • Going through one of the most hostile environments

  • in the world.

  • My mentor while I'm here will be Kasana.

  • He is one of the Samburu elite...

  • Who take on the vital responsibility of protecting

  • the community's livestock.

  • I start immersing myself in tribal life by dressing

  • in a traditional ashukka.

  • Kasana then sets my first task; identifying dangerous

  • animals that have come close to the village perimeter.

  • The Samburu share their home with some of the most

  • deadly creatures on the planet.

  • They are prepared for attack at all times.

  • And routinely scout for signs of danger in the area.

  • Straight away... I come across some fresh tracks.

  • You can just barely make it out.

  • Here's the main paw... the toe imprints...

  • a little bit of claw.

  • It's a hyena track.

  • These predators prey on the Samburu's livestock but can

  • also attack and kill humans.

  • Hyenas... for these people...

  • are one of the most dangerous animals.

  • It's not just tooth and claw that I have to be

  • on high alert for.

  • This is a track that's really easy to spot right there.

  • That's an elephant track.

  • These are the largest land mammals on earth and

  • can bulldoze anything that gets in their way.

  • These guys live right next door to some dangerous...

  • dangerous animals.

  • The Samburu's main concern isn't humans being

  • attacked but their precious cattle...

  • whose importance permeates every level of

  • tribal life here.

  • Not only can they provide all their food but

  • they're also marriage dowries and an elder's

  • wealth is determined by the size of his herd.

  • It's their grocery store and life savings but...

  • above all... it gives them status within the tribe.

  • Next... I have to take some of these precious cows

  • to water directly through predator territory.

  • It's the end of the dry season and water is

  • at its most scarce.

  • The nearest functioning well is an hour away.

  • Take this one?

  • Okay... she's got big horns.

  • I'm a novice at herding...

  • so Kasana has started me off small with five cows.

  • Herding is a basic skill I've got to master.

  • Otherwise... I'll be a liability on the

  • final challenge of the cattle drive.

  • To get the herd to go left...

  • you come in from the right and vice versa.

  • It's not rocket science but simple things

  • aren't always easy.

  • It's already hard work keeping up with these guys...

  • who wanna get to water.

  • There's a lot of running around that...

  • in this heat...

  • is sapping my energy and fluids quickly.

  • Dehydration in these conditions can have

  • dangerous effects.

  • I can understand these cows are very lean.

  • There's no fat on them like American cows.

  • After an hour... we reach the well.

  • It's the only water source in the area...

  • so it'll also be a draw for any local predators.

  • Kasana is satisfied that I can handle a small herd...

  • but that was just the first test.

  • My fluid levels are low but the priority now is

  • to get water for the cows.

  • I'll have to wait!

  • This well has been dug straight into the sand with

  • no supporting structure.

  • Whoa!

  • And it regularly collapses.

  • These sides are so unstable.

  • There we go.

  • Whoa... look out.

  • These walls just keep caving in on us.

  • Cows need a lot of water and getting it out

  • of the ground and up to the trough is

  • serious physical work.

  • On the final challenge...

  • getting water is going to be a huge task.

  • There will be a much larger herd to deal with and no

  • permanent wells along the trail.

  • In this arid landscape... using as little water as

  • possible is a key survival strategy.

  • It's embedded in Samburu life and my host mother

  • shows me how the village women clean their

  • kitchenware without water.

  • Put some of the charcoal in there and shake it around.

  • This is how they clean their dishes.

  • Cleanliness is important here.

  • In these temperatures...

  • food spoils rapidly and whenever possible...

  • it's consumed fresh.

  • Like the Samburu super food... cow's blood.

  • Packed full of protein...

  • this is an important part of the warrior's diet and is

  • drunk straight from the cow but collecting it requires

  • a steady hand and a sure shot.

  • This is a very special arrow tip.

  • It's only meant to go that deep...

  • just through the skin and penetrate one

  • side of the jugular.

  • It's gotta be precise.

  • If you don't do it in the right spot...

  • you run the risk of killing one of the cows.

  • Killing a cow here would take away a vital food source

  • and deprive the Samburu of their most valuable asset.

  • That would probably be the worst thing I

  • could possibly do here.

  • Okay... Kasana has selected our donor.

  • Now... to catch a cow.

  • A tourniquet is tied around the cow's neck.

  • Constricting the blood flow brings the veins to the

  • surface of the skin... making it a clear target.

  • I've got to fire the arrow point blank and with the

  • precise amount of force.

  • Kasana tells me... the cow will feel little pain...

  • but I am uncomfortable doing this.

  • I'm nervous.

  • I've gotta stay focused and hold my nerve.

  • Time to go for the jugular.

  • HAZEN AUDEL: Agh!

  • I didn't fire with enough force.

  • 1... 2... (bleep)!

  • This is my last chance.

  • Kasana marks out exactly where I have to hit.

  • I haven't succeeded this time.

  • It's turned out to be much harder than I thought.

  • But this is a skill I've got to master...

  • Because it will be essential on the cattle drive.

  • Kasana shows me how it's done.

  • You know... I made multiple attempts on the

  • neck of this poor cow.

  • I wasn't getting the jugular.

  • The Samburu might take two pints of blood at a time.

  • Then the wound is pinched shut.

  • No band aid needed here.

  • This cow will be good as new in a relatively

  • short amount of time.

  • Finally... a handful of sand is used to help seal

  • the wound and the cow is fine.

  • As for me... things are about to get uncomfortable.

  • I'm going to have to drink the blood but once

  • it's exposed to air... it starts to solidify.

  • With vigorous stirring... the coagulant collects on

  • the stick and can be removed.

  • So... the rest is liquid and then there's just

  • the coagulated blood.

  • Evidently they feed this to the dog.

  • It's time to drink.

  • This is a totally new experience for me and I

  • know there's a genuine risk of illness.

  • It's warm and they want me to drink more.

  • The first sip was hard to keep down but each one

  • after that gets slightly easier.

  • This is gonna take some getting used to.

  • Now for the second course: a Samburu smoothie...

  • blood mixed with milk.

  • It tastes a lot better.

  • Taste more like milk and a hint of blood.

  • Warriors have lived off of only blood and milk for

  • months at a time and for the rest of my stay here...

  • this will be my diet.

  • Lunch break over... it's time to get back to work.

  • Deadly wildlife is a constant threat and the tribe has

  • built a ring of thorns around the village to protect

  • humans and livestock alike.

  • Lekiora ... the patriarch of the family

  • I'm staying with...

  • shows me how to maintain this vital defense.

  • This stuff is pretty incredible.

  • It's like nature's barbed wire Look at these thorns.

  • Spikes like this will keep the cattle in and hopefully...

  • the animals that want to eat them... out.

  • They're almost impossible to handle so the Samburu

  • have a tool for the job.

  • This is an interesting stick...

  • specially made to mend these fences.

  • It has a way to tuck in...

  • those branches and then it has a hook to grab.

  • Anything you can do to keep your fragile fingers away

  • from those huge thorns.

  • On the cattle drive...

  • I'll build a thorn fence like this... from scratch.

  • During the night... it will be the only thing standing

  • between me and the deadly wild animals.

  • Just outside the village... there's a shocking reminder

  • of what the defenses are made to keep out.

  • We're called to a leopard kill that happened within the

  • last couple of hours.

  • One of the girls of the village was herding about

  • 40 goats and all of a sudden...

  • a leopard pounced out of the bush...

  • took down one of her goats.

  • She got really scared.

  • She was terrified.

  • She ran back to the village to tell the elders

  • and here they are.

  • These big cats easily pick off livestock and

  • even though it's rare... some have become man eaters.

  • This is quite a reality check.

  • These hills are filled with lethal predators and I'm

  • gonna be out here spending the night with my livestock

  • and I run the risk of winding up like this poor goat.

  • At dusk... the whole community and their livestock

  • retreat behind the safety of the thorn fence.