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  • I've been working in a coal mine.

  • Every day I've been working in the coal mine; I'm working over time.

  • Work...

  • Hi. James from engVid.

  • Now, did I say: "I was working in a coal mine" or "I work in a coal mine"?

  • Some of you are going to go: "Yeah, yeah, yeah.

  • Got it." and others go: "What?"

  • That's today's lesson.

  • The "ng" sound in English is often confused with "in", but let's go to the board and ask

  • Mr. E.

  • So, Mr. E, was it...?

  • Is it...

  • Or is it "ing" or... "in"?

  • "ng" or "in"?

  • He doesn't know either.

  • But before I continue, Aris from Mexico was a good student of mine.

  • She made a couple mistakes, and I said: I promise I will make a video to clear this

  • up.

  • So, Aris, I hope it's a good video; you and your cute dimples and glasses.

  • All right, so is it "ing"...?

  • So, not "ing", but "ng", because we can have "tongue", or "ing", but the sound, here, is...

  • I'll show you how it's made in a second, too, but it's often confused with "in" for a lot

  • of students.

  • So, "ng", "ng", as in: "walking"...

  • Okay?

  • It's often confused with "walk in".

  • "I walk in the rain because I like it, and I'm walking in the rain."

  • Okay?

  • It's very, very similar.

  • One of the things we want to know to say the difference...

  • Because, to be honest, I'm not going to teach you about "in".

  • I'll do another video with "n", "m", and "ing" or "ing", and we'll...

  • We can compare, there, but today what I want to do is teach you about the "ng" sound, because

  • if I can teach you that, it will help you with the "in" sound.

  • It's my belief that if you get very good at one thing and can really see it, you can see

  • everything that is not it.

  • Okay?

  • So it's the simplified way; instead of teaching you five different things.

  • Just like: This is it, and if it's not that, it's different.

  • And you should be able to pick it right up.

  • Okay?

  • So, "ng" is one of the three nasal consonants in English.

  • The three of them are-remember I said I'd do a video on it?-"n", "m", and "ng".

  • There's "mm", "nn", and "ung".

  • So, what that means is it vibrates through the nasal...

  • Nose and nasal passage.

  • And you're probably saying: "What?

  • Nasal passage."

  • Well, your nose.

  • It comes from your nose over here.

  • What happens is we move our tongue in a certain way, and the tongue in our head, and when

  • we lift it up it kind of blocks the air so the air goes through your nose a bit.

  • And when you do it, you'll feel like: "mmm", vibrate.

  • "Mmm", vibrate.

  • "Ng", you can touch your nose and you'll feel there's a vibration.

  • That's because the air is going by where your nose is, and it makes that particular or interesting

  • sound.

  • Okay?

  • So, what's important to know about the "ng" sound is you can find this sound in the middle

  • of words.

  • For example: "anger" and "English".

  • We're learning English.

  • Ah, you knew I had to put it somewhere.

  • Okay?

  • So: "anger" and "English".

  • Or you can find it at the end of the words, like: "thing" and "wrong".

  • There are a lot of words in English that people confuse, like: "think" and "thing".

  • I'm going to teach you today and you won't make that mistake.

  • In fact, I'm going to teach you another lesson how to do that as well.

  • So, this is a really good lesson because it will help you with many things.

  • Okay?

  • So, as I was saying, people often confuse the "ng" with "in".

  • Okay?

  • An example is they confuse: "sleeping" with "sleep in", and "doing" with "do in".

  • Well, what's the difference?

  • It's not much?

  • Well, they're very different.

  • "Sleeping"-[snores]-the activity you do at night.

  • "To sleep in" means to get up late.

  • So, they're not even the same.

  • They sound similar and they are related, but this is sleeping at night and sleep in.

  • "Doing" is your activity now, and "do in five minutes", "do in time", so I'm talking about

  • maybe a time period.

  • "I can do it in five minutes."

  • Now, what am I doing?

  • Well, no, I can do this for you.

  • I'll do it in five minutes; not now, but a little later.

  • Similar; not the same.

  • So, I talked about this "ng" and showed you the two of them, but...

  • And I did promise you that we would...

  • I would make it that you could learn the one sound to see the difference.

  • So, why don't I show you how to do it?

  • Ta-da: How to do it.

  • First, drop the jaw.

  • Drop, drop, drop.

  • Your jaw, drop it, open it.

  • Okay.

  • Now you look like a dead fish.

  • Dead-fish look.

  • Okay.

  • Lips open.

  • So, ah.

  • Lips open, so drop the jaw, and open your lips.

  • Oh.

  • Try that: "Oh, oh".

  • Okay?

  • Now, the back of the tongue goes to the roof of the mouth, and some of you are going to

  • say: "Okay, whatever."

  • And to be honest, that's what I said.

  • I watched a few videos and I looked at some of the books, and they have all these pictures,

  • and it looked like something out of Aliens with the tongue, but it didn't teach me how

  • to do it.

  • So, I'm going to give you a silly, little trick.

  • Now, if you look here where my throat is and my jaw, I put my finger, I'm going to push

  • up, and I go: "Uh, uh, uh", and just push a little bit, like that.

  • Okay?

  • That's the area where you want your tongue to go up.

  • So if you go: "Knock, knock, knock, knock, knock, knock, knock, knock, knock", pushing

  • your tongue up, you'll make that sound.

  • Ready?

  • "Unh, unh, unh, unh, unh".

  • You're halfway there.

  • Finally, we take the tip of the tongue forward and down.

  • I like to tell students your tongue should go to the bottom of your teeth at the bottom:

  • "Ing".

  • And if you combine: "ung" and "ing", you'll go: "ung, ung, ung".

  • Tongue, working, thing.

  • Notice my jaw is open or dropped, my mouth is open, the roof of my tongue is going to

  • the top at the back, and I go: "Ung, ung, ung, ung", that's what you practice, and the

  • tip is going behind my teeth.

  • And that's how you make the sound.

  • Now, here's some things we can practice with examples: "sleeping, sleeping", "hoping, hoping",

  • "going, going", "working, working".

  • And I'll give you...

  • Well, I'll give you a bonus in a second on how to know the difference between the "n"

  • if you really want to know, but work on these.

  • Now, something that can help you a lot to find that "ung" sound is this word, here.

  • It's a magic word.

  • It's so magic I saved it to give to you now.

  • But try this: "along, along".

  • Because it's a long vowel sound: "along", it helps you get that tongue up.

  • So: "along, along".

  • Cool?

  • Great.

  • Anyway, we're going to go to the board, because of course, what is a pronunciation lesson

  • without a test?

  • Tests for pronunciation?

  • You bet ya.

  • See ya in a second.

  • [Snaps]

  • Okay, so usually when I do this part we have a bit of a test, and a bonus, and homework.

  • Well, I'm going to kind of give you a little bit of a bonus early, and then one later on

  • with the "n" sound.

  • So, I want us to practice right now before we do the quiz over here, and we're going

  • to do, like, I call a catch and release, so I'm going to say the word first normally,

  • then I'm going to take a break, then I'm going to really exaggerate.

  • Exaggeration is important, because in exaggerating, it helps you learn exactly what's going on

  • in your mouth and where to put your tongue, or your teeth, or whatever, so you can teach

  • your brain how to repeat the sound.

  • Okay?

  • So, I'm going to be using the words with the "ng" sound that we're going to be doing on

  • the quiz anyway, and then hopefully you'll be able to see the difference when I use the

  • "in" versus the "ng" sound.

  • All right?

  • Let's do this first one: "hoping, hoping".

  • John's hoping I'll come to the party.

  • "Hoping".

  • Exaggeration: "hoping, hoping".

  • Remember?

  • "ng".

  • Next: "working, working".

  • I'm working on a big project.

  • "Working, working".

  • "Going, going".

  • I'm going to Japan next year.

  • "Going, going".

  • "Sleeping, sleeping".

  • I enjoy sleeping in on the weekends.

  • "Sleeping, sleeping".

  • Make sure you can feel the vibration.

  • Sometimes it gets annoying right up in here; I can feel it in my eyeballs.

  • Okay?

  • So, these are the sounds we're doing: "hoping", "working", "going", "sleeping".

  • Try to keep them in your head.

  • You'll notice I have some holes in here we're going to fill in.

  • Now, I'm not going to fill them in just yet.

  • I'm going to read the story as I would as a Canadian, and then you're going to find

  • out which ones have the "ing" or the "ng" sound, and then we can find out which ones

  • would have the "in" sound.

  • And if you think it's really cool, I haven't taught you the "in" sound at all, but you

  • should be able to tell the difference.

  • Are you ready?

  • "Hey E, I'm hoping you can give me some help in improving my sleeping habits.

  • Lately I find that I sleep in, and because I work in another city I am often late for

  • work.

  • When I go into work, my boss gets very angry and I'm afraid I'm going to lose my job.

  • So, I am putting all of my hope in you and giving you..."

  • And...

  • Sorry.

  • "...hope in you of giving me a helping hand waking me up, so I can be on time for the

  • job I love working at."

  • There, you might say that's quick, but hey, that's how we would speak and say it in English.

  • Now, I want you to try to figure out which ones...

  • I'm just going to put some numbers, here, because there are eight.

  • Which one is, like...?

  • For instance: "hope in" and "hoping".

  • You tell me when we go through and we'll fill it in correctly together.

  • Okay?

  • Are you ready?

  • "I'm hoping you'd give me some help in improving my sleeping habits.

  • I'm hoping you can give me some help in improving my sleeping habits."

  • Good: "hoping".

  • And I like to say: "verb 'to be' equals 'ing' (V2B=ING)".

  • Part of your bonus package.

  • You can see "I'm", so probably ends in an "ing".

  • "I'm hoping".

  • So: "I'm hoping you can give me some help in improving my sleeping habits."

  • Sleeping habits.

  • Okay?

  • Now, this is a gerund which acts as a noun at times; or in this case, an adjective.

  • So, it doesn't follow this rule exactly, but: "sleeping habits"; "sleeping" describes what

  • kind of habits in gerund form.

  • So, now I'm kind of giving you a little extra bonus and teaching you some grammar with your

  • pronunciation, but hey, we're a work in progress, so we can do that.

  • Right?

  • So this is the gerund modifying, but it's the "ing" sound.

  • Let's do the next section.

  • "Lately I find that I sleep in, and because I work in another city I'm often late for

  • work.

  • Lately I find that I sleep in, and because I work in another city I'm often late for

  • work."

  • Good.

  • Now, none of you asked me, because you cannot, but I'll answer it for you.

  • What's the difference between "sleeping" and "sleep in"?

  • "To sleep in" means to stay in your bed past the time.

  • If you want to get up at 8 o'clock usually and you sleep in, you'll get up at 8:30 or

  • 9:00.

  • I like to sleep in on the weekends; I like to sleep later than I go to work.

  • And "sleeping", I think I mentioned before is the-[snores]-just sleep.

  • Cool?

  • All right.

  • Now: "because I work in another city".

  • Okay?

  • Let's do the next part.

  • "When I go in to work late, my boss gets very angry and I'm afraid I'm going to lose my

  • job."

  • What do you think that would be?