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  • Aw yeah! So after a nail-biting close election  we finally know that Joe Biden has been elected  

  • the next President of the United StatesNow, election day or polling day is the day  

  • on which elections are held. Now while we  usually know the results by Tuesday night,  

  • you might have been asking yourselflike so many people out there,  

  • why did it take so long this year? Actually, on  Wednesday, Joe Biden himself had this to say:  

  • So after the popularity of the recent lesson that  we made with the Biden-Trump debate, we thought  

  • that we'd throw together this lesson to help  you to understand the American electoral system,  

  • which will help you to understand exactly  why the elections took so long this year.  

  • And of course you'll also be learning a lot of  political vocabulary that you'll find extremely  

  • practical if you've been watching the newsbecause it's brought up all the time. And finally  

  • we'll learn with some clips from Joe Biden's  victory speech, after becoming President-elect.  

  • All right, so now let's learn all of the most  difficult vocabulary and expressions from that  

  • clip, but really quickly before we do, I want  to let you know that if you're new here every  

  • single week we make great lessons like this one to  help you understand fast speaking natives. Without  

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  • So rigged means to dishonestly  arrange the results of an election  

  • or a competition. Another word we can  use that means the same thing is fixed.  

  • Now, Trump thought or at least  tried to make people believe  

  • that the votes were not counted correctly. So he  thought that the whole thing was rigged. Polls  

  • are the process of voting in an election, and this  is also the name of the place where we go to vote.  

  • To sue someone it means to take legal action  against that person. Now you might have heard  

  • some talk that Trump wants to sue the people in  charge of counting the votes in different states.  

  • So a different way that we could say this is that  Trump is wanting to take these people to court.  

  • Now this is probably the number one thing you  need to understand about american elections.  

  • So the electoral college is a unique and also very  controversial method for indirectly selecting who  

  • will be the President of the United States. So the  United States we don't actually vote directly for  

  • the President. The electoral college are eeducated  individuals who vote in your place and each state  

  • has a designated number of electoral votes, based  on the population of that state. So whoever wins  

  • the popular vote in a certain state, the electoral  college should vote for that individual. Now this  

  • is controversial because it means that you don't  actually need to win the popular vote. In the  

  • United States, in order to be elected Presidentand that also makes certain states that often go  

  • one way or another way really crucial in order to  win, and we'll talk more about that in a little  

  • bit. Now, if you follow the 2016 elections then  you might remember that Hillary Clinton won the  

  • popular vote, but she actually lost in the  electoral college. Which means that although  

  • the majority of citizens voted for her, she did  not become the President of United States. Now,  

  • if you followed the elections you might have seen  the number 270. You need 270 votes to win. Now  

  • this is because there are 538 electoral college  seats. Now 270 would be the majority of that,  

  • so if you get that majority or more then you winBiden won both the popular vote and the electoral  

  • college vote in these elections. Now the pandemic  also played a huge role in this year's elections.  

  • Let's hear what Biden had to say about that. Do you want to be able to understand the English  

  • that natives use in real life? Then I highly  recommend you join our FREE 3-Part Masterclass.  

  • Now in this Masterclass you will learn thePrinciples that you need to master in order to  

  • be able to understand natives no matter how  fast we speak. And those are vocabulary and  

  • cultural contexts, which you're learning a lot  about in this lesson, and third pronunciation.  

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  • Now, Biden says he doesn't see blue states or red  states, he just sees the United States. This is a  

  • nice play on words here, but let's take a look at  what this actually means. So, blue states and red  

  • states refer to states that are more democratic or  more republican. So blue states are the ones that  

  • are more liberal they're the ones, that vote more  for the Democratic party, which is Joe Biden's  

  • party. Now, red states on the other hand are more  conservative, they're more represented by the  

  • Republican party, which is Donald Trump's partyNow in some states it's really predictable whether  

  • a state will vote red or vote blue, but there's  some states that are much more unpredictable.  

  • We call these swing states. Now this is because  from election to election they swing in one  

  • direction or in the other. Now, in one election  process these states might find themselves more on  

  • the democratic side and another one they might  vote more for the Republican candidate. Now,  

  • as we mentioned earlier, many times elections are  decided by how these swing states vote. And that  

  • is why they're also often called "battleground  states". So Presidential Candidates fight for  

  • votes there, and usually their campaigning in  these states is much more aggressive. Now, this  

  • comes from the word battleground, which of course  is a place where an actual battle is fought.  

  • Now if you've been following the news then there's  probably some states that maybe you can't even  

  • place on the map but that you've been hearing  a lot about in these elections. For example,  

  • Nevada, Arizona and PennsylvaniaThese are all swing states and they  

  • really were crucial in determining the  results of this year's elections.  

  • Now, Joe Biden mentions people from all sorts  of different political backgrounds. For example,  

  • here he mentions people who are more ProgressiveModerate or Conservative. So people who are more  

  • Progressive tend to be much more liberal  in their political views. So for example,  

  • they would support a woman's right to choose  whether or not she wants to get an abortion.  

  • Conservatives, on the other hand, want to keep  things exactly how they already are now. We tend  

  • to say that Liberal people or Progressives tend  to lean left, and Conservatives lean right. So  

  • we can think of this as a political spectrum. Now  the further left you go, the more Liberal someone  

  • would be. And the further right you go, the more  Conservative someone would be. Now people from the  

  • Democratic party lean more to the left, and people  from the Republican party lean more to the right.

Aw yeah! So after a nail-biting close election  we finally know that Joe Biden has been elected  

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B1 electoral biden electoral college election popular vote joe biden

Learn English with News | The US Election and How Joe Biden Won!

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/11/14
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