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  • Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning

  • English. I'm Neil.

  • And I'm Sam.

  • Sam, what blood type are you?

  • Ah, you mean the different groups used to

  • classify humans by bloodtypes A, B, AB

  • and O. I think I'm type O. How about you,

  • Neil?

  • Well, it may sound strange but actually I

  • don't know.

  • Hmm, lots of westerners don't know their

  • blood type, but in parts of Asia blood groups

  • are a topic of daily conversation. People

  • select romantic partners based on blood type

  • and different blood groups are associated

  • with different personalities.

  • In this programme we'll be finding out all

  • about bloodwhy humans have different

  • blood types and whether blood is something

  • more than just a way of pumping oxygen around

  • your body.

  • And of course we'll be learning some new

  • vocabulary as well. Now, Neil, I have an interesting

  • fact for you - did you know that many Japanese

  • popstars' websites will feature their blood

  • type alongside information like their age

  • and hobbies?

  • I didn't, Sam, but Japanese culture is certainly

  • interested in blood. There's even a word

  • 'burahara' meaning 'blood harassment',

  • which is used to describe hostility towards

  • people from a certain blood group considered

  • to be selfishbut which group? That's

  • my quiz question for todaywhich blood

  • types may fall victim to 'burahara'?

  • Is it:

  • a) blood type A? b) blood type B? Or

  • c) blood type O?

  • I'll say a) blood type A.

  • OK, Sam, we'll find out the answer later.

  • As we've heard, blood is a big deal in Japan.

  • Marnie Chesterton, from BBC World Service

  • programme, CrowdScience, travelled to Tokyo

  • where she asked Japanese translator,

  • Chie Kobayashi, to explain more:

  • For blood type A, generally it is thought

  • they are perfectionists, more detail-oriented,

  • pretty much good at precise type jobs, and

  • that makes them good at helping others and

  • good at teamwork and respecting rules and

  • customs. That's a typical blood A type.

  • 40 percent of Japan's population are sensitive,

  • anxious type As. 30 percent are curious and

  • stubborn, generous type Os. Ten percent are

  • creative ABs. But woe betide the twenty percent

  • type B because they have a far less desirable

  • personality, apparently.

  • According to Japanese tradition, blood type

  • As are perfectionists - people who want everything

  • to be perfect and demand the highest standards

  • possible.

  • This contrasts with type Os who are considered

  • to be stubbornpeople who are determined

  • to do what they want and refuse to change

  • their mind.

  • But it's unfortunate blood type Bs who have

  • the least desirable personalityselfish

  • and independent. “Woe betide the type Bs

  • remarks the presenter, Marnie Chestertonan

  • informal British expression said when there

  • will be trouble ahead for someonein this

  • case, poor type Bs!

  • But apart from customs and traditions, is

  • there actually any science behind these beliefs?

  • Well, not according to Dr Emma Pomeroy of

  • Cambridge University's archaeology department.

  • She thinks that - like horoscopesthere's

  • no scientific basis for a connection between

  • blood types and personalities.

  • Which makes me wonder what exactly

  • blood types are.

  • Blood types are kinds of stickers or chemical

  • markers which support our immune system

  • - the organs, cells and processes which protect

  • the human body from infection and illness.

  • Those chemical markers can identify foreign

  • bodies like pathogens - small organisms, such

  • a virus or bacteria, that can cause disease.

  • The variety of blood types seems to be a result

  • of different bodily responses to different

  • disease-causing pathogens.

  • Which explains why blood of the same type

  • is needed in blood transfusionsmedical

  • procedures in which blood is taken from one

  • person and put into another person's body,

  • often after an accident or during an operation.

  • And explains the high demand for type O blood

  • which can be given to anyone.

  • Ah, generous type Oslike me. I always

  • knew I was specialand curious and stubborn,

  • wasn't that the type O personality?

  • Oh yes, today's quiz question was about

  • blood type personalities. I asked you which

  • undesirable blood type is considered selfish

  • in Japan.

  • I said a) blood type A.

  • But as we've heard, it's actually b) blood

  • type B.

  • Never mind, I'll settle for being curious,

  • stubborn and generous! In today's programme

  • we've been talking all about blood types

  • and personalities. In Japan, blood type A

  • people are thought of as perfectionists - people

  • who want everything to be perfect.

  • Unlike type Os who are considered stubborn

  • determined to get their own way and unwilling

  • to change.

  • And woe betide selfish type Bsan informal

  • expression said when there will be trouble

  • for someone or if they will be punished for

  • doing a particular thing.

  • Scientifically speaking, blood types help

  • support our immune system - the organs and

  • cellular processes which protect the human

  • body from infection.

  • They also help identify foreign pathogens

  • - small organisms, such a virus or bacteria,

  • that can cause a disease.

  • And explain why the same blood type is needed

  • for a successful blood transfusionthe

  • procedure in which blood is transferred from

  • one person's body to another during an operation.

  • That's all we have time for today. Bye for

  • now.

  • Bye!

Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning

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B1 blood blood type stubborn selfish woe percent

What’s the point of blood types? - 6 Minute English

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/11/10
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