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  • on October 7th, 16 49 The King of Spain one Philip the fourth, took a lady's hand in marriage.

  • Her name was Maria Anna, later to become Mariana of Austria.

  • What might sound perhaps unusual or unethical to our modern viewers is the fact that there was a large age gap in this relationship, with the king being 44 years of age and his new wife being a mere girl at age 14.

  • What might perhaps be Mawr surprising is the fact that the bond was between uncle and niece.

  • How would that go down in 2020?

  • Well, given the year this has been so far, it be the least insane thing to happen.

  • Yet this pairing belong to a royal family named the Hapsburgs, a dynasty well known for not letting the apple fall far from the family tree they inbred, and they did it with such enthusiasm that it might be the reason for their empire coming, crumbling down.

  • Hapsburg inbreeding was so remarkable, in fact, that you could say it created monsters of Children.

  • Mariana and Phillips.

  • Son was living proof, a man that was arguably the most deformed, inbred person in the circles of European royalty.

  • Today, you're gonna hear some of the worst inbreeding stories in history, and you're also gonna hear some crazy stories about in breeders of recent times.

  • You'll learn who did it, why they did it and why it wasn't such a good idea.

  • But let's stay with Philip and Mariana for now because we're sure you want to know how that ended.

  • What you have to understand is that the Hapsburg family tree looks more like a stump.

  • The same names pop up again and again, and that's because they kept things within the family when it came to procreating.

  • The purpose of the inbreeding was mostly a matter of keeping the heritage in their own hands.

  • What they didn't know back then was just how bad it waas.

  • You only have to look at the parents of Philip and Mariana.

  • Both families had a handful of Children and few survived into adulthood.

  • As for Philip and Marianas kids, only two out of five would make it to adulthood.

  • One of them, named Charles, had become one of the most famous kings ever known, and that wasn't because of his bravery or brutishness, but because he was a near monstrosity of a child, a person still malformed that he got that nicknamed the Bewitched.

  • And as you'll see in this show, he's not the worst example of inbreeding.

  • But he's certainly up there.

  • Because Charles was the product of uncle and niece.

  • He not only became their son, but he also became their great nephew and first cousin.

  • The strange thing is, and something will get around to explaining is that Charles's sister Margaret, didn't suffer all the same plate as he did.

  • Okay, so she had a long list of living childbirths and miscarriages, and she died at just 21 from ill Health.

  • But compared to Charles, she lived a fairly healthy life.

  • Poor Charles was doomed from the start.

  • The kid was born with such an elongated jaw that he couldn't speak until age four.

  • Even when he was up and running in the talking department, he still found it difficult to speak, all because of his oversized jaw, what's become known as the Hapsburg jaw.

  • Charles wasn't the Onley Hapsburg to be afflicted with it.

  • During his first few years, he had about every childhood disease possible, including smallpox, chicken pox, measles and rubella, and each of these back then could have killed him.

  • He spent much of childhood in a sickly state, so much so that Mariana barely let him out of her sight.

  • Nonetheless, the child became a man and a man that walked badly and drooled a lot and a man that was said to live in a constant state of debilitating depression.

  • His mood might not have been lifted by the fact that people chatted behind his back, saying he was so ugly.

  • He was hard to look at.

  • He didn't have Children himself, although it wasn't for trying.

  • Some historians speculate that he wasn't able to procreate due to his being inbred.

  • And, as you'll soon find out, that's not unusual in the world of relative relationships.

  • He grew up but suffered so much from illness that people were surprised.

  • He made it the 30.

  • In fact, one historian wrote that he was short, lame, epileptic, senile and completely bald before 35 always on the verge of death but repeatedly baffling Christian done By continuing to live in the year 1700 he became ill again, and just before his 39th birthday, he dropped down dead the autopsy report read that on examination, his corpse did not contain a single drop of blood.

  • His heart was the size of a peppercorn, his lungs corroded, his intestines rotten and gangrenous.

  • And he had a single testicle, black as coal and his head was full of water.

  • It was a miracle he lived as long as he did.

  • Royal and breeding happened all over Europe, and it happened all over the world.

  • In fact, in Asia it occurred in Japan, Korea, China and it happened quite spectacularly in Thailand.

  • Way say that because in the 19th and late 20th century, a king there named Chulalongkorn got it on.

  • With so many people, it's mind boggling.

  • It wasn't that unusual, given that his pop had 82 Children with various women and that father had 32 wives and concubines, meaning a lesser kind of partner, not a spouse.

  • But the sun.

  • Chulalongkorn would beat that if you count his wives.

  • Plus his other named partners, Chulalongkorn was involved with a total of 116 people.

  • That's where it perhaps it gets even.

  • Stranger is his four wives were all his half sister's.

  • You heard that right?

  • He got hitched and had Children with his father's own girls.

  • And with those sister wives, as well as with his concerts and concubines, he would have 77 of his own kids.

  • The difference between a concert and a concubine.

  • By the way, is that a Consort ISMM Or like a minor wife?

  • Not just a partner.

  • Let's now see what happened to some of those kids that he had with this half sisters.

  • Well, there was Princess Deb Nari Rattana.

  • She was ill all her life and died aged eight.

  • Her brother, Prince Trebay, Drew Thoma Damrong, died at six.

  • Then there was Prince Siriraj Kakuta Bond, dead at two.

  • In fact, if you look at his Children who actually survived childbirth, many of them died while they were still kids.

  • If you look further at his long list of Children, what you see is a pattern.

  • The Children he had with his sisters for the most part died very young, and the Children he had with his concerts also died young.

  • For the most part, it seems that the Children that had the best chance of a long life where those he had with his concubines all will be explained shortly as to why, moving away from royalty, most of you were sure to have heard of the British scientist Charles Darwin.

  • When he wasn't writing about evolution, he was with his beloved wife, Emma Darwin, formerly Emma Wedgwood, Charles's first cousin.

  • Prior to the marriage, Charles had no scruples about getting involved with his cousin what concerned him, or was the loss of his free time that the marriage would cost him and also the fact that he'd have less cash to buy books.

  • Nonetheless, they tied the knot and went on to have 10 kids.

  • The problem was, some of those kids would not live very long.

  • His second child, Anne Digest, age 10.

  • After contracting the disease, scarlet fever.

  • His son, Charles, died in infancy, and another girl died only after two weeks.

  • Something that plagued Darwin was not only that he lost some kids early on in their life, but the fact that many of his Children that grew up suffered from all kinds of life threatening and strange illnesses.

  • It was as if they'd been born weak or in his own words when he spoke of his kids.

  • They're not very robust.

  • Three of those that did live a long time didn't have any Children of their own, and it's now speculated that the fact that they were the result of inbreeding could have led to their inability to procreate.

  • Darwin once said in a moment of sadness, were a wretched family and ought to be exterminated.

  • At one point, he wrote that one of his boys had injured kidneys and very swollen glands in his neck, while another boy, he said, was consumed by hysterical, sobbing and semi convulsive movements.

  • What was happening to his Children?

  • He wondered.

  • And then he began to think that it was somehow his fault for the decision he had to marry his cousin.

  • You see, he noticed that crossbred plants were genetically healthier than self fertilized plants.

  • So maybe marrying cousins, he pondered, wasn't such a great idea.

  • At the time, the scientific community could only speculate that the constant Guinness marriage, meaning a marriage between people who are closely related, could result in things like deafness or blindness.

  • But what if it could result in Children being very sickly or even dying?

  • Young Darwin actually asked the government to try and collect data on this but it didn't happen in his lifetime.

  • What he didn't know was that bacterial infections are linked to inbreeding, and that's how two of his Children died.

  • You should know this to Darwin's maternal grand parents were also related.

  • And, as you'll soon see, that very likely mattered.

  • These days, 31 states in the U.

  • S.

  • Banned marriage between first cousins, as do a handful of countries.

  • So we should now ask, Is there such a big risk if you marry your first cousin?

  • That answer depends on who you're talking thio.

  • And that's because while first cousins on Lee shares much is 12.5% of their genes, some experts think there's only a very small risk at the first cousin.

  • Offspring will be born sickly.

  • Okay, but what about those people who procreate with their half sibling or those that go the whole hog and have a child with their full sibling?

  • Well, we share about 25% of our genes with a half sibling and about 50% with a full sibling with an uncle and a niece or an aunt, a nephew.

  • 25% of the genes air shared what could go wrong, especially if babies were born to a biological brother and sister.

  • Well, it's sometimes does happen, and we call this sibling incest like in this tragic story.

  • A German man was named Patrick Stubing was adopted at a young age after his drunken father tried to stab him with a knife.

  • When he was 23 years old, he discovered his biological family, including his biological sister, Susan.

  • In 2001, their mother died, and while there was sadness, the two siblings really hit it off, so much so that they began sleeping together to cut a long story short.

  • They had four Children named Eric, Sarah, Nancy and Sophia.

  • As for Patrick, he was arrested and sent to prison.

  • Since incest is illegal in Germany, we should say that the legality of incest differs from country to country and is usually not illegal if the relationship is between two consenting adults moving on.

  • Susan said she was in love with Patrick, and she said after his arrest that she hoped the law would change.

  • I just wanna live with my family and be left alone by the authorities and by the courts, she said.

  • That's all fine and well.

  • But this is not a show about the ethics of incest.

  • What we want to know where, how those Children getting along well.

  • When Patrick was asked about his Children's welfare, he admitted that the kids were struggling.

  • One had epilepsy and learning difficulties.

  • Another also had learning difficulties.

  • One had to have a heart transplant in infancy because of a heart defect, and one of them is fine.

  • That one.

  • Sophia is the only child that still lives with her parents, or she did so when she was last talked about in the media.

  • The others all had to go into care.

  • So that's a lesson for all you people thinking about getting into a relationship with your brother or sister.

  • The risk is high that the Children you have could be disabled or prone to having a disease, the risk of having a disabled or very ill child with your cousin.

  • It's not only to be about two or 3% higher than it would if you had Children with someone not related to you at all, but as you've seen today, if this inbreeding goes on for generations, it can lead to many ills, okay, So now you want to know why this happens.

  • Let's get scientific.

  • You see your the product of your mom and pop.

  • You have two copies of each gene.

  • Well, most of them and one copy comes from your father and one from your mother.

  • But what if one copy of the genus faulty?

  • It usually doesn't matter because you'll have the working copy from the other parent.

  • If both copies air bad, though, because you're too closely related, it's what's called faulty recessive genes.

  • Then that child could be born with an autism, a recess if condition.

  • These air rare.

  • Since it's unlikely that parents carry the same faulty gene if they do, whether related or not, it doesn't always mean the child will be born with the disease.

  • It just means there's a chance he will.

  • That's why some siblings that are born in bread are very sickly and die young.

  • And while others air perfectly healthy, it's a bit of a lottery.

  • But the good news is that a doctor interviewed on the matter said it's vanishingly unlikely that unrelated lovers will carry the same faulty genes.

  • It can happen, but it doesn't happen very much so That's the problem with inbreeding cousin to cousin, and you should be okay.

  • But the odds start climbing when you get on nephew and especially brother and sister or even brother and half sister.

  • If your family like Darwin's or worse, the Hapsburgs have been doing the cousin to cousin uncle the nice thing for generations, there could well be a prevalence of the same disease or condition.

  • If generations of a certain culture of people have been drinking at quite a small gene pool, then you could get various diseases and conditions turning up more frequently than in other cultures.

  • Take, for instance, the preponderance of hemophilia in European royalty or babies being born with an extra finger or toe in an isolated Amish community.

  • A good example, if not horrific and very unusual, was inbreeding at a remote farming community in Australia that had gone on for a long time.

  • The authorities found these people just a few years ago, and many of the Children really formed because they inherited the same faulty genes somewhere death.

  • Others were blind, and most could hardly speak intelligibly or understand the cops that found them.

  • We can't tell you the name of the valley where they lived with a real family name because the media didn't release the information.

  • We can say that the community started in the seventies with two New Zealand immigrants that the press called Tim.

  • And June, when the cops arrived in 2012, there were 40 of them, all originating from that first couple.

  • This was a really severe case of inbreeding, and what it resulted in was those Children certainly lived in no Eden.

  • So our advice is don't try and replicate the story of Adam and Eve.

  • You might get blind, deaf and dumb kids.

  • Now you need to watch this taboos around the world or have a look at this.

on October 7th, 16 49 The King of Spain one Philip the fourth, took a lady's hand in marriage.

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B1 inbreeding cousin charles darwin mariana died

Why is Inbreeding Bad? Explained

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/11/08
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