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  • Transcriber: TED Translators Admin Reviewer: Rhonda Jacobs

  • We are all here today because the climate countdown has begun,

  • and we are nowhere near where we need to be.

  • Science tells us we must limit to global heating

  • to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

  • We are on track for three degrees at least.

  • Billions of people around the world

  • are already suffering from our failure to act.

  • Climate disruption, due to our outdated addiction to fossil fuels,

  • is causing unprecedented wildfires,

  • more intense and frequent cyclones,

  • floods, droughts, and other weather extremes.

  • Toxic air pollution is choking our major cities and harming our health,

  • and biodiversity on land and sea is under growing pressure.

  • No country's immune from the climate crisis.

  • But in every country,

  • it is the poorest and most vulnerable who are hardest hit,

  • despite having done least to cause the problem.

  • Over the past 25 years,

  • the richest 10 percent of the global population

  • has been responsible for more than half of all carbon emissions,

  • and the poorest 50 percent

  • were responsible for just seven percent of emissions.

  • Rank injustice and inequality of this scale is a cancer.

  • If we don't act now, this century may be one of humanity's last.

  • The COVID-19 pandemic

  • has laid bare the fundamental injustices and inequality of our societies.

  • The upheaval of this pandemic

  • presents an opportunity to chart a new course,

  • one that can address every aspect of the climate crisis head-on.

  • History shows that when we grab such moments, we can succeed.

  • We can build a safer, fairer, more resilient world.

  • But we need to move quickly.

  • That is why I'm urging governments

  • to take six climate-positive actions to recover better together:

  • Invest in green jobs;

  • do not bail out polluting industries, especially coal;

  • end fossil fuel subsidies, and put a price on carbon;

  • take climate risks into account in all financial and policy decisions;

  • work together in solidarity;

  • and most important, leave no one behind.

  • This is the course of action that thousands of companies,

  • cities, states, regions, universities, and investors

  • are already choosing by committing to net-zero emissions

  • by 2050 at the latest.

  • They are moving to protect people and our planet.

  • Momentum is building.

  • Cities and regions with a carbon footprint greater than the United States

  • and companies with revenues of more than 11.4 trillion US dollars

  • have now committed to net-zero emissions by 2050.

  • That's doubled the number from when this initiative was launched

  • at the Climate Action Summit in 2019.

  • Likewise, investors managing over four trillion US dollars

  • have joined the race to zero.

  • This number has also more than doubled

  • since the initiative was first launched at the same summit.

  • But it is still necessary for governments

  • to create the tax and regulatory frameworks

  • that will further stimulate climate action by the private sector.

  • European Union has announced plans to cut its emissions

  • by at least 55 percent by 2030

  • and to achieve climate neutrality by 2050.

  • And China has recently announced its intention

  • to become carbon neutral before 2060.

  • I now count on these and other main emitters

  • to present before COP26 concrete plans and policies

  • that will bring the world to carbon neutrality by 2050.

  • We must make sure that each country,

  • each city, company, bank, and international organization

  • has a transition plan to reach zero net emissions.

  • We also need to see much greater efforts

  • to build resilience in vulnerable countries,

  • which do least to cause climate change but bear the worst impacts.

  • In the big coastal deltas,

  • the islands of the Pacific and the Caribbean,

  • and dry lands such as the Africa Sahel region,

  • we must help people adapt to climate impacts

  • as they recover from COVID-19.

  • I call on developed countries to meet their commitment

  • to mobilize 100 billion US dollars a year

  • for mitigation, adaptation, and resilience in developing countries.

  • We must work to create the conditions needed

  • for a massive mobilization of funds.

  • Also from financial institutions and private investors.

  • We must keep building climate ambition.

  • On the fifth anniversary of the Paris Agreement in December,

  • leaders from government, business, and civil society

  • will gather online to do just that.

  • We need to kickstart the race to the Glasgow Climate Conference in 2021.

  • To those who have already joined the race, I applaud you,

  • but I also ask you to do more and much faster.

  • You have raised your ambition and your commitment.

  • We need you now to also raise your voices and push governments to do better,

  • especially those who emit the most.

  • To those yet to join, my message is simple:

  • We can only win the race to zero together.

  • So I urge you all to get on board.

  • The countdown has begun.

Transcriber: TED Translators Admin Reviewer: Rhonda Jacobs

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B1 climate carbon race percent climate action neutrality

The race to a zero-emission world starts now | António Guterres

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/11/04
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