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  • Hi, everybody. I'm Esther.

  • I'm so excited to be teaching you the  present continuous tense in this video.

  • This tense is used to describe: an action that's happening right now,

  • a longer action in progress , and something happening in the near future.

  • There's a lot to learn, but don't worry I'll guide you through it.

  • Let's get started.

  • The present continuous tense is used to talk  about actions that are happening right now.

  • For example,

  • 'I'm teaching English' and 'You are studying English.'

  • Let's take a look at some more examples.

  • The first sentence says, 'He is watching a movie'.

  • We start with the subject and a 'be' verb.

  • In this case, the subject is 'he'.

  • For 'he' / 'she' and 'it',  we use the 'be' verb 'is'.

  • Then you'll notice I added an '-ingto the end of the verb 'watch'.

  • 'He is watching a movie.'

  • The next sentence says, 'Tim is playing a computer game.'

  • He's doing that right now.

  • Tim is a 'he', therefore, again  we use the 'be' verb 'is'.

  • And again you'll notice I added  '-ing' to the end of the verb.

  • The next sentence says,

  • 'The machine is making a noise.'

  • Now pay attention to the subject, 'the machine'.

  • What is the proper pronoun?

  • The answer is 'it', therefore  we use the 'be' verb 'is'.

  • 'The machine is making a noise.'

  • We can also say, 'It is making a noise'. Or the contraction, 'It's making a noise'.

  • And finally, 'Tom and Ben are speaking English'.

  • In this case, you'll notice  that we use the 'be' verb 'are'.

  • Can you figure out why?

  • That's because Tom and Ben - the subject pronoun for these two is 'they'.

  • 'They are speaking English.'

  • Let's move on to the next usage.

  • The present continuous tense is also used to describe a longer action in progress.

  • Even though you might not be  doing the action right now.

  • Let's take a look at some examples.

  • The first sentence says,

  • 'I'm reading an interesting book these days.'

  • In this case, the subject is  'I', so the 'be' verb is 'am'.

  • In this example, we use the contraction  'I'm' by putting 'I' and 'am' together.

  • Again, you'll notice there's  an '-ing' after the verb.

  • The next sentence says,

  • 'You are studying to become an English teacher.'

  • The subject here is 'you',

  • therefore the 'be' verb is 'are'.

  • Next, 'Steven is preparing for the IELTS exam.'

  • The subject here is 'Steven' which is a 'he',

  • therefore we use the 'be' verb 'is'.

  • And finally, 'John and June are working at a company.'

  • If you look at the subject 'John and June', the pronoun for that is 'they'.

  • That's why we use the 'be' verb 'are'.

  • 'They are working at a company.'

  • Let's move on to the next usage.

  • The present continuous is also used  to talk about near future plans.

  • Let's take a look.

  • 'She is meeting some friends tonight.'

  • That's going to happen in the near future.

  • You'll notice that we have 'she', so the 'be' verb is 'is'.

  • And then we added an '-ing' to the end of the verb 'meet'.

  • The next example says, 'We are going on vacation in July.'

  • The subject here is 'we', therefore we use the 'be' verb 'are'.

  • We can also use a contraction and say, 'We're going on vacation in July.'

  • Again, another near future plan.

  • The next example says,

  • 'David is learning to drive tomorrow.'

  • 'tomorrow' is the near future.

  • 'David' is the subject.

  • 'David' is a 'he', so we use 'is'.

  • And lastly, 'Vicki and I are teaching English next week.'

  • 'Vicky and I'… If we think about the subject pronoun is 'we'.

  • That's why we used 'are'. 'We are teaching.'

  • Let's move on.

  • Now let's talk about the negative  form of the present continuous tense.

  • I have some examples here.

  • These two examples are for actions that are happening right now, or longer actions.

  • These last two are for near future plans.

  • Let's take a look.

  • The first sentence says, 'I am not having fun.'

  • Now that's not true for me because I am having fun,

  • but in this example I am not having fun.

  • You'll notice that the word 'not' goes  between the 'be' verb and the 'verb -ing'.

  • In the second example it says, 'Jane isn't doing her homework.'

  • Here we use the contraction 'isn't' for 'is not',

  • so just like the first sentence, we put 'not' between 'is' and 'verb -ing'.

  • The next sentence says, 'You're not seeing him tonight.'

  • Here we have a contraction for 'you are'.

  • 'You're not seeing him tonight.'

  • And finally, 'We are not running tomorrow morning.'

  • Here we have the subject 'we', therefore, we use the 'be' verb 'are'.

  • Don't forget to add a 'not' after that to make it negative.

  • Let's move on.

  • Now let's talk about how to form 'be' verb  questions in the present continuous tense.

  • The first example here says,

  • 'Is he waiting for you?'

  • or 'Is he waiting for you?'

  • We start with the 'be' verb.

  • Take a look at the subject though.

  • The subject is 'he' and that's why we start with the 'be' verb 'is'.

  • 'Is he waiting for you?'

  • You can answer, 'Yes, he is.' or 'No he isn't.'

  • The second sentence says,

  • 'Are you coming to class?'

  • The subject here is 'you' and  that's why we start with 'are'.

  • 'Are you coming to class?'

  • You can answer, 'Yes I am.' or 'No, I'm not.'

  • The next question says, 'Is he preparing to study in Canada?'

  • The subject is 'he', and so we start with 'is'.

  • The answer can be, 'Yes, he is.' or it can also be 'No, he isn't.'

  • Finally the last question says, 'Are they going out tonight?'

  • The subject here is 'they', and so we start with 'are'.

  • The answer can be 'Yes, they are.' or 'No, they aren't.'

  • Let's move on.

  • Now let's talk about the WH question  form for the present continuous tense.

  • I have some examples here

  • and you'll notice that we start with the WH questions:

  • what, where, when, who, why, and how.

  • What comes after?

  • You'll notice it's the 'be' verbs: 'are', 'is', and if the subject is 'I', 'am'.

  • So after that you have the subject and then the verb -ing.

  • Let's take a look at the first sentence.

  • 'What are you doing?'

  • I'm asking about right now.

  • For example, 'I'm teaching English.'

  • 'Where are you going?' 'I'm going to the store.'

  • 'When is it starting?' 'It's starting at 3.'

  • I can be talking about a movie a show anything can be 'it'.

  • 'Who is she talking to?' 'She's talking to Bob.'

  • 'Why is she crying?' 'She's crying because she's sad.'

  • And finally, 'How is it going?' 'It's going well.'

  • For this checkup of the present continuous tense,

  • we'll look at how this tense can be used to  describe an action that's happening right now.

  • Let's take a look at the first sentence.

  • 'You -blank- learning English.'

  • Remember for this tense, we start  with the subject and the 'be' verb

  • and then the verb '-ing'.

  • We already have the verb '-ing' here, so we need the 'be' verb.

  • The subject in the first sentence is 'you'.

  • For 'you', 'we', and 'they',  we use the 'be' verb - 'are',

  • so the correct answer is,

  • 'You are learning English' right now.

  • The next sentence says,

  • 'She _blank_ not watching TV.'

  • This is the negative form of  the present continuous tense.

  • We have the word 'not' before the verb '-ing',

  • However, we're missing the 'be' verb again.

  • What is the be verb to use  if the subject is 'she'?

  • the correct answer is 'is'.

  • 'She is not watching TV.'

  • This one says, 'I _blank_ studying now.'

  • The subject here is 'I'.

  • Again think of the 'be' verb that goes before the subject 'I'.

  • The 'be' verb is 'am'.

  • 'I am studying now.'

  • We can also use a contraction and say, 'I'm studying now'

  • If we wanted to turn this into the negative form,

  • we can also say, 'I'm not studying now.'

  • Now, take a look at the next  sentence and find the mistake.

  • 'Layla is watch a movie.'

  • Here we have the subject and the subject pronoun for Layla would be 'she'.

  • We have the correct 'be' verb - 'is',

  • However, you'll notice we forgot  the '-ing' at the end of the verb.

  • We need to say, 'watching'.

  • 'Layla is watching a movie.'

  • The next sentence says,

  • 'They playing soccer now.'

  • What's missing?

  • If you got it the correct answer is we need the 'be' verb – 'are'

  • because the subject is 'they'.

  • 'They are playing soccer now.'

  • And finally, 'What do you do?'

  • If you want to ask somebody  what they're doing right now,

  • you say, 'what'... and the 'be' verb – 'are... you.. doing?'

  • 'What are you doing?'

  • Let's move on to the next practice.

  • For this checkup we'll talk about the present continuous tense

  • and how it can be used to describe an action that started in the past and continues today.

  • It's a longer action.

  • Let's take a look at the first sentence.

  • 'He _blank_ studying economics.'

  • Remember for this tense, we take the  subject, a 'be' verb, and then verb '-ing'.

  • Here we already have the verb '-ing', 'studying'.

  • So what are we missing?

  • The 'be' verb.

  • The correct 'be' verb for  the subject 'he' is 'is'.

  • So, 'He is studying economics.'

  • The next sentence says, 'They're _blank_ for the fight.'

  • The verb we want to use is 'train'.

  • Now we already have the 'be' verb here.

  • It's in the contraction 'therebecause it's 'they are'.

  • All we have to do now is add '-ing' to the verb.

  • 'They're training for the fight these days.'

  • And 'We _blank_ teaching at the school.'

  • Again we're missing the 'be' verb.

  • What is the 'be' verb for 'we'?

  • The correct answer is 'are'.

  • 'We are teaching at the school.'

  • Now let's look for the  mistakes in the next sentence.

  • 'Ben is study to become a doctor.'

  • Can you find the error?

  • Well we have the subject and we have the proper 'be verb'.

  • What we're missing is the '-ing' at the end of 'study'.

  • The correct answer is, 'Ben is studying to become a doctor'.

  • Let's look at the next sentence.

  • 'I don't reading that book.'

  • hmm

  • 'I don't reading that book.'

  • To form the negative in the present continuous, we don't use 'do' or 'does'

  • We use the 'be' verb. What is the be verb for 'I'?

  • The correct answer is 'am'.

  • 'I am not reading that book.'

  • There is no contraction for 'am not'.

  • Finally, 'They are to learn English.'

  • We have the subject and we have the correct 'be' verb,

  • but remember we need verb '-ing'.

  • Therefore, the correct answer is,

  • 'They are learning English.'

  • Let's move on to the next checkup.

  • For this checkup we'll take a look at how the present continuous tense

  • can be used to talk about future plans.

  • Let's take a look.

  • The first sentence says, 'They're play a game tonight.'

  • The verb we want to use is 'play'.

  • Remember we start with the subject  and here we have it, 'they'.

  • Then we have the 'be' verb.

  • In this case we used a contraction  for 'they are – 'they're'.

  • That's correct.

  • After that we have to add '-ing' to the end of the verb,

  • so the correct answer is, 'They're playing a game tonight.'

  • The next sentence says, 'We _blank_ not studying tomorrow.'

  • Looks good but there's a word that's missing.

  • This is the negative form because we have 'not'.

  • We simply need the 'be' verb for 'we'.

  • The correct 'be' verb is 'are'. 'We are not studying tomorrow.'

  • The next sentence says, 'Lynn is _blank_ out tonight.'

  • and we want to use the verb 'go'.

  • Remember 'Lynn' and then the 'be' verb – 'is'.

  • That's correct. All we have to do is add '-ing'.

  • 'Lynn is going out tonight.'

  • To make this negative you can say,

  • 'Lynn is not going out tonight.' or 'Lynn isn't going out tonight.'

  • The next sentence says, 'Laura isn't study this evening.'

  • Can you find the mistake?

  • Remember we have to add  '-ing' to the end of the verb,

  • so we need to say,

  • 'Laura isn't studying this evening.'

  • The next sentence says,