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  • Welcome back to CNN 10 on this Wednesday, October 28, I'm Carl Azuz.

  • I'm Carl Azuz.

  • Glad to have you spending 10 minutes of your day with us.

  • With less than a week to go before the 2020 U.S. presidential election, voting in America past in present is the subject were leading off with today.

  • When it was signed in 1787, the U.S. Constitution didn't lay out specifics on citizen voting.

  • It left decisions about that up to the states.

  • But it also left the door open for Congress to make laws about voting.

  • In practice, the right to go to the polls was originally limited to white men over age 21 they were supposed to own land as well.

  • But in 1868, the 14th Amendment was ratified.

  • It extended citizenship and voting rights to all men born in America as long as they were 21.

  • And the 15th Amendment, ratified in 1870 specifically protected the right of citizens to vote regardless of their race.

  • There were still discrimination at the polls, like poll taxes and literacy tests that prevented many African Americans from voting.

  • Meanwhile, the right of women to vote wasn't constitutionally protected until 1920.

  • Before that, they could only go to the polls in certain states.

  • But the 19th Amendment guaranteed women's voting rights in all states.

  • Poll taxes were abolished by the ratification of the 24th Amendment in 1964 and the Voting Rights Act, a Federal law passed the next year abolished literacy tests.

  • So this helped ensure Americans would have the right to vote regardless of their race, religion or level of education.

  • But they still had to be at least 21 years old until 1971.

  • That's the year the 26th Amendment was passed.

  • And that's the amendment that protected the right of 18 year olds to vote.

  • Historically speaking, turnout by America's younger voters has been lower than it has been by older groups.

  • But this year there are indications that voters between 18 and 29 years old are casting significantly more ballots than they did in 2016.

  • At least as far as early voting is concerned.

  • University of Virginia sophomore Libby Klingner is up early on a Saturday ready to roll, joining fellow campus Republicans to get out the vote.

  • There is a lot of enthusiasm among young conservatives to vote, especially in this critical year with everything that's been going on with the pandemic.

  • We're out here canvassing today.

  • They're the diehards, but still say everyone they know is voting.

  • People are really starting to recognize just all of the different chaos within the political climate right now that voting is only real say that we can have.

  • UVA Democrats are driving people to the polls.

  • Hunter Hess waited with Maeve Connick for over an hour to cast an early vote.

  • We've been doing it a lot, especially with first year students who, like ,don't know the voting process very well.

  • I don't know if I know anyone like any of my personal friends who haven't voted already.

  • On the lawn, these students say voting is trendy.

  • Like people on social media they'll post pics of them on their ballot and their "I voted" sticker.

  • So it's almost like, um, you feel a little pressure to vote?

  • Yeah, yes.

  • Young voters are a crucial part of the electorate and are already making up a large share of early voting across 14 key states, compared to 2016.

  • In Wisconsin, early voting among young people is up from where it was in 2016 and both parties are working it.

  • We've seen an increase in the number of people asking questions about how to get registered to vote and trying to get registered to vote.

  • The share of the youth vote is almost double what it was this time four years ago in Florida.

  • Welcome to the FSU and Family college Democrats ...

  • College students here and across the pandemic stricken country largely organized virtually.

  • 10 second trivia!

  • How long does it take the moon to orbit Earth?

  • One day, 27 hours, 27 days or one year?

  • It takes just over 27 days for the moon to orbit the Earth.

  • We can see it more often than that because of how fast the Earth rotates.

  • NASA says it's confirmed the presence of water on the sunlit surface of the Moon, but it's not like the lakes and rivers we see on Earth.

  • Researchers have been making closer examinations of the Moon's surface.

  • Their tools include NASA's US$583 million Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter and the US$3 billion SOFIA telescope, which is mounted to a plane.

  • With the telescope, scientists examined the moon's surface through a wavelength that the naked eye might not be able to see.

  • And NASA says that detected water that's trapped in glass beads or in between grains on certain parts of the Moon.

  • It's not a lot.

  • In one of the Moon's largest craters, it's about as much as a 12 ounce bottle of water, according to NASA.

  • With the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, scientists looked at Moon areas that are always shadowed from the sun and theorized that many of these shadows could be filled with ice.

  • They don't know for sure, and if there is water here, no one knows exactly how it got there.

  • But NASA wants to do more research through future Moon missions.

  • It's difficult and expensive to carry water into space.

  • If the Moon has enough of it, it could help supply everything from rocket fuel to drinking water for visitors.

  • [Future missions on the Moon will now have an official "road map" for directions.]

  • [The US Geological Survey released the first-ever comprehensive lunar map.]

  • [The decades-long project was created using Apollo-era maps and recent mission data.]

  • [Rock layers and irregularities such as craters and faults are charted in great detail.]

  • [The map was a collaborative effort between USGS, NASA and the Lunar Planetary Institute.]

  • [It will serve as the definitive geological blueprint for future lunar missions.]

  • American intelligence officials are warning that China, Iran and Russia are all planning to interfere with next week's presidential election, if they haven't already.

  • This might be done through cyber attacks, spreading misleading information, voter or ballot fraud.

  • All three of these countries have denied meddling in the election.

  • But with so much information out there, CNN 10 recently put together a special edition called Checking Your Sources, which can help you identify misinformation or fake news online.

  • It's available right now at CNN10.com

  • Meanwhile, our friends at CNN Business have some more tips to help you ensure that what you're reading is the truth.

  • Let's say you're scrolling through Facebook and "oh, look another shocking headline" so shocking that it must be false.

  • But this time it kind of looks true.

  • You're not alone if you've had this dilemma.

  • Here's how to spot fake or misleading information online.

  • For posts that link to a website, first check what the websites domain is.

  • .edu and .gov are generally considered to be trustworthy.

  • When it comes to news articles, check what news outlet the information is coming from.

  • Is it from a well-known and trustworthy source?

  • If you're skeptical, the easiest thing to do is search for the same story elsewhere.

  • If other reputable outlets have covered it, the story is more reliable.

  • Oh, but please don't forget, The Onion is satire.

  • When vetting posts, it's also important to check the date that the article or tweet was first published.

  • Headlines can sometimes appear to be relevant, but the actual story or tweet is outdated or out of context and therefore misleading.

  • For posts by individual users, look to see if that user has a blue check mark next to their name.

  • The check mark means that Facebook and Twitter have verified the account is run by a real person or organization that matches the user name.

  • Verified check marks shouldn't be your sole indication that the information is accurate.

  • It's important to combine all these steps together to be able to make the best judgment.

  • And lastly, if you're unsure about information you see on your social media, at the very least, don't repost it.

  • Sharing information that you can't confirm is true will only make you part of the problem.

  • Any game involving an excavator is gonna be done on a big scale.

  • To celebrate its 95th year in business, the Caterpillar Construction Equipment Company built a giant Pac-Man game board.

  • The goals to show off the machinery and the industry to future workers.

  • After it was built, customers, gamers and operators were allowed to remotely control Pac-man and the ghosts through skid steer loaders.

  • It took 70 man hours to dig out the maze.

  • But what an amazing midway to show off!

  • We don't know who had the genesis of the idea, but "Ninten-don't" knock it 'til you've tried it.

  • Why be "Atari" reasonable when you have the "ColecoVision" to "SEGA" your funds into fun and games?

  • I'm Carl Azuz, and tomorrow we'll be "back-man".

  • Wanna give a shoutout to our friends at Glenwood High School.

  • It's great to have you watching from Bowling Green, Kentucky, and thank you for your comment at youtube.com/CNN(10).

Welcome back to CNN 10 on this Wednesday, October 28, I'm Carl Azuz.

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Voting In America - Past And Present | October 28, 2020

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