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  • Hello, I'm Hugo. And I'm Sam. Welcome to

  • Fake News: Fact and Fiction from BBC

  • Learning English. In this series we're

  • looking at a topic that's on the tip of

  • everyone's tongues: fake news. Yes fake

  • news - we'll find out what it is and what it

  • isn't. We'll look at where it comes from

  • and how it can be dangerous and we'll

  • also show you

  • how you can become a fake news

  • detective with tips and suggestions for

  • developing your critical thinking skills.

  • We're starting today with the look at the

  • word fake itself - what does it actually

  • mean and how do we use it? Over to you,

  • Sam. Okay, well actually, thank you Hugo,

  • I want to show you something I prepared

  • earlier so it's really over to me, Sam

  • So what do we know about the word

  • fake? The word fake is first recorded in

  • the late 18th century.

  • It's slang used by criminals in

  • London with meanings connected to their

  • illegal activities. Today it can be an

  • adjective, a noun or a verb and is used

  • when talking about things that are not

  • real, not genuine but are designed to

  • make people think that they are real or are

  • genuine. So where do we see this word?

  • The news is full of stories of fakes - fake

  • works of art, fake concert tickets, fake

  • documents and fake qualifications to

  • name only a few. In some places you can

  • buy fake designer goods even knowingly

  • or unknowingly. However those looking

  • for a bargain could end up with

  • dangerous fake goods

  • or even fake medicines. All these kinds

  • of fakes can be called counterfeit.

  • Being fake isn't always for criminal

  • reasons, though. People and how they act

  • can be called fake too, like smiling,

  • laughing being injured and even, even,

  • even, yes, not confident but want to ace

  • that job interview - fake it till you make it.

  • And sometimes what is fake

  • is more ethical. For example, if you wear

  • fur is it real or fake? Fake fur is

  • regarded to be more ethical so much so

  • that real fur is sometimes labelled as

  • fake. So knowing what is real and what is

  • fake and what is fake fake can be tricky.

  • How do we choose what to buy, where to

  • go, even where to stay? Many of us look

  • at reviews online but even then we have

  • to watch out for fakes. The digital world

  • of social media and the internet are

  • places where it can be very difficult to tell

  • what is fake and what is real and that

  • brings us to perhaps the most common

  • phrase associated with the word fake

  • these days - fake news

  • Fake news - do you hear what I am

  • saying?

  • Something different here...Yes, so

  • obviously those were fake ears.

  • And that's a fake laugh but it's a comedy

  • classic fake ears really just to

  • demonstrate that not everything fake is

  • bad. And can I say that laugh was a

  • counterfeit laugh? That's a really good

  • question actually but no. So we use the

  • word counterfeit to describe real

  • objects, real things that are fakes or

  • for example documents money, paintings,

  • jewellery, they can all be counterfeit but

  • a laugh no matter how fake or false is

  • not counterfeit no. And you, have you had

  • any experience with fake things? So I did

  • have a friend who was setting up his own

  • business and he did ask me to write him

  • a fake review online. What happened?

  • Ah no comment. What about you? I

  • haven't bought anything fake or

  • counterfeit but I think we've seen you

  • know fake t-shirts, fake shoes, bags

  • everywhere right. But now let's turn to

  • fake news itself. Yes. So the words fake

  • and news as we know have existed

  • separately for a very long time but as a

  • journalist Hugo, when did you start seeing

  • them together being used as a thing. I

  • think we all became more familiar with it

  • in the 2016 election campaign in the US

  • because Donald Trump was a big fan of it

  • to essentially dismiss

  • anything he didn't like but you may be

  • surprised to find out that he wasn't

  • actually the first one to use it. Earlier

  • I was joined by Mike Wendling from BBC

  • Trending. He's written a piece called 'The

  • almost complete history of fake news' and

  • he was here to explain more about the

  • recent history of this term.

  • So people may be surprised that Donald

  • Trump wasn't you know the first one to

  • use it back in the election in 2016. No

  • actually it was his opponent Hillary

  • Clinton who was the first person to utter

  • the words fake news and she was

  • describing a process by which people

  • were inventing stories and they were

  • going viral on social media. These stories

  • were fake, they were being written... there

  • was a famous example that was

  • uncovered by BuzzFeed where these

  • stories were being

  • written by people in Macedonia and those

  • people weren't necessarily interested in

  • Trump or interested in bashing Hillary

  • Clinton. What they were interested in was

  • money. Through Facebook they could

  • draw people into their websites and then

  • make money off of advertising and

  • that's why they wrote these

  • sensationalised completely made-up

  • stories that we now have come to know

  • as fake news.

  • And misinformation you know fake news

  • has existed for many many

  • years right but now the difference is

  • social media and how easy it is to you

  • know spread this kind of disinformation.

  • That's right - there's always been

  • mistakes, propaganda, spin, or just lies by

  • political candidates, that has always

  • existed. This is a new type of

  • information and a new type of how

  • information spreads online and what that

  • means is that it can be spread faster

  • than ever before by people who might be

  • anonymous or might be thousands of

  • kilometres away. So it's really a

  • challenge for

  • media organisations, social media

  • organisations and really all of us to

  • try and figure out how to separate the

  • truth from the fiction. And you can find

  • out more about Mike's work on the BBC

  • Trending blog on the BBC News website

  • and also on the BBC World Service. Mike

  • thanks for joining us. Thank you.

  • So Sam, what did you make about what

  • Mike was saying there? I thought it was

  • really really interesting and he mentioned

  • words like spin and propaganda which we

  • are going to talk about more in a later

  • programme but one word I wanted to pick up

  • today was the term 'viral' that he used. So

  • viral is the adjective and it comes from

  • the noun virus which as you know is a

  • medical term and as you also know a

  • virus can spread really, really quickly

  • so when we use something viral when we

  • use the term viral, to go viral online, it

  • basically means it spreads really really

  • quickly across the Internet. Yes we all

  • know about it, very interesting. Now

  • before we wrap up for today, Sam, remind

  • us about the word fake. OK, absolutely.

  • So fake means not real it is not genuine

  • and grammatically the word fake can be a

  • verb. So you can fake a smile, you can

  • fake a laugh, as Hugo did before, you

  • can also fake being confident. It can

  • also be a noun so a picture is a fake,

  • the diamond ring my grandmother left me

  • was a fake for example, and it is

  • commonly used as an adjective so I was

  • talking earlier about the fake review

  • which I of course didn't write and also

  • if you're unlucky you might buy fake

  • tickets for a concert or things like

  • that. If we're talking about fake objects

  • like documents, money or copies of

  • well-known brands for example you can

  • also use the word counterfeit. Thank you,

  • Sam and that's all from us today. Do

  • join us again next time on Fake News:

  • Fact and Fiction.

  • Thank you, bye-bye. Goodbye.

Hello, I'm Hugo. And I'm Sam. Welcome to

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B1 fake news counterfeit news viral hugo fur

The meaning of ‘fake news’ – Episode 1

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/10/26
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