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  • Hello.

  • Welcome to our conversation series.

  • These videos are for intermediate level learners of English.

  • In these videos, we will talk about many expressions to help you communicate in English.

  • When you watch these videos you should do 3 things to help you study.

  • First, our teachers may say a word that you don't know.

  • Please take the time to find that word in a dictionary to help you understand the video.

  • Second, you should always try to repeat after the teacher in the video.

  • Whenever the teacher uses some new vocabulary or expressions, you need to repeat how they

  • say it.

  • Last, you should always review and re-watch the videos, and practice what you learned

  • to help you understand the expressions being taught to you.

  • It takes time and effort, but these videos will help you if you watch them with a sincere

  • interest to learn English.

  • Thank you and enjoy the videos.

  • Hi, everybody.

  • I'm Esther and in this video, we're going to talk about how to describe the cost or

  • price of something.

  • Now this is important to people like me who like shopping.

  • Right

  • So, for example, I like shopping, especially for dresses.

  • So, I might say, the cost ofThis dress is affordable.”

  • Ok

  • This dress is affordable.”

  • 'Affordable' means that this dress is not too expensive.

  • I have enough money and I can pay for this dress.

  • I have enough money, I 'can' buy this dress.

  • So, I would say, “This dress is affordable.”

  • I can also say, “This dress is inexpensive.”

  • We all know what 'expensive' is, but we sayinexpensive”, so that's the opposite.

  • Inexpensive.”

  • 'Affordable' and 'inexpensive' have very similar meanings.

  • Again, I have enough money to buy this.

  • It's not too expensive.

  • Then we havecheap”.

  • This dress is cheap.”

  • Now 'cheap' is similar.

  • It means it's not expensive, but it's a little bit more negative.

  • If you say that something ischeap”, people may think that the quality is not very

  • good.

  • It's not very nice.

  • Ok, now let's look at the opposite.

  • The opposite of these words isexpensive”.

  • This dress is expensive.”

  • It costs a lot of moneytoo much money.

  • Maybe I don't want to buy it.

  • We can also say, “over-priced”.

  • This dress is over-priced.”

  • That means the price is too high.

  • So again, I don't want to buy this dress.

  • It's too expensive and over-priced.

  • Ok, let's look at some more examples together.

  • Let's look at some examples.

  • The hat was affordable because it was on sale.”

  • The hat was affordable because it was on sale.”

  • Next.

  • “I wish this bag was more affordable.”

  • “I wish this bag was more affordable.”

  • Next.

  • This computer is surprisingly inexpensive.”

  • This computer is surprisingly inexpensive.”

  • Next.

  • These shoes look beautiful, but they are too cheap.”

  • These shoes look beautiful, but they are too cheap.”

  • Next.

  • That jacket is too expensive.”

  • That jacket is too expensive.”

  • And last.

  • “I cannot buy this over-priced bag.”

  • “I cannot buy this over-priced bag.”

  • Ok, so in this video, we learned that when we want to describe the cost of something,

  • as not too expensive, we sayaffordable”.

  • Ok

  • Something is 'affordable' if it's not too expensive.

  • If I can buy it with the money I have.

  • On the other hand, if something is not affordable, if the cost is very high, we sayexpensive

  • orover-priced”.

  • For me, ahh…I think some brands like H&M and Forever21 are affordable.

  • Some people don't think this way.

  • They think it's cheap.

  • Uhhsometimes, yes.

  • Some of the items can be cheap.

  • But for me, I like those brands because they are affordable.

  • Ahhhanother store that I like, in Koreait's called Zara or 자라, in Korea as they say.

  • Uhmthey have some items that are affordable and some items that are very expensive.

  • Too expensive for me to buy.

  • Ok, well that's what I wanted to share in this video.

  • Thanks for watching.

  • Bye.

  • Hello.

  • I'm Bill.

  • In this video, we're going to talk about something fun that people like to doand

  • that's vacation.

  • We like to go on vacationand we like to tell people about our vacations.

  • Because, if we can make them jealous, that's even better.

  • Now, there's two questions here that we're going to use to talk about 'vacation'.

  • One question is 'where we go' for vacation.

  • And the other question is 'what we do' when on vacation.

  • Now, the first question is, “Did you go anywhere for vacation?”

  • So, vacation time is finished and it's just time to talk about it.

  • So, they ask this question.

  • And there's different answers you can give.

  • The easiest.

  • Yes, I did.”

  • But, that's boring.

  • Easy is not always good because you want to be interesting when you talk.

  • So, someone asks you, “Did you go anywhere for vacation?”

  • Well, start by 'where did you go'?

  • “I went toBusan.”

  • Or “I went to Jeju.”

  • Popular places people love to go to.

  • Or, you could just say, “I went to the beach.”…cause people like the beach.

  • So, that's a place as well.

  • Now, “went tois good to say.

  • You can also go withvisited”.

  • And again, just 'what place did you visit'?

  • We have, “I visited Halla Mountain.”

  • Or

  • “I visited Haeundai Beach.”

  • Those are all good places to visit.

  • But now, sometimes you can't go on vacation.

  • Something stops you from going on vacation.

  • And, if that happens, you can use this phrase.

  • We have, “No, I had to…”

  • And we say, “I had to…” because that means something stopped you.

  • So now, it could be, “No, I had to work.”

  • Ugh

  • Or

  • No, I had to save money.”

  • Because if you need to save money, vacation is not a good idea.

  • Now, let's look at some more examples of using these.

  • The question was

  • Did you go anywhere on vacation this year?”

  • Answers can be

  • “I went to the U.S.A.”

  • Or

  • “I visited Beijing.”

  • Or

  • “I was too busy to go anywhere.”

  • Ok, now that we talked about 'where we go' for vacation, we're going to talk about

  • 'what we do' when we're on vacation.

  • Alright

  • And so, when that happens, we have this question here:

  • What did you do on vacation?”

  • Because we go somewhere, but now we have to do something.

  • Now, the answers are notlike before, with the “I went to…”, “I visited”.

  • Alright

  • You got to think a little more, but it's still easy.

  • You start with 'I', of course.

  • But now, 'doing something', you need a verb.

  • So, you have to use 'past tense' verb, because vacation, it's finished.

  • So you have to say things like, “I swamat the beach.”

  • Or, “I swam in a pool.”

  • Somethingsomething like, “I hiked on a mountain.”

  • Alright

  • Just fill in what you were doing.

  • Ok

  • Now, some people, when they go on vacation, they don't like to do many things.

  • For some, vacation is about being lazy.

  • So some people may just say, “Ahhh, vacation, I just rested.”

  • That's time to relax.

  • Time to feel good again.

  • Ok

  • Let's take a look at some more examples of these.

  • Now, this questions is

  • What did you do during your vacation?”

  • You can say

  • “I swam at the beach.”

  • Or maybe

  • “I rode a boat to Jeju.”

  • Or

  • “I just relaxed and read a lot.”

  • Ok, so there you have two good and easy questions about vacations.

  • You have theDid you go anywhere for vacation?”, and then theWhat did you do on vacation?”.

  • Now, good to ask these questions to people, but it's better to answer the questions

  • because that means you had vacation.

  • So, I hope you can talk about vacations and I hope you get to take many vacations yourself.

  • Alright, see you next time.

  • Thank you.

  • Uhh, Hi.

  • I'm Bill and what I have for you right now are three questions you can ask a foreigner

  • about their country.

  • Because, I know this.

  • People like to talk about where they're from.

  • It's easy and it's comfortable for us to do.

  • Now, the first question we have here is this: “What is the food like in your country?”

  • Now, many Korean peoplethey say, “Our food is spicy.”

  • But now, some countries, they don't eat a lot of spicy food.

  • So, sometimes, they might say, “Our food is sweet.”

  • Or even, they might answer, how do they make the food.

  • Something like, “Our food is grilled.”

  • Or, “Our food is fried.”

  • This is all possible answers.

  • Now, another thing is about the foodis they could talk about what food is popular.

  • Ok

  • Now, just like this: “We eat a lot of…”

  • Now, I know from living in Korea, in Korea, “We eat a lot of kimchi.”

  • Alright, it's true.

  • Everydayeven me.

  • But now, other countries maybe, like America, “We eat a lot of beef.”

  • It's very popular.

  • Ok

  • Andalmostnot every day, but almostit seems like that happens.

  • Or even, “We eat a lot of eggs.”

  • Just 'what do you eat a lot of?'

  • Ok, let's look at next question.

  • Alright, now here is another question you can ask a foreigner about their country.

  • And it goes like this.

  • What is your country famous for?”

  • This is just about what is popular in their country.

  • What do people do?

  • What do people know about?

  • Ok

  • So now, I'm an American, so if someone were to ask meWhat is America famous for?”

  • I could just answer like this: “Many people know Hollywood.”

  • Ya, Hollywood, where America makes the movies.

  • Ok

  • You can say, “Many people know Hollywood.”

  • Or, it's ok.

  • It's famous for Hollywood.”

  • Ok

  • Now, by 'it', I mean 'my country'.

  • So, my country, 'it's' famous for Hollywood.

  • We want to change it a bit

  • We can talk about Canada.

  • What is Canada famous for?”

  • Well, that's easy, we could do, “Many people know maple syrup.”

  • Very tastyCanadian food.

  • And also, “it's famous for maple syrup.”

  • Ok

  • So, these are two things that are equal that you can use to answer this question.

  • Ok, let's look at the last question, now.

  • Alright, now, here's our last question that will help you get a foreigner to tell you

  • about their home country.

  • And, it just goes like this: “What is there to see in your country?”

  • Kind of what is famous, again, but something to see.

  • Something to go see at.

  • Ok

  • So now, what we have here isthe answer can go

  • People come to see…”

  • Now, if the person is form France, the easy answer is:

  • People come to see Eiffel tower.”

  • Or someone from China.

  • People come to see the Great Wall.”

  • Or again, maybe a Japanese person is visiting.

  • They can say, “People come to see Mount Fuji.”

  • Now again, if you travel to another country and someone asks you about Korea, you can

  • just say, “People come to see Seoul.”