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  • (water whooshing) (soft gentle music)

  • - In the United States

  • we're facing a national water shortage.

  • Government backed research shows

  • that in a little over of 50 years,

  • half of the freshwater basins may not meet our demands.

  • (water rippling) (soft gentle music)

  • For this story I'm in my home state of Florida.

  • Here, the water crisis is real

  • and demanding positive action.

  • (birds tweeting) (soft gentle music)

  • This is Silver Springs, almost half of Florida's freshwater

  • comes from aquifers like this.

  • Natural, underground reservoirs

  • that are topped up by rainfall.

  • (soft gentle music)

  • But earlier this year,

  • wet season rainfall in the south of the state fell by 45%.

  • And the pressure is mounting,

  • as Florida's population grows

  • by around 300,000 people a year.

  • Our water situation is unsustainable.

  • I've come to Maples Botanical Garden,

  • a leader in best practices

  • for conserving water and hoard of culture.

  • If I understand correctly,

  • up to half of Florida's residential water

  • goes back into irrigating our gardens.

  • What can we do to make that more efficient.

  • - We have about six months out of the year

  • where we have an abundance of rainfall

  • and six months where we have drought conditions.

  • Being a botanical garden,

  • we really focus on selecting plants

  • that can take those cycles of drought.

  • If you do that we can really cut down on irrigation.

  • That's really climate friendly gardening.

  • We're working with nature.

  • - Is there something we can do at home

  • to collect our water, protect our water and reuse it.

  • - Yeah, so in my own home I have rain barrels.

  • When it rains we collect water

  • and I use that water to water my garden,

  • throughout the dry months of the year.

  • Quite often we think of the environment

  • as something that's out there.

  • We think of the Everglades,

  • but really the things we do in our own homes,

  • that's apart of the environment.

  • Our backyard is part of the environment.

  • - But it's not just outside where we can make a difference.

  • On average, American families use more than

  • 300 gallons of water everyday.

  • And a lot of that is being wasted.

  • I'd love to see how my family could save water at home.

  • - Just in time America.

  • - From dripping toilets or faulty facets leaks in our homes

  • can loose nearly a trillion gallons of water every year.

  • Just replacing a 50 cent washer

  • on a faucet can save up to 3,000 gallons of water per year.

  • And many of us still

  • rinse our dirty dishes under a running faucet

  • before loading them into the dishwasher.

  • This is a huge waste of water.

  • Because you actually need the dishes to be dirty

  • as the enzymes in the detergent

  • latch on to food particles to work effectively.

  • We have less water than we think.

  • But the minute we realize that every drop is valuable,

  • we begin to change our behavior for the better.

  • Whether that's creating a climate friendly garden,

  • fixing that leaky faucet,

  • or just not pre-rinsing our dishes.

  • It's these little water saving measures

  • that can be done by me in the home

  • and all of us across America.

  • That can help make a huge difference

  • for our future water security.

  • (soft gentle music)

(water whooshing) (soft gentle music)

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Water Efficiency at Home | National Geographic

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    林宜悉 posted on 2020/10/24
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